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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Paul's letter to the Romans

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Frameworks: Romans 13


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)




v.1-7 Submit to Governing Authorities

v.8-10 Love Fulfils the Law

v.11-14 Live in the anticipation of a short life

[Context: We continue to provide a brief summary of previous sections to provide present context:

Part 1: Ch.1-8 Our lost state & God's Justification & the New Life

Part 2: Ch.9-11 Considering the State of Israel

Part 3: Ch.12-16 Living the Christian Life



v.1-7 Submit to Governing Authorities


v.1 (recognise God is the one who establishes authority) Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God.

v.2 (so don't rebel against authority) Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves.

v.3 (if you do good you don't need to fear rulers) For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and you will be commended.

v.4 (see them as from God to maintain justice) For the one in authority is God's servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God's servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer.

v.5 (submit to them because He says) Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also as a matter of conscience.

v.6 (pay your taxes as a means of building society) This is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God's servants, who give their full time to governing.

v.7 (don't have debts) Give to everyone what you owe them: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.



v.8-10 Love Fulfils the Law


v.8  (deal with your debts) Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for whoever loves others has fulfilled the law.

v.9 (the various commandments are summed up in love your neighbour) The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” [Exo 20:13-15,17] and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” [Deut. 5:17-19,21]

v.10 (love does no harm and fulfils the law) Love does no harm to a neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.



v.11-14 Live in the anticipation of a short life


v.11 (be alert to God's agenda) And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed.

v.12 (prepare to be light bringers) The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light.

v.13 (behave as being seen and watched by all) Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy.

v.14 (be a Christ-person not a self-gratifying person) Rather, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ, and do not think about how to gratify the desires of the flesh.