Teaching and Proverbs of King Solomon (mostly)
Various – see below
written : sometimes mostly
in Solomon's reign, probably somewhere about 950BC
Gets its name very obviously from the
fact that it is made up of Proverbs written by King Solomon
The first 9 chapters tend to be personal
speaking to his sons but thereafter every chapter is made up of a number
of proverbs from the different writers
Father to Son(s) : The Superiority of the Way of Wisdom
The Main Collection of Solomon's Proverbs
Sayings of the Wise
Hezekiah's Collection of Solomon's Proverbs
The Sayings of Agur
The Sayings of King Lemuel
Epilogue: The Ideal Wife
purpose of the book
proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel :
for attaining wisdom
words of insight;
for acquiring a
disciplined and prudent life, doing what is right and just and fair;
for giving prudence
to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the young - let the wise
listen and add to their learning, and let the discerning get guidance
proverbs and parables, the sayings and riddles of the wise.
basic teaching of wisdom
in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding;
in all your ways acknowledge him, and
he will make your paths straight. Do not be wise in your own eyes; fear
the LORD and shun evil. This will bring health to your body and nourishment
to your bones. Honor the LORD with your wealth, with the first fruits
of all your crops; then your barns will be filled to overflowing, and
your vats will brim over with new wine.
from Fathers to sons
I was a boy in my father's house, still tender, and an only child of
my mother, he taught me and said, "Lay hold of my words with all
your heart; keep my commands and you will live. Get
wisdom, get understanding; do not forget my words or swerve from them.
Do not forsake wisdom, and she will protect you; love her, and she will
watch over you.
personified – a beautiful picture of the Son with the Father at Creation
LORD brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of
old; I was appointed from eternity, from the beginning, before the world
began. When there were no oceans, I was given birth, when there were
no springs abounding with water; before the mountains were settled in
place, before the hills, I was given birth, before he made the earth
or its fields or any of the dust of the world. I was there when he set
the heavens in place, when he marked out the horizon on the face of
the deep, when he established the clouds above and fixed securely the
fountains of the deep, when he gave the sea its boundary so the waters
would not overstep his command, and when he marked out the foundations
of the earth. Then I was the craftsman at his side. I was filled with
delight day after day, rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in
his whole world and delighting in mankind.
almost random selection to show styles
where one half is the opposite of the other half (most are like this)
hands make a man poor, but diligent hands bring wealth.
fool finds pleasure in evil conduct, but a man of understanding
delights in wisdom.
righteousness of the upright delivers them, but the unfaithful
are trapped by evil desires.
loves discipline loves knowledge, but he who hates correction
where one half matches the other half
who winks maliciously causes grief, and a chattering fool comes
who conceals his hatred has lying lips, and whoever spreads
slander is a fool.
a gold ring in a pig's snout is a beautiful woman who shows
the way of righteousness there is life; along that path is immortality.
perverse man stirs up dissension, and a gossip separates close
Instructive Proverbs, i.e. you should do this (they come in different
much better to get wisdom than gold, to choose understanding rather
a quarrel is like breaching a dam; so drop the matter before a dispute
breaks out .
gossip betrays a confidence; so avoid a man who talks too much.
not move an ancient boundary stone set
up by your forefathers.
These are rare until you come to the ‘wise sayings' in chapter 22, and
they make us realise that most ‘proverbs' are basically principles of
life and obviously there is implied, in Solomon's mind, that you would
do well to heed these things)
where one half declares a consequence of the other
to the LORD whatever you do, and your plans will succeed.
to advice and accept instruction, and in the end you will be wise.
man who strays from the path of understanding comes to rest in the company
of the dead.
not speak to a fool, for he will scorn the wisdom of your words.
subjects to check out:
11:29, 12:15,16, 13:16, 14:16, 15:2,5,14, 17:7,10,12,16,21,28, 18:2,
19:1, 20:3, 23:9, 24:7, 26:1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12, 27:3,22, 28:26, 29:9,11,20,
Wise: 1:5,6, 3:7,35, 6:6,
8:33, 9:8,9,12, 10:1,5,8,14,19, 11:29,30, 12:15,18, 13:1,14,20, 14:1,3,16,24,35,
15:2,7,12,20,24,31, 16:14,21,23, 17:2,28, ,18:15, 19:20, 20:1,26, etc.
Righteous : 2:20, 3:33,
4:18, 9:9, 10:3,6,7,11,16,20,21,24,25,28,,29,30,31,32, 11:8,9,10,19,21,23,28,30,31,
12:3,5,7,10,12,13,21,26, 13:5,9,21,22,25 etc. etc.
Tongue: 6:17,24, 10:19,20,31,
11:12, 12:18,19, 15:2,4, 16:1, 17:1,4,20,28, 18:21, 21:6,23, 25:15,23,
26:28, 28:23, 31:26
yourself to see what words come up often.
Proverbs is an unusual book in that although
it is teaching it isn't easily absorbed teaching.
Yes, it can be read straight through (esp.
passages like Ch.1-9 or Ch.31) and in some measure individual proverbs
are good for meditation purposes.
Proverbs is a book that is either loved
or hated – but you'll have to read it before you know which person you
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