Easy Read Study Bible                                           Front Page

FRAMEWORKS: Paul's FIRST letter to Timothy

(Return to New Testament Contents)


Frameworks: 1 Timothy 1: INTRODUCTION



Why Read 1 Timothy: 1 Timothy is unique in the biblical canon in that it is one senior leader instructing a junior leader in respect of important points of leading a local church. A number of things perhaps stand out to us:.

•  First that Timothy has his ministry because God called him to it through prophecy. Such a beginning adds security to each of us.
•  Second, teaching sound doctrine and therefore ensuring that the church sticks to the truths of the gospel, is vital.
•  Third, understanding people is also vital, recognising that wolves come in sheep's clothing and therefore a) we need to see below the surface and b) we need to watch carefully what others are purporting to bring in Jesus' name. This includes being wise and careful about accepting into spiritual leadership and service only those who conform to God's criteria.
•  Finally, we are what we are and we continue to serve God, entirely by His grace. When we have this, we can aim for godliness and contentment in the confidence that those are God's goals for us.

Because it is not a particularly big letter, perhaps a reading goal might be three chapters at a time.



FRAMEWORKS: 1 Timothy 1

[Note: Because it is sometimes difficult to follow the flow of a letter like this, we have added a synopsis of each chapter & passage to help clarify where Paul is going with his writing.]


v.1,2     Opening Greetings

v.3-11   Timothy charged to oppose false teachers

v.12-17 The Lord's grace to Paul

v.18-20 The charge to Timothy renewed


[Chapter 1 Synopsis: All about ministry: Timothy to remain in Ephesus to deal with false teachers, those who abandoned the faith and now teach error. Remember Paul is a great example of how mercy and grace save sinners, so hold firm to your ministry which was prophesied over you.]



v.1,2 Opening Greetings


v.1 (from Paul the apostle) Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the command of God our Saviour and of Christ Jesus our hope,

v.2 (to Timothy his young protégé) To Timothy my true son in the faith: Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.



v.3-11 Timothy charged to oppose false teachers


[Passage Synopsis: Stay where you are to sort out wrong teaching.]


v.3,4 (stay in Ephesus to stop the false teaching that is happening) As I urged you when I went into Macedonia, stay there in Ephesus so that you may command certain people not to teach false doctrines any longer or to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies. Such things promote controversial speculations rather than advancing God's work  which is by faith.

v.5 (focus it with love and faith) The goal of this command is love, which comes from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith.

v.6 (some have gone astray) Some have departed from these and have turned to meaningless talk.

v.7 (they unwisely want to be teachers) They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm.

v.8 (you need to know how to handle the law) We know that the law is good if one uses it properly.

v.9-11 (for the law is for the unrighteous wrong-doers, not for believers living under the gospel) We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious, for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, for the sexually immoral, for those practising homosexuality, for slave traders and liars and perjurers  and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine that conforms to the gospel concerning the glory of the blessed God, which he entrusted to me.



v.12-17 The Lord's grace to Paul


[Passage Synopsis: I'm a living example of how grace saves.]


v.12 (I'm thankful God called me into his service) I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who has given me strength, that he considered me trustworthy, appointing me to his service.

v.13 (although I was right off the rails, in mercy he called me) Even though I was once a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent man, I was shown mercy because I acted in ignorance and unbelief.

v.14 (he imparted his grace, faith and love in Christ) The grace of our Lord was poured out on me abundantly, along with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus.

v.15 (a key saying) Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners  of whom I am the worst.

v.16 (yet I am an example of mercy received) But for that very reason I was shown mercy so that in me, the worst of sinners, Christ Jesus might display his immense patience as an example for those who would believe in him and receive eternal life.

v.17 (so to Him be glory and honour) Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.



v.18-20 The charge to Timothy renewed


[Passage Synopsis: Timothy, fulfil the ministry given you through prophecy.]


v.18,19 (minister in accord with the prophecies you received) Timothy, my son, I am giving you this command in keeping with the prophecies once made about you, so that by recalling them you may fight the battle well, holding on to faith and a good conscience, which some have rejected and so have suffered shipwreck with regard to the faith.

v.20 (two at least have abandoned their faith and will be disciplined) Among them are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have handed over to Satan to be taught not to blaspheme.



Continue to Chapter 2