Easy Read Study Bible                                           Front Page

FRAMEWORKS: Paul's letter to Titus

(Return to New Testament Contents)


Frameworks: Titus: INTRODUCTION


Why Read Titus: This little ‘book' is a gem of simplicity where Paul writes to Titus who he left on Crete and encourages him to establish the churches (ch.1) by appointing elders (otherwise know in Paul's letters as pastors or overseers) and resist the false teaching that abounds among the ungodly on the island. Paul directs Titus in his teaching to the various groups within the churches laying out the basics of the nature of the lives we are to lead (Ch.2 &3). Easily read in one sitting.


To go directly:   Titus 2       Titus 3



[Note: Because it is sometimes difficult to follow the flow of Paul's letter, we have added a synopsis of each chapter & passage to help clarify where Paul is going with his writing.]


v.1-4 Paul's Greeting to Titus
v.5-9 Titus' Task of Appointing Elders
v.10-16 Titus' Role in Rebuking the Rebellious Unrighteous


[Chapter Synopsis: Establish the churches on Crete more firmly by appointing elders and deal with those ungodly, disruptive teachers on the island.]


v.1-4 Paul's Greeting to Titus

[Passage Synopsis: Paul goes to some length to lay out his role and calling, almost it seems as if to say to Titus, this is the same for you.)


v.1-3 (Paul: servant & apostle, to draw in God's elect and lead them into godliness through the gospel) Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ to further the faith of God's elect and their knowledge of the truth that leads to godliness— in the hope of eternal life, which God, who does not lie, promised before the beginning of time, and which now at his appointed season he has brought to light through the preaching entrusted to me by the command of God our Savior,

v.4 (to son in the faith, Titus) To Titus, my true son in our common faith:

Grace and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior.



v.5-9 Titus' Task of Appointing Elders


[Passage Synopsis: Titus has to set up elders in each of the churches on Crete – their requirements, positive, negatives and more positives.]


v.5 (Titus, appoint elders) The reason I left you in Crete was that you might put in order what was left unfinished and appoint[ a ] elders in every town, as I directed you.

v.6-8 (these are their character requirements) An elder must be blameless , faithful to his wife, a man whose children believe and are not open to the charge of being wild and disobedient. Since an overseer manages God's household, he must be blameless— not overbearing, not quick-tempered, not given to drunkenness, not violent, not pursuing dishonest gain. Rather, he must be hospitable , one who loves what is good, who is self-controlled, upright, holy and disciplined .

v.9 (one who holds to the truth taught by us, to encourage the saints, oppose the unbelievers) He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he can encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it.



v.10-16 Titus' Role in Rebuking the Rebellious Unrighteous


[Passage Synopsis: Paul addresses the problem of ungodly and unrighteous disrupting false teachers who Titus will have to oppose.]


v.10 (be aware of ‘the opposition') For there are many rebellious people, full of meaningless talk and deception, especially those of the circumcision group.

v.11 (silence their disturbing false teaching) They must be silenced, because they are disrupting whole households by teaching things they ought not to teach—and that for the sake of dishonest gain.

v.12 (the Cretan philosopher Epimenides condemned such people) One of Crete's own prophets has said it: “Cretans are always liars, evil brutes, lazy gluttons.”

v.13 (he was right, so rebuke them) This saying is true. Therefore rebuke them sharply, so that they will be sound in the faith and will pay no attention to Jewish myths or to the merely human commands of those who reject the truth.

v.15 (the pure bring purity, the corrupt bring corruption) To the pure, all things are pure, but to those who are corrupted and do not believe, nothing is pure. In fact, both their minds and consciences are corrupted.

v.16 (what they say about themselves is untrue) They claim to know God, but by their actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient and unfit for doing anything good.




v.1-11 Titus' Role in Teaching different groups

v.12-15 The Purpose of the Outworking of the Gospel to be taught


[Chapter Synopsis: Recognise the needs of the various groups within the congregations and teach them accordingly, particularly emphasizing the new lives we are now to live.]



v.1-11 Titus' Role in Teaching different groups


[Passage Synopsis: When it comes to teaching, recognise different groups have different needs so apply the teaching accordingly.]


v.1 (in contrast, Titus is to teach sound doctrine) You, however, must teach what is appropriate to sound doctrine.

