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Introduction to the Books of the Bible

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BOOK : Nahum

Description : A Condemnation of Nineveh, the Assyrian capital at the time.

Author: an unknown Nahum

Date written : Somewhere between 663 (fall of Thebes) and 612 (fall of Nineveh), possibly about 630BC

Chapters : 3


Brief Synopsis:


•  Prophecies probably during the reign of Josiah, all about the downfall of Nineveh


Outline :


Ch.1 Nineveh 's Judge

1:2-8 The Lord's Kindness and Sternness

1:9-15 Nineveh 's Overthrow and Judah 's Joy

Ch.2 Nineveh 's Judgment

2:1-10 Nineveh Besieged

2:11-13 Nineveh 's Desolation Contrasted with Her Former Glory

Ch.3 Nineveh's Total Destruction

3:1-4 Nineveh 's Sins

3:5-19 Nineveh 's Doom


Key Verses :


A very specific book

1:1 An oracle concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.


A principle stated

1:3 The LORD is slow to anger and great in power; the LORD will not leave the guilty unpunished.


Reference to the surrounding water which will in fact be her downfall (see below)

1:7,8 The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him, but with an overwhelming flood he will make an end of Nineveh ; he will pursue his foes into darkness.
3:8 Are you better than Thebes, situated on the Nile, with water around her? The river was her defense, the waters her wall.



Concluding Comments


•  The book is all about Nineveh , its pride and its power and its coming downfall.
•  If we may quote from our Bible Study notes (see below): “Read Nahum as if it is a modern TV documentary. Because it is highly prophetic, the prophet sees future things as if they are the present. There are incredibly graphic and accurate descriptions of what is going to happen to Nineveh.”

•  The interesting thing is the actual historical downfall of Nineveh. We quote from those same Bible Study notes:

“Assyria had grown and in 705BC Nineveh was made its capital. It was a great city with great walls but with the water of rivers surrounding and protecting her. About 630BC Nahum prophesied these things. In 612 Nineveh was destroyed. How? The Medes, Persians and Scythians came against it but the walls were too great for them. After a 3 month siege heavy rains raised the river levels to such an extend they broke into the city and the walls collapsed. Nineveh fell by an act of God – just as He said!”



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