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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Paul's letter to the Romans

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Frameworks: Romans 14


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)




v.1-6 Accept Different Beliefs about food and keeping days

v.7-13 General Principles about Unity

v.14-23 Clean or Unclean Foods


[Context: We continue to provide a brief summary of previous sections to provide present context:

Part 1: Ch.1-8 Our lost state & God's Justification & the New Life

Part 2: Ch.9-11 Considering the State of Israel

Part 3: Ch.12-15 Living the Christian Life



(Notes: The matters Paul deals with here arise because partly because of the Law and partly because of pagan practices. The Law held some days as special but we are no longer under that Law. Similarly the Law held certain foods were ‘unclean' (having been forbidden for health reasons mostly) but we are not under that Law either (see Acts 10 & 15). There was also the matter of meat that pagans in the community offered to idols which, when it was removed from the pagan temple some considered polluted and others thought it all right to eat). Paul's teaching suggests the big issue is not whether something is clean or unclean but whether disagreeing about it undermines the Christian community, the church)



v.1-6 Accept Different Beliefs about food and keeping days


v.1 (recognise we're all different so accept hose weaker than you) Accept the one whose faith is weak, without quarreling over disputable matters.

v.2 (some people don't mind what they eat, others are wary of some foods) One person's faith allows them to eat anything, but another, whose faith is weak, eats only vegetables.

v.3 (neither must judge the other) The one who eats everything must not treat with contempt the one who does not, and the one who does not eat everything must not judge the one who does, for God has accepted them.

v.4 (we are each servants of Christ so don't judge his servant, let him judge) Who are you to judge someone else's servant? To their own master, servants stand or fall. And they will stand, for the Lord is able to make them stand.

v.5 (it's also true about different days, accept differing views) One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them should be fully convinced in their own mind.

v.6 (whether keeping days or eating food, do it as to the Lord) Whoever regards one day as special does so to the Lord. Whoever eats meat does so to the Lord, for they give thanks to God; and whoever abstains does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God.



v.7-13 General Principles about Unity


v.7 (we don't live in isolation) For none of us lives for ourselves alone, and none of us dies for ourselves alone.

v.8  (everything is to be related to the Lord) If we live, we live for the Lord; and if we die, we die for the Lord. So, whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord.

v.9  (Jesus is Lord of all ) For this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.

v.10 (don't judge others, leave it to Judgement Day) You, then, why do you judge your brother or sister? Or why do you treat them with contempt? For we will all stand before God's judgment seat.

v.11 (that day will come) It is written: “‘As surely as I live,' says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will acknowledge God.'” [Isa 45:23]

v.12 (then we'll each have to speak for ourselves) So then, each of us will give an account of ourselves to God.

v.13 (therefore, no judging, no stumbling blocks, just unity) Therefore let us stop passing judgment on one another. Instead, make up your mind not to put any stumbling block or obstacle in the way of a brother or sister.



v.14-23 Clean or Unclean Foods


v.14 (I'm fine about any foods but not everyone thinks the same) I am convinced, being fully persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean in itself. But if anyone regards something as unclean, then for that person it is unclean.

v.15 (if others are upset by what you eat, consider them in love and act accordingly) If your brother or sister is distressed because of what you eat, you are no longer acting in love. Do not by your eating destroy someone for whom Christ died.

v.16 (don't let food become an issue of division) Therefore do not let what you know is good be spoken of as evil.

v.17,18 (the kingdom isn't about this but right living, peace and joy and that's enough) For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking, but of righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit, because anyone who serves Christ in this way is pleasing to God and receives human approval.

v.19 (do all you can for peace, unity and encouragement) Let us therefore make every effort to do what leads to peace and to mutual edification.

v.20 (don't destroy the church for the sake of food, be sensitive to one another) Do not destroy the work of God for the sake of food. All food is clean, but it is wrong for a person to eat anything that causes someone else to stumble.

v.21 (it's simply better not to do somethings if they undermine another's faith) It is better not to eat meat or drink wine or to do anything else that will cause your brother or sister to fall.

v.22 (keep your thoughts between you and God, and don't have an uneasy conscience) So whatever you believe about these things keep between yourself and God. Blessed is the one who does not condemn himself by what he approves.

v.23 (if you have doubts but still do something that's not faith and that's bad) But whoever has doubts is condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin.