historical book telling of the ups and downs of the reign of King David
Possibly a combination
of Samuel, Nathan and Gad
written : somewhere about
the turn of the first millennium BC
Gets its name from 1 Samuel of which
it was originally the second part
In it we see David as King of Judah
and then of the whole of Israel.
He captures Jerusalem and eventually
establishes the Ark in it.
He becomes a great king.
Then he lusts after the wife of another
and arranges for the death of her husband.
He is chastised by the Lord and the
following events are the Lord's disciplining him.
David established as Israel 's second king
David's lament over Saul & Jonathan
David as king over Judah
David as king over all Israel
Blessing on David
Final reflections on David's reign
mourns for deaths of Saul and Jonathan
mourned and wept and fasted till evening for Saul and his son Jonathan,
and for the army of the LORD and the house of Israel , because they
had fallen by the sword.
becomes king of Judah and vanquishes Saul's family
the course of time, David inquired of the LORD. "Shall I go up
to one of the towns of Judah ?" he asked. The LORD said, "Go
up." David asked, "Where shall I go?" "To Hebron,"
the LORD answered….. Then
the men of Judah came to Hebron and there they anointed David king over
the house of Judah .
war between the house of Saul and the house of David lasted a long time.
David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul grew weaker
mourns that Abner has been murdered
(Of Abner) Then
the king said to his men, "Do you not realize that a prince and
a great man has fallen in Israel this day? And today, though I am the
anointed king, I am weak, and these sons of Zeruiah are too strong for
me. May the LORD repay the evildoer according to his evil deeds!”
established as King of Israel
the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, "We are
your own flesh and blood. In the past, while Saul was king over us,
you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the
LORD said to you, `You will shepherd my people Israel , and you will
become their ruler.' " When
all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron , the king
made a compact with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed
David king over Israel . David was thirty years old when he became king,
and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years
and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah
David went down and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-Edom
to the City of David with rejoicing. They brought the ark of the LORD
and set it in its place inside the tent that David had pitched for it,
and David sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings before
the LORD. After he had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and
fellowship offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD
the king was settled in his palace and the LORD had given him rest from
all his enemies around him, he said to Nathan the prophet, "Here
I am, living in a palace of cedar, while the ark of God remains in a
LORD declares to you that the LORD himself will establish a house for
you: When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will
raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own
body, and I will establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build
a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom
LORD gave David victory wherever he went.
the spring, at the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out
with the king's men and the whole Israelite army. They destroyed the
Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. But David remained in Jerusalem. One
evening David got up from his bed and walked around on the roof of the
palace. From the roof he saw a woman bathing. The woman was very beautiful,
and David sent someone to find out about her. The man said, "Isn't
this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam and the wife of Uriah the Hittite?"
Then David sent messengers to get her. She came to him, and he slept
In the morning
David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah. In it he wrote,
"Put Uriah in the front line where the fighting is fiercest. Then
withdraw from him so he will be struck down and die." So while
Joab had the city under siege, he put Uriah at a place where he knew
the strongest defenders were. When the men of the city came out and
fought against Joab, some of the men in David's army fell; moreover,
Uriah the Hittite died.
is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: `I anointed you king over
Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul. I gave your master's
house to you, and your master's wives into your arms. I gave you the
house of Israel and Judah . And if all this had been too little, I would
have given you even more. Why did you despise the word of the LORD by
doing what is evil in his eyes? You struck down Uriah the Hittite with
the sword and took his wife to be your own. You killed him with the
sword of the Ammonites. Now, therefore, the sword will never depart
from your house, because you despised me and took the wife of Uriah
the Hittite to be your own.' "This is what the LORD says: `Out
of your own household I am going to bring calamity upon you. Before
your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to one who is close
to you, and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight. You did it
in secret, but I will do this thing in broad daylight before all Israel
messenger came and told David, "The hearts of the men of Israel
are with Absalom." Then David said to all his officials who were
with him in Jerusalem, "Come! We must flee, or none of us will
escape from Absalom. We must leave immediately, or he will move quickly
to overtake us and bring ruin upon us and put the city to the sword."
army marched into the field to fight Israel , and the battle took place
in the forest of Ephraim. There the army of Israel was defeated by David's
men, and the casualties that day were great--twenty thousand men…..
And ten of Joab's armor-bearers surrounded Absalom, struck him and killed
numbers Israel (Pride) & is judged
the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and he incited David against
them, saying, "Go and take a census of Israel and Judah."
So the king said to Joab and the army commanders with him, "Go
throughout the tribes of Israel from Dan to Beersheba and enroll the
fighting men, so that I may know how many there are." But Joab
replied to the king, "May the LORD your God multiply the troops
a hundred times over, and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. But
why does my lord the king want to do such a thing?" The king's
word, however, overruled Joab and the army commanders; so they left
the presence of the king to enroll the fighting men of Israel .
was conscience-stricken after he had counted the fighting men, and he
said to the LORD, "I have sinned greatly in what I have done. Now,
O LORD, I beg you, take away the guilt of your servant. I have done
a very foolish thing." Before David got up the next morning, the
word of the LORD had come to Gad the prophet, David's seer: "Go
and tell David, `This is what the LORD says: I am giving you three options.
Choose one of them for me to carry out against you.' "
As you may have gathered from all the
headings above, 2 Samuel is really all about David.
It starts revealing his heart of compassion
as he mourns the deaths of Saul and Jonathan.
We then saw him becoming king over all
Israel and establishing himself as a warrior king who clearly has
the blessing of the Lord upon him.
Despite all this we then have his fall
in respect of Bathsheba and Uriah.
It is said that much is demanded of
him whop has been trusted with much, and this may explain the discipline
that comes upon David as a result of that failure.
Similarly later on, the Lord (via Satan
– see Chronicles) provokes him to do what he is commanded not to do
– number his army as an act of pride, and open the way for judgment
to fall on the nation (which it deserves) in such a manner that David,
the shepherd-king will feel anguish for his sheep.
This story of David has its ups and
downs and in that respect is not comfortable, but it contains many
lessons that we would do well to heed.
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