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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 19

 

(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

       

CHAPTER 19

 

v.1-16 Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified
v.17-27 The Crucifixion of Jesus
v.28-37 The Death of Jesus
v.38-42 The Burial of Jesus

 

  

v.1-16 Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified

   

v.1 (Pilate has Jesus beaten) Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.

v.2,3 (the soldiers mock and slap him) The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe and went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!” And they slapped him in the face.

v.4 (Pilate again tries to release him) Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.”

v.5 (he brings Jesus out) When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”

v.6 (the leaders cry for him to be crucified, Pilate perists) As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!” But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.”

v.7 (they insist) The Jewish leaders insisted, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God.”

v.8,9 (he questions Jesus again) When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid, and he went back inside the palace. “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.

v.10 (he presses Jesus) “Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don't you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?”

v.11 (Jesus speaks of Satan's authority) Jesus answered, “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.”

v.12 (the crowd use Caesar's name) From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.”

v.13 (Pilate brings him out again) When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge's seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha).

v.14 (he heralds him as their king) It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon. “Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews.

v.15 (they insist on crucifixion) But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked. “We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered.

v.16 (Pilate gives way) Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.

  

v.17-27 The Crucifixion of Jesus

   

v.17 (he is taken out to Golgotha) Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).

v.18 (there he was crucified) There they crucified him, and with him two others—one on each side and Jesus in the middle.

v.19 (Pilate posts who he is) Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: Jesus of Nazareth , the king of the Jews .

v.20 (the Jews read it) Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek.

v.21 ( … and protest) The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,' but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.”

v.22 (Pilate stands on what he's had written) Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

v.23 (the soldiers share Jesus clothes) When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.

v.24 (They draw lots according to prophecy) “Let's not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let's decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment .”[Psa22:18] So this is what the soldiers did.

v.25 (the women watch) Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.

v.26,27 (Jesus hands his mother into John's care) When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman, here is your son,” and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.

 

v.28-37 The Death of Jesus

 

v.28 (Jesus declares he is thirty) Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.”

v.29 (they provide the drink) A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips.

v.30 (Jesus gives up his life) When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

v.31 (because of the day the authorities want it speeded up) Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.

v.32 (the soldiers break the legs of the two thieves to speed up death – so that breathing would become impossible hanging there) The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.

v.33 (but they didn't do it to Jesus as he was already dead) But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

v.34 (to check it they thrust a spear in his side) Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.

v.35 (the watcher – John? – testified to the fact of his death) The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.

v.36,37 (this was in line with prophecy) These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,”[Exo 12:46; Num 9:12; Psa 34:20] and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced. ” [Zech. 12:10]

 

v.38-42 The Burial of Jesus

 

v.38 (Joseph gets permission to take the body) Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away.

v.39 (Nicodemus goes with him) He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.

v.40 (they prepared the body) Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs.

v.41 (nearby was a new tomb) At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid.

v.42 (they laid him there) Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.