historical book telling of the return after exile and rebuilding of
the walls of Jerusalem
a scribe, possibly Ezra.
Originally written as one book with Nehemiah
written : probably about
440 or 430BC
Gets its name from the main figure in
In the city of Susa , Nehemiah hears about
the state of Jerusalem
The way is made open for him to return
to Jerusalem to rebuild it
Despite opposition, this he brings about
Reforms are brought about
Nehemiah's First Administration
Nehemiah's Response to the Situation in Jerusalem
Nehemiah's Journey to Jerusalem
List of the Builders of the Wall
Opposition to Rebuilding the Wall
Social and Economic Problems
The Wall Rebuilt Despite Opposition
List of Exiles
Ezra's Preaching and the Outbreak of Revival
New Residents of Judah and Jerusalem
Lists of Priests and the Dedication of the Wall
Nehemiah's Second Administration
Abuses during His Absence
Reorganization and Reforms
one of my brothers, came from Judah with some other men, and I questioned
them about the Jewish remnant that survived the exile, and also about
Jerusalem . They
said to me, "Those who survived the exile and are back in the province
are in great trouble and disgrace. The wall of Jerusalem is broken down,
and its gates have been burned with fire." When I heard these things,
I sat down and wept. For some days I mourned and fasted and prayed before
the God of heaven
answered the king, "If it pleases the king and if your servant
has found favor in his sight, let him send me to the city in Judah where
my fathers are buried so that I can rebuild it." ….. because the
gracious hand of my God was upon me, the king granted my requests
indications of opposition
Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about
this, they were very much disturbed that someone had come to promote
the welfare of the Israelites.
officials did not know where I had gone or what I was doing, because
as yet I had said nothing to the Jews or the priests or nobles or officials
or any others who would be doing the work. Then
I said to them, "You see the trouble we are in: Jerusalem lies
in ruins, and its gates have been burned with fire. Come, let us rebuild
the wall of Jerusalem , and we will no longer be in disgrace."
I also told them about the gracious hand of my God upon me and what
the king had said to me. They replied, "Let us start rebuilding."
So they began this good work.
when Sanballat the Horonite, Tobiah the Ammonite official and Geshem
the Arab heard about it, they mocked and ridiculed us. "What is
this you are doing?" they asked. "Are you rebelling against
the king?" I answered them by saying, "The God of heaven will
give us success. We his servants will start rebuilding, but as for you,
you have no share in Jerusalem or any claim or historic right to it."
the wall had been rebuilt and I had set the doors in place, the gatekeepers
and the singers and the Levites were appointed. I put in charge of Jerusalem
my brother Hanani, along with Hananiah the commander of the citadel,
because he was a man of integrity and feared God more than most men
do. I said to them, "The gates of Jerusalem are not to be opened
until the sun is hot. While the gatekeepers are still on duty, have
them shut the doors and bar them. Also appoint residents of Jerusalem
as guards, some at their posts and some near their own houses."
assembled as one man in the square before the Water Gate. They told
Ezra the scribe to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses, which the
LORD had commanded for Israel . So on the first day of the seventh month
Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly, which was made
up of men and women and all who were able to understand. He read it
aloud from daybreak till noon as he faced the square before the Water
Gate in the presence of the men, women and others who could understand.
And all the people listened attentively to the Book of the Law……
Levites--Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah,
Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan and Pelaiah--instructed the
people in the Law while the people were standing there. They read from
the Book of the Law of God, making it clear and giving the meaning so
that the people could understand what was being read.
the twenty-fourth day of the same month, the Israelites gathered together,
fasting and wearing sackcloth and having dust on their heads. Those
of Israelite descent had separated themselves from all foreigners. They
stood in their places and confessed their sins and the wickedness of
their fathers. They stood where they were and read from the Book of
the Law of the LORD their God for a quarter of the day, and spent another
quarter in confession and in worshiping the LORD their God.
rest of the people--priests, Levites, gatekeepers, singers, temple servants
and all who separated themselves from the neighboring peoples for the
sake of the Law of God, together with their wives and all their sons
and daughters who are able to understand-- all these now join their
brothers the nobles, and bind themselves with a curse and an oath to
follow the Law of God given through Moses the servant of God and to
obey carefully all the commands, regulations and decrees of the LORD
the leaders of the people settled in Jerusalem , and the rest of the
people cast lots to bring one out of every ten to live in Jerusalem
, the holy city, while the remaining nine were to stay in their own
towns. The people commended all the men who volunteered to live in Jerusalem
returns and starts correcting wrongs
was not in Jerusalem , for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king
of Babylon I had returned to the king. Some time later I asked his permission
and came back to Jerusalem .
Passages for Reading & Study
are a number of phases within this book, or episodes that bear study.
We suggest the following:
Nehemiah's response to the news of Jerusalem
and his handling the king Ch.1,2
The stages of opposition and means of
overcoming 2:10 / 2:19,20 / 4:1-5 / 4:7-18 / 6:1-14
The revival that took place Ch.8-10
The dedicating of the walls of Jerusalem
12:27 - 13:3
Correcting wrong administration 13:6-31
Observing the heart and wise actions of
Nehemiah brings lessons to us that are worth learning.
The opposition they received and the ways
they overcame should similarly remind us of the warfare in which we
are engaged and the ways to overcome.
Why, the reader might ask, is such attention
given to rebuilding the walls of this city? An answer might be because
walls delineate boundaries and establish identity and provide protection.
All of these were needed for the newly re-established people of God
and in the moral and spiritual sphere they are needed for us who are
Bible Studies on this site: