John's Gospel, chapter 6
objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read
layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses
for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each
verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)
Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand
Jesus Walks on the Water
Jesus the Bread of Life
Many Disciples Desert Jesus
Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand
(Jesus crossed the Sea again) Some
time after this, Jesus crossed to the far shore of the Sea of
Galilee (that is, the Sea of Tiberias), and
a great crowd of people followed him because they saw the signs
he had performed by healing the sick.
3 (he sat on a mountainside to teach)
Then Jesus went up on a mountainside
and sat down with his disciples.
4 (Passover was coming up)
The Jewish Passover Festival was
5 (seeing the crowd he asked Jesus
how they could feed them) When
Jesus looked up and saw a great crowd coming toward him, he said
to Philip, “Where shall we
buy bread for these people to eat?”
6 (he did it to test Philip)
He asked this only to test him, for
he already had in mind what he was going to do.
7 (Philip focused on the resources needed) Philip
answered him, “It would take more than half a year's wages to
buy enough bread for each one to have a bite!”
8 (Andrew spoke up ) Another
of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, spoke up,
9 (he had a small boy with him
with some food) “Here is a boy
with five small barley loaves and two small fish, but how far
will they go among so many?”
10 (Jesus got the people to sit
down, five thousand men at least) Jesus
said, “Have the people sit
down.” There was plenty of
grass in that place, and they sat down (about five thousand men
11 (he took the small amount of
food, [prayed over it and then fed the crowd) Jesus
then took the loaves, gave thanks, and distributed to those who
were seated as much as they wanted. He did the same with the fish.
12 (he told the disciples to collect
the leftovers) When they had
all had enough to eat, he said to his disciples, “Gather
the pieces that are left over. Let nothing be wasted.”
13 (they collected twelve basket-full)
So they gathered them and filled
twelve baskets with the pieces of the five barley loaves left
over by those who had eaten.
14 (the crowd recognised him as
a prophet) After the people
saw the sign Jesus performed, they began to say, “Surely this
is the Prophet who is to come into the world.”
15 (knowing they wanted to make
him their king, Jesus withdrew) Jesus,
knowing that they intended to come and make him king by force,
withdrew again to a mountain by himself.
Jesus Walks on the Water
16,17 (in the evening the disciples
got into the boat to cross the lake) When
evening came, his disciples went down to the lake, where
they got into a boat and set off across the lake for Capernaum.
By now it was dark, and Jesus had not yet joined them.
18 (it started to get rough)
A strong wind was blowing and the
waters grew rough.
19 (some way out they saw Jesus
walking toward them) When they
had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus approaching
the boat, walking on the water; and they were frightened.
20 (he called to them to reassure
them) But he said to them, “It
is I; don't be afraid.”
21 (they took him aboard)
Then they were willing to take him
into the boat, and immediately the boat reached the shore where
they were heading.
22 (the next day the crowd realised
he had gone) The next day the
crowd that had stayed on the opposite shore of the lake realized
that only one boat had been there, and that Jesus had not entered
it with his disciples, but that they had gone away alone.
23 (some other boats arrived)
Then some boats from Tiberias landed
near the place where the people had eaten the bread after the
Lord had given thanks.
24 (many got in the boats crossed
back) Once the crowd realized
that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they got into
the boats and went to Capernaum in search of Jesus.
Jesus the Bread of Life
25 (when they found him they asked
how he got there) When they
found him on the other side of the lake, they asked him, “Rabbi,
when did you get here?”
26 (Jesus declared they asked for
more food, not because of the sign) Jesus
answered, “Very truly I tell
you, you are looking for me, not because you saw the signs I performed
but because you ate the loaves and had your fill.
27 (he said seek eternal food rather
than just earthly food) Do not
work for food that spoils, but for food that endures to eternal
life, which the Son of Man will give you. For on him God the Father
has placed his seal of approval.”
28 (what must we do, they asked)
Then they asked him, “What must we
do to do the works God requires?”
29 (believe in me) Jesus
answered, “The work of God
is this: to believe in the one he has sent.”
30 (they ask for a sign) So
they asked him, “What sign then will you give that we may see
it and believe you? What will you do?
31 (they cite Moses giving them
manna) Our ancestors ate the
manna in the wilderness; as it is written: ‘He gave them bread
from heaven to eat. ' [Exo 16:4; Neh.9:15;
32 (Jesus said it was God
not Moses who gave it) Jesus
said to them, “Very truly
I tell you, it is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven,
but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven.
33 (God's bread is what comes down
from heaven that gives life) For
the bread of God is the bread that comes down from heaven and
gives life to the world.”
