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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel

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Frameworks: Luke's Gospel, chapter 22

   

For preliminaries see chapter 1

v.1-6 Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
v.7-38 The Last Supper
v.39-46 Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives
v.47-53 Jesus Arrested
v.54-62 Peter Disowns Jesus
v.63-65 The Guards Mock Jesus
v.66-71 Jesus Before the authorities

 

v.1-6 Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus

 

v.1,2 (as Passover was approaching the authorities plotted against Jesus) Now the Festival of Unleavened Bread, called the Passover, was approaching, and the chief priests and the teachers of the law were looking for some way to get rid of Jesus, for they were afraid of the people.

v.3 (Satan prompted Judas Iscariot to act) Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve.

v.4 (he went to the authorities to plan to betray Jesus) And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus.

v.5 (they agree to pay him ) They were delighted and agreed to give him money.

v.6 (so he looked for a time without crowds around) He consented and watched for an opportunity to hand Jesus over to them when no crowd was present.

 

v.7-38 The Last Supper

 

v.7 (the feast day arrived) Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.

v.8  (Jesus instructs two of them to prepare it) Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.”

v.9 (where?) “Where do you want us to prepare for it?” they asked.

v.10-12 (he instructs them) He replied, “As you enter the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him to the house that he enters, and say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher asks: Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?' He will show you a large room upstairs, all furnished. Make preparations there.”

v.13 (they did what he said) They left and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover.

v.14 (so they come to ‘the Last Supper') When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table.

v.15 (he had looked forward to this) And he said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.

v.16 (this will be the last time before the kingdom is inaugurated) For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfilment in the kingdom of God.”

v.17 (he took the wine) After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you.

v.18 (again, the last time) For I tell you I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”

v.19 (he broke the bread and made a pronouncement) And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”

v.20 (a second cup & pronouncement) In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.

v.21 (but my betrayer is here) But the hand of him who is going to betray me is with mine on the table.

v.22 (I go as prophesied) The Son of Man will go as it has been decreed. But woe to that man who betrays him!”

v.23 (they wonder who he means) They began to question among themselves which of them it might be who would do this.

v.24 (but then a dispute about seniority arises) A dispute also arose among them as to which of them was considered to be greatest.

v.25 (he speaks of how the Gentiles act) Jesus said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who exercise authority over them call themselves Benefactors.

v.26 (but for them the order is reversed) But you are not to be like that. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest, and the one who rules like the one who serves.

v.27 (he comes as a servant) For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves.

v.28 (You have been loyal to me) You are those who have stood by me in my trials.

v.29,30 (you are therefore to inherit my kingdom) And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

v.31 (Simon will be challenged by Satan) “Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift all of you as wheat.

v.32 (but I have prayed you'll see it through) But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers.”

v.33 (Peter vows his loyalty) But he replied, “Lord, I am ready to go with you to prison and to death.”

v.34 (No, you'll three times deny me) Jesus answered, “I tell you, Peter, before the rooster crows today, you will deny three times that you know me.”

v.35 (he reminds them of their past experience of his provision) Then Jesus asked them, “When I sent you without purse, bag or sandals, did you lack anything?” “Nothing,” they answered.

v.36 (now it is different, get ready) He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one.

v.37 (prophecy has to be fulfilled) It is written: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors' [Isa 53:12]; and I tell you that this must be fulfilled in me. Yes, what is written about me is reaching its fulfilment.”

v.38 (they have two swords) The disciples said, “See, Lord, here are two swords.” “That's enough!” he replied.

 

v.39-46 Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives

 

v.39 (they go to their usual nightly meeting place on the mount of Loves outside Jerusalem) Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him.

v.40 (he tells them to pray) On reaching the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.”

v.41 (he moves away and prays on his own, not quite of earshot) He withdrew about a stone's throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed,

v.42 (he doesn't want was is coming, yet accepts the will of the Father) “Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.”

v.43 (an angel appear to help him) An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him.

v.44 (he prays very intensely) And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.

v.45 (meanwhile the disciples have fallen asleep) When he rose from prayer and went back to the disciples, he found them asleep, exhausted from sorrow.

v.46 (he wakes them and urges them to pray they can cope with what is coming) “Why are you sleeping?” he asked them. “Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation.”

 

v.47-53 Jesus Arrested

 

v.47,48 (a crowd led by Judas arrives) While he was still speaking a crowd came up, and the man who was called Judas, one of the Twelve, was leading them. He approached Jesus to kiss him, but Jesus asked him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”

v.49 (the disciples are ready to fight) When Jesus' followers saw what was going to happen, they said, “Lord, should we strike with our swords?”

v.50 (and one of them strikes out) And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear.

v.51 (Jesus heals the injured man) But Jesus answered, “No more of this!” And he touched the man's ear and healed him.

v.52,53 (Jesus challenges the way they have come) Then Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple guard, and the elders, who had come for him, “Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come with swords and clubs? Every day I was with you in the temple courts, and you did not lay a hand on me. But this is your hour—when darkness reigns.”

 

v.54-62 Peter Disowns Jesus

 

v.54 (they arrest him and take him to the high priest's house. Peter follows) Then seizing him, they led him away and took him into the house of the high priest. Peter followed at a distance.

v.55 (Peter sits near the fire I the courtyard) And when some there had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and had sat down together, Peter sat down with them.

v.56 (a girl challenges him) A servant girl saw him seated there in the firelight. She looked closely at him and said, “This man was with him.”

v.57 (he denies knowing Jesus) But he denied it. “Woman, I don't know him,” he said.

v.58 (he is challenged a second time and he denies it) A little later someone else saw him and said, “You also are one of them. “Man, I am not!” Peter replied.

v.59 (a third time he is challenged) About an hour later another asserted, “Certainly this fellow was with him, for he is a Galilean.”

v.60 (a third times he denies Jesus) Peter replied, “Man, I don't know what you're talking about!” Just as he was speaking, the rooster crowed.

v.61 (Jesus looks across the yard at him) The Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word the Lord had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows today, you will disown me three times.”

v.62 (Peter wept deeply) And he went outside and wept bitterly.

 

v.63-65 The Guards Mock Jesus

 

v.63-65 (the guards mock and beat Jesus) The men who were guarding Jesus began mocking and beating him. They blindfolded him and demanded, “Prophesy! Who hit you?” And they said many other insulting things to him.

 

v.66-71 Jesus Before the Authorities

 

v.66 (at daybreak the authorities convene) At daybreak the council of the elders of the people, both the chief priests and the teachers of the law, met together, and Jesus was led before them.

v.67 (they question Jesus)  “If you are the Messiah,” they said, “tell us.”

v68,69 (he replies) Jesus answered, “If I tell you, you will not believe me, and if I asked you, you would not answer. But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.”

v.70 (they demand he answers.) They all asked, “Are you then the Son of God?” He replied, “You say that I am.”

v.71 (when he does they condemn him) Then they said, “Why do we need any more testimony? We have heard it from his own lips.”