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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel

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Frameworks: Luke's Gospel, chapter 23

   

For preliminaries see chapter 1

v.1-25 Before Pilate & Herod
v.26-43 The Crucifixion of Jesus
v.44-49 The Death of Jesus
v.50-56 The Burial of Jesus

 

v.1-25 Before Pilate & Herod

 

v.1 (Jesus is taken to the governor) Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate.

v.2 (they accuse him before Pilate) And they began to accuse him, saying, “We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Messiah, a king.”

v.3 (Pilate ask him about being king of the Jews) So Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “You have said so,” Jesus replied.

v.4 (Pilate says there is no charge) Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”

v.5 (they persist and mention Galilee) But they insisted, “He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the way here.”

v.6 (Pilate checks this) On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean.

v.7 (so he sends him to Herod) When he learned that Jesus was under Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

v.8 (Herod has high hopes) When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been wanting to see him. From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform a sign of some sort.

v.9 (he fruitlessly questions Jesus) He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer.

v.10 (meanwhile the authorities keep accusing him) The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him.

v.11,12 (Herod sends him back to Pilate) Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate. That day Herod and Pilate became friends—before this they had been enemies.

v.13,14 (Pilate tells the authorities there is still no charge) Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him.

v.15 (even Herod couldn't find a charge) Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death.

v.16 (we'll punish him and then release him) Therefore, I will punish him and then release him.”

v.18 (relying on custom they demanded he release Barabbas) But the whole crowd shouted, “Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!”

v.19 (Barabbas was a rebel and murderer) (Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.)

v.20 (Pilate still wants to let him go) Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again.

v.21 (they keep shouting for him to be crucified) But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

v.22 (a third time he resists) For the third time he spoke to them: “Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him.”

v.23 (they kept shouting) But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed.

v.24 (so Pilate gave way) So Pilate decided to grant their demand.

v.25 (he released Barabbas) He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.

 

v.26-43 The Crucifixion of Jesus

 

v.26 (leading Jesus off to be crucified the soldier conscript a visitor to carry his cross) As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.

v.27 (a large crowd followed the procession) A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him.

v.28 (Jesus speaks to the women) Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children.

v.29 (a time of judgment will come) For the time will come when you will say, ‘Blessed are the childless women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!'

v.30 (and they would wish the mountains fell on them) Then “‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!”   and to the hills, “Cover us!”' [Hos 10:8]

v.31 (if this happens to a good person, what will happen to guilty people) For if people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

v.32 (two criminals were also being crucified) Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed.

v.33 (and there the three were executed) When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified him there, along with the criminals—one on his right, the other on his left.

v.34 (Jesus prayed) Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.

v.35 (the authorities mocked him) The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him. They said, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is God's Messiah, the Chosen One.”

v.36,37 (the soldiers mocked him) The soldiers also came up and mocked him. They offered him wine vinegar and said, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.”

v.38 (a sign above indicated he was the king of the Jews) There was a written notice above him, which read: this is the king of the Jews .

v.39 (one of the criminals mocked him) One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren't you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!”

v.40,41 (the other one chided the other) But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don't you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.”

v.42 (he asks Jesus for clemency in heaven) Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.”

v.43 (Jesus confirms the man will be there today) Jesus answered him, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.”

 

v.44-49 The Death of Jesus

 

v.44,45 (from noon until three darkness falls) It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon, for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two.

v.46 (Jesus commits himself to his Father and died) Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” [Psa 31:5] When he had said this, he breathed his last.

v.47 (a centurion acknowledges Jesus) The centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God and said, “Surely this was a righteous man.”

v.48 (the crowd turn away in anguish) When all the people who had gathered to witness this sight saw what took place, they beat their breasts and went away.

v.49 (he followers watched from a distance) But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.

 

v.50-56 The Burial of Jesus

 

v.50,51 (Joseph of Arimathea, a council member, was there) Now there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Council, a good and upright man, who had not consented to their decision and action. He came from the Judean town of Arimathea, and he himself was waiting for the kingdom of God.

v.52 (he asked for Jesus' body) Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus' body.

v.53 (he took the body and buried it) Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no one had yet been laid.

v.54 (it was the day before the Sabbath) It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.

v.55 (the women watched from a distance) The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph and saw the tomb and ow his body was laid in it.

v.56 (but they did nothing because the Sabbath was about to begin) Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment. [Note the Jewish day was measured from 6pm to 6pm]