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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 7

 

(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

 

CHAPTER 7

 

v.1-13 Jesus Goes to the Festival of Tabernacles
v.14-24 Jesus Teaches at the Festival
v.25-44 Division Over Who Jesus Is
v.45 -53 Unbelief of the Jewish Leaders

 

 

v.1-13 Jesus Goes to the Festival of Tabernacles

 

v.1 (Jesus remains in Galilee to avoid the opposition) After this, Jesus went around in Galilee. He did not want to go about in Judea because the Jewish leaders there were looking for a way to kill him.

v. 2 (but the Feast of Tabernacles was coming) But when the Jewish Festival of Tabernacles was near,

v. 3 (Jesus' brother chided him to go and be seen) Jesus' brothers said to him, “Leave Galilee and go to Judea, so that your disciples there may see the works you do.

v. 4 (they said he needed to show himself) No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world.”

v. 5 (but really they didn't believe in him) For even his own brothers did not believe in him.

v. 6 (Jesus said his time wasn't ready [for the big showdown]) Therefore Jesus told them, “My time is not yet here; for you any time will do.

v. 7 (the evil world hated him for exposing it) The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify that its works are evil.

v. 8 (so he stayed on in Galilee) After he had said this, he stayed in Galilee.

v. 10 (however he later went in secret) However, after his brothers had left for the festival, he went also, not publicly, but in secret.

v. 11 (the Jews were expecting him there) Now at the festival the Jewish leaders were watching for Jesus and asking, “Where is he?”

v. 12 (there was much speculation about him) Among the crowds there was widespread whispering about him. Some said, “He is a good man.” Others replied, “No, he deceives the people.”

v. 13 (gossip was in secret because it would offend the authorities) But no one would say anything publicly about him for fear of the leaders.

 

v.14-24 Jesus Teaches at the Festival

 

v. 14 (half way through the week's feast Jesus appeared and started teaching) Not until halfway through the festival did Jesus go up to the temple courts and begin to teach.

v. 15 (the Jews were amazed at the standard of his teaching) The Jews there were amazed and asked, “How did this man get such learning without having been taught?”

v. 16 (Jesus said it wasn't his) Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the one who sent me.

v. 17 (whoever obeys God will know where it comes from) Anyone who chooses to do the will of God will find out whether my teaching comes from God or whether I speak on my own.

v. 18 (personal glory seekers are false only he who seeks God's glory is true) Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory, but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him.

v. 19 (obey Moses law and stop plotting to kill me) Has not Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?”

v. 20 (they deny it) “You are demon-possessed,” the crowd answered. “Who is trying to kill you?”

v. 21 (Jesus cited one miracle (on the Sabbath) to raise their belief) Jesus said to them, “I did one miracle, and you are all amazed.

v. 22 (yet they 'work' to follow the law on the Sabbath) Yet, because Moses gave you circumcision (though actually it did not come from Moses, but from the patriarchs), you circumcise a boy on the Sabbath.

v. 23 (if they can do that, why get angry when he headed a man on the Sabbath) Now if a boy can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing a man's whole body on the Sabbath?

v. 24 (start judging correctly) Stop judging by mere appearances, but instead judge correctly.”

 

v.25-44 Division Over Who Jesus Is

 

v. 25 (the crowd start discussing the plot to kill him) At that point some of the people of Jerusalem began to ask, “Isn't this the man they are trying to kill ?

v. 26 (yet he's still there teaching in the open) Here he is, speaking publicly, and they are not saying a word to him. Have the authorities really concluded that he is the Messiah?

v. 27 (they discuss origins of the Messiah) But we know where this man is from; when the Messiah comes, no one will know where he is from.”

v. 28 (Jesus puts himself in context) Then Jesus, still teaching in the temple courts, cried out, “Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from. I am not here on my own authority, but he who sent me is true. You do not know him,

v. 29 (I am from God!) but I know him because I am from him and he sent me.”

v. 30 (they wanted to arrest him but didn't) At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come.

v. 31 (many in the crowd believed in him) Still, many in the crowd believed in him. They said, “When the Messiah comes, will he perform more signs than this man?”

v. 32 (the authorities sent a force to arrest him) The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him.

v. 33 (Jesus spoke about the short time he had with them) Jesus said, “I am with you for only a short time, and then I am going to the one who sent me.

v. 34 (he will go where they cannot go) You will look for me, but you will not find me; and where I am, you cannot come.”

v. 35,36 (this left them wondering) The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? What did he mean when he said, ‘You will look for me, but you will not find me,' and ‘Where I am, you cannot come' ?”

v. 37 (on the last day Jesus offers himself as satisfying drink) On the last and greatest day of he festival, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink.

v. 38  (believers will have stream flowing from within them) Whoever believes in me, as Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them.”

v. 39 (he meant the Holy Spirit) By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.

v. 40 (some acclaimed him as ‘the [expected] prophet') On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.”

v. 41  (others suggested he might be the Messiah) Others said, “He is the Messiah.” Still others asked, “How can the Messiah come from Galilee?

v. 42  (they wondered about his origins) Does not Scripture say that the Messiah will come from David's descendants and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?”

v. 43  (they was split opinion over him) Thus the people were divided because of Jesus.

v. 44 (they wanted to arrest him but didn't) Some wanted to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him.

 

v.45 -53 Unbelief of the Jewish Leaders

 

v. 45 (the guards went back without him ) Finally the temple guards went back to the chief priests and the Pharisees, who asked them, “Why didn't you bring him in?”

v. 46 (they explained why ) “No one ever spoke the way this man does,” the guards replied.

v. 47-49 (they rebuke them) “You mean he has deceived you also?” the Pharisees retorted. “Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him? No! But this mob that knows nothing of the law—there is a curse on them.”

v. 50 (Nicodemus speaks out) Nicodemus, who had gone to Jesus earlier and who was one of their own number, asked,

v. 51 (the law requires we hear him before condemning him) “Does our law condemn a man without first hearing him to find out what he has been doing?”

v. 52 (they rebuke him) They replied, “Are you from Galilee, too? Look into it, and you will find that a prophet does not come out of Galilee.”

   


[Bible Footnote: The earliest manuscripts and many other ancient witnesses do not have John 7:53—8:11. A few manuscripts include these verses, wholly or in part, after John 7:36, John 21:25, Luke 21:38 or Luke 24:53.]


v. 53 (the day ends) Then they all went home,