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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 12

 

(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

 

 

CHAPTER 12

 

v.1-11 Jesus Anointed at Bethany
v.12-19 Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King
v.20-36 Jesus Predicts His Death
v.37-50 Belief and Unbelief Among the Jews

 

v.1-11 Jesus Anointed at Bethany

 

v.1  (they return to Bethany) Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.

v. 2  (for a celebration meal) Here a dinner was given in Jesus' honour. Martha served, while Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with him.

v. 3 (Mary pours oil over Jesus' feet) Then Mary took about a pint of pure nard, an expensive perfume; she poured it on Jesus' feet and wiped his feet with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.

v. 4 (Judas objects) But one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was later to betray him, objected,

v. 5  (it could have been used for the poor) “Why wasn't this perfume sold and the money given to the poor? It was worth a year's wages.”

v. 6  (but he had bad motives) He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it.

v. 7 (Jesus defends her) “Leave her alone,” Jesus replied. “It was intended that she should save this perfume for the day of my burial.

v. 8 (he won't always be with them) You will always have the poor among you, but you will not always have me.”

v. 9 (a crowd gather to see Jesus AND Lazarus) Meanwhile a large crowd of Jews found out that Jesus was there and came, not only because of him but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.

v. 10,11 (this makes the religious authorities upset) So the chief priests made plans to kill Lazarus as well, for on account of him many of the Jews were going over to Jesus and believing in him.

 

v.12-19 Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King

 

v. 12 (the crowd hear Jesus is coming to Jerusalem) The next day the great crowd that had come for the festival heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem.

v. 13 (they welcome him as a conquering king) They took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting, “Hosanna!” “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” [ Psa 118:25,26] “Blessed is the king of Israel!

v. 14 (Jesus had a donkey to rise in on) Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, as it is written:

v. 15 (just as prophesied) “ Do not be afraid, Daughter Zion;   see, your king is coming, seated on a donkey's colt .”[Zech. 9:9]

v. 16  (only later did the disciples understand) At first his disciples did not understand all this. Only after Jesus was glorified did they realize that these things had been written about him and that these things had been done to him.

v. 17 (the crowd grew and spread the word) Now the crowd that was with him when he called Lazarus from the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to spread the word.

v. 18 (many people came to meet him) Many people, because they had heard that he had performed this sign, went out to meet him.

v. 19 (this upset the Pharisees even more) So the Pharisees said to one another, “See, this is getting us nowhere. Look how the whole world has gone after him!”

 

v.20-36 Jesus Predicts His Death

 

v. 20 (some Greeks (probably Jews from out of the country) came) Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the festival.

v. 21 (they approached Philip) They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. “Sir,” they said, “we would like to see Jesus.”

v. 22 (Philip passes o the word) Philip went to tell Andrew; Andrew and Philip in turn told Jesus.

v. 23 (Jesus acknowledges his time has come) Jesus replied, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.

v. 24 (but lays down a principle – death precedes new life) Very truly I tell you, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds.

v. 25 (and that applies to us ) Anyone who loves their life will lose it, while anyone who hates their life in this world will keep it for eternal life.

v. 26 (follow and serve and be honoured ) Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am, my servant also will be. My Father will honour the one who serves me.

v. 27 (he is troubled at the thought of what is to come) “Now my soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour'? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour.

v. 28 (the Father to be gloried acknowledges it) Father, glorify your name!” Then a voice came from heaven, “I have glorified it, and will glorify it again.”

v. 29 (the crowd hear something) The crowd that was there and heard it said it had thundered; others said an angel had spoken to him.

v. 30 (the voice was for them) Jesus said, “This voice was for your benefit, not mine.

v. 31 (judgment time is coming) Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out.

v. 32 (when he is lifted up it will release people to be drawn to him) And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.”

v. 33 (he refers to his death) He said this to show the kind of death he was going to die.

v. 34 (the crowd question) The crowd spoke up, “We have heard from the Law that the Messiah will remain forever, so how can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up' ? Who is this ‘Son of Man'?”

v. 35 (more on light and darkness) Then Jesus told them, “You are going to have the light just a little while longer. Walk while you have the light, before darkness overtakes you. Whoever walks in the dark does not know where they are going.

v. 36 (believe in the Light) Believe in the light while you have the light, so that you may become children of light.” When he had finished speaking, Jesus left and hid himself from them.

 

v.37-50 Belief and Unbelief Among the Jews

 

v. 37 (some still wouldn't believe) Even after Jesus had performed so many signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him.

v. 38-40 (this was to fulfil prophecy) This was to fulfil the word of Isaiah the prophet: “Lord, who has believed our message  and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” [Isa 53:1] For this reason they could not believe, because, as Isaiah says elsewhere: He has blinded their eyes   and hardened their hearts, so they can neither see with their eyes,nor understand with their hearts,   nor turn—and I would heal them.” [Isa 6:10 ]

v. 41 (Isaiah referred to Jesus) Isaiah said this because he saw Jesus' glory and spoke about him.

v. 42,43 (some leaders believed but wouldn't' say it openly) Yet at the same time many even among the leaders believed in him. But because of the Pharisees they would not openly acknowledge their faith for fear they would be put out of the synagogue; for they loved human praise more than praise from God.

v. 44 (believe in Jesus and you believe in God) Then Jesus cried out, “Whoever believes in me does not believe in me only, but in the one who sent me.

v. 45 (look at Jesus and you will see God) The one who looks at me is seeing the one who sent me.

v. 46 (he came as light) I have come into the world as a light, so that no one who believes in me should stay in darkness.

v. 47 (he's not come to judge but to save) “If anyone hears my words but does not keep them, I do not judge that person. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world.

v. 48 (yet their words of unbelief will condemn them) There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; the very words I have spoken will condemn them at the last day.

v. 49 (Jesus only spoke what his Father said) For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken.

v. 50 (God's command leads to eternal life) I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say.”