34 (we want it) “Sir,”
they said, “always give us this bread.”
35 (Jesus declared, I am the bread
of life) Then Jesus declared,
am the bread of life . Whoever
comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will
never be thirsty.
36 (but I know you won't believe)
But as I told you, you have seen
me and still you do not believe.
37 (only who the Father gives will
come) All those the Father gives
me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive
38 (I've come down from heaven
to do His will) For I have come
down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who
39 (it is that I lose none he gives
me) And this is the will of
him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all those he has given
me, but raise them up at the last day.
40 (whoever believes in me will
have eternal life) For my Father's
will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him
shall have eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last
41 (the Jews grumbled at this)
At this the Jews there began to grumble
about him because he said, “
I am the bread that came down
from heaven .”
42 (they knew he was a carpenter
– from heaven??) They said,
“Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother
we know? How can he now say, ‘I
came down from heaven' ?”
43 (Jesus told them to stop grumbling)
“Stop grumbling among yourselves,”
44 (Jesus reiterates only those
the Father draws will come) “No
one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws them, and
I will raise them up at the last day.
45 (just as Isaiah had said)
It is written in the Prophets: ‘They
will all be taught by God.' [Isa 54:13] Everyone
who has heard the Father and learned from him comes to me.
46 (only the one from God has seen
Him) No one has seen the Father
except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father.
47 (whoever believes receives eternal
life) Very truly I tell you, the
one who believes has eternal life.
48 (he reiterated he was the Bread
of Life) I am the bread of life.
49 (their ancestors died even after
eating the manna) Your ancestors
ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died .
50 (but the bread from heaven stops
death) But here is the bread
that comes down from heaven, which anyone may eat and not die.
51 (he is that bread from heaven
that brings that life) I am
the living bread that came down from heaven.
Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh,
which I will give for the life of the world.”
52 (they misunderstand) Then
the Jews began to argue sharply among themselves, “How can this
man give us his flesh to eat?”
53 (Jesus rubs it in – you need
to eat me) Jesus said to them,
“Very truly I tell you, unless
you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have
no life in you.
54 (only those who do it receive
eternal life) Whoever eats my
flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise them
up at the last day.
55 (taking in him is real food
and drink) For my flesh is real
food and my blood is real drink.
56 (such people become united with
Jesus) Whoever eats my flesh and
drinks my blood remains in me, and I in them.
57 (life comes from God through
him to them) Just as the living
Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who
feeds on me will live because of me.
58 (thus he is different from the
manna for they will live for ever if they ‘eat' him) This
is the bread that came down from heaven. Your ancestors ate manna
and died, but whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.”
59 (these things he said in the
Capernaum synagogue) He said
this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.
Many Disciples Desert Jesus
60 (a number of his followers struggled
with this) On hearing it, many
of his disciples said, “This is a hard teaching. Who can accept
61 (Jesus asked if this offended
them) Aware that his disciples
were grumbling about this, Jesus said to them, “Does
this offend you?
62 (would his ascension help them
[implication, stay around and see it]) Then
what if you see the Son of Man ascend to where he was before!
63 (his words come from the Spirit
who brings life) The Spirit
gives life; the flesh counts for nothing. The words I have spoken
to you—they are full of the Spirit and life.
64 (yet some had never really believed)
Yet there are some of you who do
not believe.” For Jesus had
known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who
would betray him.
65 (which is why he talked about
the Father drawing some) He
went on to say, “This is why
I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has enabled
66 (a number turned away)
From this time many of his disciples
turned back and no longer followed him.
67 (Jesus asked the twelve)
“You do not want to leave too, do
you?” Jesus asked the Twelve.
68 (Peter says there is nowhere
else to go) Simon Peter answered
him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal
69 (we've come to believe)
We have come to believe and to know
that you are the Holy One of God.”
70 (yes, you're chosen, even those
one is an enemy agent) Then
Jesus replied, “Have I not
chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!”
71 (he referred to Judas Iscariot
who would betray him) (He meant
Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, who, though one of the Twelve,
was later to betray him.)
In this chapter we see the first of the seven ‘I Am' sayings of
Jesus found in John's Gospel. The significance is found in God's
description of Himself in Ex 3:14 and it is thought Jesus is identifying
with his Father in this word usage. Each one makes a particularly
divine claim. We have made them stand out in the text by making
them red. In this chapter there are four forms of the same claim,
most simply put in v.48.
This chapter is unique in that it is the only place where Jesus
declares so clearly that he has come down from heaven, i.e. he
existed in heaven before he was ‘born' on earth.)