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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 20


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)




v.1-10 The Empty Tomb

v.11-18 Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene

v.19-23 Jesus Appears to His Disciples

v.24-29 Jesus Appears to Thomas

v.30,31 The Purpose of John's Gospel


v.1-10 The Empty Tomb


v.1 (Mary M goes to the tomb) Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance.

v.2 (she reports back) So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don't know where they have put him!”

v.3 (Peter & John go to look) So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb.

v.4 (John outruns Peter) Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first.

v.5 (he peers in) He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in.

v.6,7 (Peter went in and saw just graveclothes) Then Simon Peter came along behind him and went straight into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there, as well as the cloth that had been wrapped around Jesus' head. The cloth was still lying in its place, separate from the linen.

v.8 (John also went in and believed) Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. He saw and believed.

v.9 (they still hadn't understood prophecy) (They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)

v.10 (they then returned home) Then the disciples went back to where they were staying.



v.11-18 Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene


v.11,12 (Mary M stays, weeping and sees two angels) Now Mary stood outside the tomb crying. As she wept, she bent over to look into the tomb and saw two angels in white, seated where Jesus' body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot.

v.13 (she speaks with them) They asked her, “Woman, why are you crying?” “They have taken my Lord away,” she said, “and I don't know where they have put him.”

v.14 (she turns and sees a figure) At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not realize that it was Jesus.

v.15 (she addresses him as the gardener) He asked her, “Woman, why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?” Thinking he was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him.”

v.16 (only when he speaks her name does she realise it is Jesus) Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means “Teacher”).

v.17 (go and tell the others he says) Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.'”

v.18 (Mary reports back) Mary Magdalene went to the disciples with the news: “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them that he had said these things to her.



v.19-23 Jesus Appears to His Disciples


v.19 (Jesus comes to them all gathered) On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jewish leaders, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!”

v.20 (they are overjoyed) After he said this, he showed them his hands and side. The disciples were overjoyed when they saw the Lord.

v.21 (he commissions them to go) Again Jesus said, “Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you.”

v.22 (he breaths the Spirit on them) And with that he breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.

v.23 (he commissions them to forgive) If you forgive anyone's sins, their sins are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.”



v.24-29 Jesus Appears to Thomas


v.24 (Thomas had been missing) Now Thomas (also known as Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came.

v.25 (when he's told he doesn't believe) So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe.”

v.26 (a week later Jesus appears again) A week later his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!”

v.27 (Jesus reassures him) Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe.”

v.28 (Thomas accepts wholeheartedly) Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!”

v.29 (Jesus say blessed will be those who believe without seeing) Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”



v.30,31 The Purpose of John's Gospel


v.30 (John points out Jesus did much more he didn't record here) Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book.

v.31 (but these are written to enable us to believe) But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.