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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 13


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)





v.1-17   Jesus Washes His Disciples' Feet

v.18-30 Jesus Predicts His Betrayal

v.31-38 Jesus Predicts Peter's Denial



v.1-17 Jesus Washes His Disciples' Feet


v.1 (just before Passover Jesus shows his love for his disciples) It was just before the Passover Festival. Jesus knew that the hour had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end.

v.2 (the meal is under way) The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already prompted Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus.

v.3,4 (Jesus acted as a servant) Jesus knew that the Father had put all things under his power, and that he had come from God and was returning to God; so he got up from the meal, took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist.

v.5 (he started to wash the disciples' feet) After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples' feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him.

v.6 (Peter questions him ) He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, are you going to wash my feet?”

v.7 (Jesus says he will understand - later) Jesus replied, “You do not realize now what I am doing, but later you will understand.”

v.8 (Peter stops him. Jesus insists.) “No,” said Peter, “you shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered, “Unless I wash you, you have no part with me.”

v.9 (all of me then) “Then, Lord,” Simon Peter replied, “not just my feet but my hands and my head as well!”

v.10 (no, only your feet need it) Jesus answered, “Those who have had a bath need only to wash their feet; their whole body is clean. And you are clean, though not every one of you.”

v.11  (he refers obliquely to Judas) For he knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said not every one was clean.

v.12 (he stats teaching with a question) When he had finished washing their feet, he put on his clothes and returned to his place. “Do you understand what I have done for you?” he asked them.

v.13 (yes, I'm your lord) “You call me ‘Teacher' and ‘Lord,' and rightly so, for that is what I am.

v.14 (so if I do this so should you) Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another's feet.

v.15 (I've set you an example) I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you.

v.16 (it's a matter of obedience) Very truly I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him.

v.17 (you'll be blessed if you do it) Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.



v.18-30 Jesus Predicts His Betrayal


v.18 (he again obliquely refers to the betrayer) “I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have chosen. But this is to fulfil this passage of Scripture: ‘He who shared my bread has turned against me. '[Psa 41:9]

v.19 (you'll remember this later) “I am telling you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe that I am who I am.

v.20 (acceptance flows up to the Father) Very truly I tell you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me.”

v.21 (he speaks openly about the betrayer) After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “Very truly I tell you, one of you is going to betray me.”

v.22 (the disciples are confused) His disciples stared at one another, at a loss to know which of them he meant.

v.23 (John was next to him) One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him.

v.24 (Peter prodded John to ask Jesus who he meant) Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, “Ask him which one he means.”

v.25 (so he did) Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?”

v.26 (he told him to watch what he did) Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.

v.27 (Judas decides to do it and Jesus sends him off) As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. So Jesus told him, “What you are about to do, do quickly.”

v.28,29  (no one else understood) But no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him. Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the festival, or to give something to the poor.

v.30 (Jesus leaves in the dark) As soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night.



v.31-38 Jesus Predicts Peter's Denial


v.31 (Jesus affirms his time has come) When he was gone, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified and God is glorified in him.

v.32 (God will glorify him and he will glorify the Father) If God is glorified in him, God will glorify the Son in himself, and will glorify him at once.

v.33 (he has to leave soon) “My children, I will be with you only a little longer. You will look for me, and just as I told the Jews, so I tell you now: Where I am going, you cannot come.

v.34 (he issues an old command in a new form) “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.

v.35 (this will reveal they are his disciples) By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”

v.36 (Peter asks where he is going) Simon Peter asked him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus replied, “Where I am going, you cannot follow now, but you will follow later.”

v.37 (Peter proclaims his loyalty) Peter asked, “Lord, why can't I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.”

v.38 (Jesus replies that night Peter will disown him three times) Then Jesus answered, “Will you really lay down your life for me? Very truly I tell you, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times!