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FRAMEWORKS: Zechariah 9: God bringing about triumph for His people


PART 1: v.1-8: Judgment on Israel's enemies

PART 2: v.9-13: The Coming of Zion's king

PART 3: v.14-17: The Coming of the Lord


[Preliminary Comment: The reassurances of God coming to bless His people in the previous chapter, are expanded in three ways,

In Part 1, it means His coming to deal with all those who in the past have been a thorn in Israel's side whether by occasional incursions or outright warfare. Thus there is a long list or places, both north and south, who now come under God's spotlight and subsequent judgment [v.1-8], the object of which appear to be a purging to leave only the faithful ones left [v.7] to usher in a new era of security [v.8].

In Part 2 this is followed by the promise of one the Lord will send to rule [v.9] and bring peace [v.10] through covenantal deliverance [v.11] and hope for returning exiles [v.12] who the Lord will take and make into a weapon of triumph against enemies [v.13].

In Part 3 a further facet of this is explained as God Himself coming over them as a shield [v.14,15] and enabler to be this triumphant people, revealing how wonderful He has made them [v.16,17]. A truly reassuring chapter for the returned exiles.]



PART 1: v.1-8: Judgment on Israel's enemies


v.1 -8 The Lord speaks against a number of cities that had opposed Israel


v.1   A prophecy:

The word of the Lord is against the land of Hadrak [the most northern of places mentioned]
    and will come to rest on Damascus  [capital of Syria in the north]
for the eyes of all people and all the tribes of Israel
    are on the Lord 
v.2  and on Hamath [also in the north] too, which borders on it,
    and on Tyre and Sidon,
[on the coast in the north] though they are very skilful.
v.3  Tyre has built herself a stronghold;
    she has heaped up silver like dust,
    and gold like the dirt of the streets.
v.4  But the Lord will take away her possessions
    and destroy her power on the sea,
    and she will be consumed by fire.
v.5  Ashkelon will see it and fear;
    Gaza will writhe in agony,
    and Ekron too, for her hope will wither.
Gaza will lose her king
    and Ashkelon will be deserted.
v.6  A mongrel people will occupy Ashdod, [all cities of the Philistines in the south west]
    and I will put an end to the pride of the Philistines.
v.7  I will take the blood from their mouths,
    the forbidden food from between their teeth.
Those who are left will belong to our God
    and become a clan in Judah,
    and Ekron will be like the Jebusites.
v.8  But I will encamp at my temple
    to guard it against marauding forces.
Never again will an oppressor overrun my people,
    for now I am keeping watch.


[Notes: Cities and peoples of both the north and the south will be answerable to the Lord for having come against God's people. The general condemnation of places in verses 1 to 5 becomes a clarification from verse 7 that God will bring a purging that will leave only those who are faithful and verse 8 opens the way for what follows, God not only watching over this, but coming with new leadership [v.9-13] a direct involvement [v.14-17] to bring transformation.]



PART 2: v.9-13: The Coming of Zion's king


v.9 A king will come to Jerusalem .


v.9  Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!
    Shout, Daughter Jerusalem!
See, your king comes to you,
    righteous and victorious,
lowly and riding on a donkey,
    on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

v.10 . who will bring peace to the nations


v.10  I will take away the chariots from Ephraim
    and the war-horses from Jerusalem,
    and the battle-bow will be broken.
He will proclaim peace to the nations.
    His rule will extend from sea to sea
    and from the River to the ends of the earth.

v.11 Because of our covenant, I will bring you life not death

v.11  As for you, because of the blood of my covenant with you, [see Ex 24:8 ]
    I will free your prisoners from the waterless pit.

v.12 You who lived in hope, return to Jerusalem and be doubly blessed

v.12  Return to your fortress, you prisoners of hope;
    even now I announce that I will restore twice as much to you.

v.13 I will make you into a weapon that defeat even mighty Greece

v.13  I will bend Judah as I bend my bow
    and fill it with Ephraim.
I will rouse your sons, Zion,
    against your sons, Greece,
    and make you like a warrior's sword.


[Notes: Verse 9 occurs in Mt 21:5 & Jn 12:15 referring to Jesus, the Messiah, perfectly fulfilling this prophecy. Here the prophecy is of God giving Israel new leadership [v.9] which will result in peace, [v.10], hope [v.11,12] security, restoration, and triumph over enemies. [v.13] A complete transformation.]



PART 3: v.14-17: The Coming of the Lord


v.14,15a God will come and be the protection over His people and their leader

v.14  Then the Lord will appear over them;
    his arrow will flash like lightning.
The Sovereign Lord will sound the trumpet;
    he will march in the storms of the south,
v.15  and the Lord Almighty will shield them.

v.15b He will turn them into a triumphant force

They will destroy
    and overcome with slingstones.
They will drink and roar as with wine;
    they will be full like a bowl
    used for sprinkling the corners of the altar.

v.16,17 He will not only protect them but make them beautiful


v.16  The Lord their God will save his people on that day
    as a shepherd saves his flock.
They will sparkle in his land
    like jewels in a crown.
v.17  How attractive and beautiful they will be!
    Grain will make the young men thrive,
    and new wine the young women.


[Notes: It appears that God will come to His people in a new way whereby He acts as both a protector and an encourager-enabler to help His people know a new security as they go to battle against their enemies.]



Continue to Chapter 10