v.2 (reaching out to the older men in the churches…)  Teach the older men to be temperate, worthy of respect, self-controlled, and sound in faith, in love and in endurance.

v.3 ( … and to the older women..) Likewise, teach the older women to be reverent in the way they live, not to be slanderers or addicted to much wine, but to teach what is good.

v.4,5  (… who will then teach the younger women) Then they can urge the younger women to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled and pure, to be busy at home, to be kind, and to be subject to their husbands, so that no one will malign the word of God.

v.6 (encourage the young men believers) Similarly, encourage the young men to be self-controlled.

v.7,8 (and in everything be a good example, especially in your teaching) In everything set them an example by doing what is good. In your teaching show integrity, seriousness and soundness of speech that cannot be condemned, so that those who oppose you may be ashamed because they have nothing bad to say about us.

v.9,10 (don't forget those who are slaves who are believers)  Teach slave s to be subject to their masters in everything, to try to please them, not to talk back to them, and not to steal from them, but to show that they can be fully trusted, so that in every way they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive.

v.11 (for God's grace is available for all ) For the grace of God has appeared that offers salvation to all people.



v.12-15 The Purpose of the Outworking of the Gospel to be taught


[Passage Synopsis: The basis of all Titus' teaching is the recognition that the grace and Spirit of God is working to create holy and righteous lives, from now until Christ comes again.]


v.12-14 (God's grace rejects ungodliness & self-centred passions, and seeks to develop Christlike characteristics, until he comes again) It teaches us to say “No” to ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright and godly lives in this present age, while we wait for the blessed hope—the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify for himself a people that are his very own, eager to do what is good.

v.15 (this is to be the basis of your teaching) These, then, are the things you should teach. Encourage and rebuke with all authority. Do not let anyone despise you.




v.1-11 Lives transformed by the Work of Christ

v.12-15 Final Remarks

[Chapter Synopsis: Include in your teaching right attitudes to rulers & authorities but also paint the big picture of the sort of lives we are now to live that contrast with what we once were. Finally some administrative guidance for the travelling apostles.]



v.1-11 Lives transformed by the Work of Christ


[Passage Synopsis: teaching on right attitudes towards authorities, remembering what we used to be like, but contrasting that with what we are now called to be.]


v.1,2 (teach respect and obedience to authorities, revealing goodness, truth, peace and gentleness) Remind the people to be subject to rulers and authorities, to be obedient, to be ready to do whatever is good, to slander no one, to be peaceable and considerate, and always to be gentle toward everyone.

v.3 (yes, remember what we were once like) At one time we too were foolish, disobedient, deceived and enslaved by all kinds of passions and pleasures. We lived in malice and envy, being hated and hating one another.

v.4-7 (but also that that has now in the past since we have been saved and renewed to a new life) But when the kindness and love of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that, having been justified by his grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life.

v.8 (hold those basic truths and teach them clearly so all the believers may apply them) This is a trustworthy saying. And I want you to stress these things, so that those who have trusted in God may be careful to devote themselves to doing what is good. These things are excellent and profitable for everyone.

v.9 (avoiding disputes over the truth) But avoid foolish controversies and genealogies and arguments and quarrels about the law, because these are unprofitable and useless.

v.10 (carefully deal with divisive people) Warn a divisive person once, and then warn them a second time. After that, have nothing to do with them.

v.11 (they condemn themselves) You may be sure that such people are warped and sinful; they are self-condemned.



v.12-15 Final Remarks


[Passage Synopsis: His final remarks indicate the amount of movement that went on among the apostles, as the Spirit led them and as needs required.]

v.12 (after I've sent reinforcements there, seek to come to me) As soon as I send Artemas or Tychicus to you, do your best to come to me at Nicopolis, because I have decided to winter there.

v.13 (help and prepare the two who have to move on) Do everything you can to help Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way and see that they have everything they need.

v.14 (help our people clearly see who they ought to be) Our people must learn to devote themselves to doing what is good, in order to provide for urgent needs and not live unproductive lives.

v.15 (greetings from all here, greet those with you we know and love) Everyone with me sends you greetings. Greet those who love us in the faith.

Grace be with you all.



Return to top of page