|Series Theme: Who is God?|
Title: 2. Jesus the Son
This page provides notes for anyone, Christian or non-Christian who wishes to look up for themselves what the Bible teaches about the person of God, in the form of Jesus, His Son.
The subject of the Lord Jesus Christ is so vast that we could go on for ever and ever considering who he is and what he has done. Therefore all we have done is to pick out some facets of this subject being very much aware that there is much we have left out.
1. His Pre-Existence
1.1 Messianic Hope
Throughout the Old Testament there is evidence, first of all, that the coming of Jesus was not a last minute thought from God, but was the clear pre-planning of God.
The Jews expected One to come who would be:
In the OT the Jews saw the coming One as a compilation of:
1.2 The Plurality of God
In the Old Testament there are little clues that lead us to be the belief that Jesus already existed with His Father, before he manifested himself on earth in human form:
1.3 Jesus' Own Words
1.4 New Testament Testimony
2. Divine and Human
2.1 Heresies and the Importance of this Doctrine:
From just these two illustrations, and history furnishes many more, we can see that many have struggled with the concept of the divinity and humanity of Christ and have arrived at non-Biblical conclusions.
2.2 The Divinity of Christ
a) In OT prophetically - Isa 9:6 "a child is born....his name shall be called....Mighty God"
b) In the NT:-
2.3 The Humanity of Christ
2.4 The Nature of the Union
a) It was Complete:
b) It was Permanent:
3. Facets of Sonship
3.1 Subordination of Son to Father
The Bible shows Jesus as one of the personalities of the Godhead, but it always shows him as subordinate to the Father: Phil 2:8 ". ..being in very nature God did not consider equality with God something to be grasped."
3.2 Areas of Subordination :
3. 3 Attributes and Natures of the Son
Attributes are essential characteristics that make something what it is and not something else.
The attributes of God we considered in the study on "God" being Omniscience, Omnipresence, Omnipotence, Transcendence (being apart from the Universe), Unchangability, Immortality, Infinity, Holiness, Wisdom, Love.
A person's nature is the essence of what they are. We speak of human nature or divine nature. The divine nature is Spirit with the attributes noted above. Human nature is flesh + soul.
c ) The Word made Flesh:
When Christ became flesh there was the UNITING OF TWO NATURES, i.e. the divine and the human. Neither nature became less but became ONE person. Similarly the two sets of attributes mix but remain the same.
Thus human nature was seen: Jesus wearied (In 4:6), needed to sleep (Mk 4:38 ), needed strengthening (Lk 22:43 ,44), hungered (Mt 4:2), thirsted (In 19:28 ), was limited in knowledge (Mt 24:36), was limited in location.
But divine nature is also there BUT LITTLE USED OR EXPRESSED.
See Mt 18:20 I Mk 2:5-7 etc.
The divine attributes were there through the Divine Spirit in Jesus and so he never ceased to be God. The importance of this is seen in the next Part of the study.
4. The Work of the Cross
4.1 The Centrality of the Cross
Christ was sinless so did not die for his own sin, but was God's substitute for you and me who DO deserve death.
= to appease, to atone, to make up for
5. His Position Today
• Rom 8:34 - at God's right hand
• Heb 2:8,9 - crowned with glory
• 1 Cor 15:25 - reigning
• Eph 1:22 - all things under his feet
• 1 Pet 3:22 - all authorities in submission to him
• Isa 9:7 - his rule increasing
6. The Names of Jesus (in John's Gospel)
In the Fourth Gospel, John reveals Jesus to us in ways that were perhaps not yet understood by the Synoptic writers. He picks up and uses Jesus' teaching about himself using particular picture language phrases. Some of the phrases have Old Testament origins, others don't. The following are some examples of this.
NB. Some of the names Jesus declared of himself with the preceeding word, "! am". There is a subtle echo here of the name of the godhead as found in Exodus 3:14.
7. His Future