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FRAMEWORKS: Matthew's Gospel

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FRAMEWORKS: Matthew, chapter 27

v.1-10 Judas Hangs Himself

v.11-26 Jesus Before Pilate

v.27-31 The Soldiers Mock Jesus

v.32-44 The Crucifixion of Jesus

v.45-56 The Death of Jesus

v.57-61 The Burial of Jesus

v.62-66 The Guard at the Tomb



v.1-10 Judas Hangs Himself


v.1 (plans to bring about Jesus' execution proceed) Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people made their plans how to have Jesus executed.

v.2 (they take Jesus to the Roman governor, Pilate) So they bound him, led him away and handed him over to Pilate the governor.

v.3 (Judas is filled with remorse) When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders.

v.4 (the authorities don't want to know) “I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That's your responsibility.”

v.5 (so Judas went out and committed suicide) So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself.

v.6-8 (the authorities use his money to buy a field as a cemetery for the homeless) The chief priests picked up the coins and said, “It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money.” So they decided to use the money to buy the potter's field as a burial place for foreigners. That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day.

v.9,10 (in accordance with Jeremiah's prophecy) Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: “They took the thirty pieces of silver, the price set on him by the people of Israel, and they used them to buy the potter's field, as the Lord commanded me.” [Zech. 11:12,13; Jer. 19:1-13; 32:6-9]


[Comment: Jesus is taken to Pilate and meanwhile Judas commits suicide.]



v.11-26 Jesus Before Pilate


v.11 (Pilate questions Jesus & he answers) Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “You have said so,” Jesus replied.

v.12 (but refuses to answer the Jewish authorities) When he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer.

v.13 (Pilate again questions him) Then Pilate asked him, “Don't you hear the testimony they are bringing against you?”

v.14 (but he now makes no answer) But Jesus made no reply, not even to a single charge—to the great amazement of the governor.

v.15 (there was a prisoner-release tradition at Passover) Now it was the governor's custom at the festival to release a prisoner chosen by the crowd.

v.16 (a prisoner in custody was Barabbas) At that time they had a well-known prisoner whose name was Jesus Barabbas.

v.17,18 (Pilate asked the crowd who they wanted releasing) So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, “Which one do you want me to release to you: Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?” For he knew it was out of self-interest that they had handed Jesus over to him.

v.19 (Pilate's wife sends him a warning) While Pilate was sitting on the judge's seat, his wife sent him this message: “Don't have anything to do with that innocent man, for I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of him.”

v.20,21 (but the crowd call for Barabbas) But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas and to have Jesus executed. “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?” asked the governor. “Barabbas,” they answered.

v.22 (he asks about Jesus and is told crucify him) “What shall I do, then, with Jesus who is called the Messiah?” Pilate asked. They all answered, “Crucify him!”

v.23 (he questions this but is shouted down) “Why? What crime has he committed?” asked Pilate. But they shouted all the louder, “Crucify him!”

v.24 (Pilate washes his hands (literally) of the whole thing) When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, but that instead an uproar was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. “I am innocent of this man's blood,” he said. “It is your responsibility!”

v.25 (the people accept their guilt) All the people answered, “His blood is on us and on our children!”

v.26 (so Pilate hands him over to be crucified) Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified.


[Comment: Pilate tries to have Jesus released but eventually gives up ad literally washes his hands of the whole business, but hands him over to be crucified.]



v.27-31 The Soldiers Mock Jesus


v.27 (the soldiers take Jesus) Then the governor's soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him.

v.28-30 (they beat and mock Jesus) They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on his head. They put a staff in his right hand. Then they knelt in front of him and mocked him. “Hail, king of the Jews!” they said. They spit on him and took the staff and struck him on the head again and again.

v.31 (they then take him to be crucified) After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him.


[Comment: The soldiers beat, mock and abuse Jesus and lead him off to be crucified.]



v.32-44 The Crucifixion of Jesus


v.32 (they force a passer-by to carry Jesus' cross) As they were going out, they met a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross.

v.33 (they arrive at Golgotha [the place of executions]) They came to a place called Golgotha (which means “the place of the skull”).

v.34 (they offered him an unpleasant drink) There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it.

v.35 (after crucifying him they divide his clothes between them) When they had crucified him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots.

v.36 (they then sat and kept watch) And sitting down, they kept watch over him there.

v.37 (above his head was a sign that proclaimed who he was) Above his head they placed the written charge against him: this is jesus, the king of the Jews.

v.38 (two men were crucified with him) Two rebels were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left.

v.39,40 (passers-by mocked him and insulted him) Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself! Come down from the cross, if you are the Son of God!”

v.41-43 (likewise the authorities) In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him. “He saved others,” they said, “but he can't save himself! He's the king of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.'”

v.44 (likewise the men either side of him) In the same way the rebels who were crucified with him also heaped insults on him.


[Comment: Jesus is crucified.]



v.45-56 The Death of Jesus


v.45 (for three hours there was darkness) From noon until three in the afternoon darkness came over all the land.

v.46 (about 3pm he cried out to his Father) About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”). [Psa 22:1]

v.47 (some thought he was appealing to Elijah) When some of those standing there heard this, they said, “He's calling Elijah.”

v.48 (one offered him a drink) Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink.

v.49 (the rest said leave him alone) The rest said, “Now leave him alone. Let's see if Elijah comes to save him.”

v.50 (then he died) And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.

v.51,52 (the thick curtain in the temple was split in two and an earthquake occurred) At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split and the tombs broke open. The bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life.

v.53 (many dead people appeared from the graves) They came out of the tombs after Jesus' resurrection and went into the holy city and appeared to many people.

v.54 (the centurion acclaims him) When the centurion and those with him who were guarding Jesus saw the earthquake and all that had happened, they were terrified, and exclaimed, “Surely he was the Son of God!”

v.55,56 (some of the women disciples were watchers) Many women were there, watching from a distance. They had followed Jesus from Galilee to care for his needs. Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee's sons.


[Comment: Jesus dies.]



v.57-61 The Burial of Jesus


v.57,58 (Joseph asked to bury Jesus) As evening approached, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who had himself become a disciple of Jesus. Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus' body, and Pilate ordered that it be given to him.

v.59,60 (he wrapped and buried the body)  Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. He rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb and went away.

v.61 (the two Mary's watched) Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were sitting there opposite the tomb.


[Comment: Jesus is buried.]



v.62-66 The Guard at the Tomb


v.62 (the next day the religious authorities petitioned Pilate) The next day, the one after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate.

v.63 (they feared deception) “Sir,” they said, “we remember that while he was still alive that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise again.'

v.64 (they asked for a guard over the tomb) So give the order for the tomb to be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, his disciples may come and steal the body and tell the people that he has been raised from the dead. This last deception will be worse than the first.”

v.65 (Pilate agreed) “Take a guard,” Pilate answered. “Go, make the tomb as secure as you know how.”

v.66 (so an additional seal and a guard was out on the tomb) So they went and made the tomb secure by putting a seal on the stone and posting the guard.


[Comment: A guard is placed over Jesus' tomb.]



Continue to Chapter 28