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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Paul's letter to the Romans

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Frameworks: Romans 10

 

(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

         

 

CHAPTER 10

v.1-21 Lots of warnings to Israel through the prophets

v.1-7 A wrong zeal and Christ's righteousness
v.8-10 Receiving, believing, and speaking out the word of faith
v.11-21 Belief from the preached message, and unbelief

 

 

[Context: We continue to provide a brief summary of previous sections to provide present context:

Part 1: Ch.1-8: Our lost state & God's Justification & the New Life

Part 2: Ch.9-11 Considering the State of Israel

Ch.9 He considers the state of his own people, Israel, who might feel rejected when they see Gentiles entering the kingdom. He deals with God's sovereign choice. See notes at end of chapter 9]

Now he considers the misguided zeal of his own people, their need to receive and speak out by faith the words of the Gospel about Christ, and their failure to believe.

 

v.1-21 Lots of warnings to Israel through the prophets

 

v.1-7 A wrong zeal and Christ's righteousness

 

v.1 (Paul's desire is for Israel to be saved) Brothers and sisters, my heart's desire and prayer to God for the Israelites is that they may be saved.

v.2 (for they are zealous, even if wrongly based) For I can testify about them that they are zealous for God, but their zeal is not based on knowledge.

v.3 (they held onto their own self-righteousness instead of receiving God's) Since they did not know the righteousness of God and sought to establish their own, they did not submit to God's righteousness.

v.4 (Christ fulfils the Law to bring righteousness to all believers) Christ is the culmination of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes.

v.5 (Moses referred to this) Moses writes this about the righteousness that is by the law: “The person who does these things will live by them.” [Lev 18:5]

v.6,7 (God's righteousness expressed by faith doesn't deny Christ has gone back to heaven ) But the righteousness that is by faith says: “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?'” [Deut. 30:12] ( that is, to bring Christ down) (nor does it challenge he died) “or ‘Who will descend into the deep?'” [Deut 30:13] (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).

 

v.8-10 Receiving, believing, and speaking out the word

 

v.8 (but it trusts in the simple word of God) But what does it say? “The word is near you; it is in your mouth and in your heart,” [Deut 30:14] that is, the message concerning faith that we proclaim:

v.9 (that declaring your faith and believing it, brings salvation) If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.

v.10 (believe it and God justifies you, speak it out and work it out in everyday life) For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.

 

v.11-21 Belief from the preached message, and unbelief

 

v.11 (scripture promises you won't be shamed for believing) As Scripture says, “Anyone who believes in him will never be put to shame.” [Isa 28:16 (see Septuagint)]

v.12,13 (it matters not whether Jew or Gentile, it's the same for all, call on God by faith to save you) For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile—the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, for, “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.” [Joel 2:32]

v.14 (to believe you need to first hear) How, then, can they call on the one they have not believed in? And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them?

v.15 (the prophets spoke of such a bringer of good news) And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? As it is written: “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!” [Isa 52:7]

v.16 (but not everyone believed it) But not all the Israelites accepted the good news. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our message?” [Isa 53:1]

v.17 (thus faith is the response to hearing the word about Christ) Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word about Christ.

v.18 (didn't they hear? yes they did) But I ask: Did they not hear? Of course they did: Their voice has gone out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world.” [Psa 19:4]

v.19 (didn't they understand? Moses warned them) Again I ask: Did Israel not understand? First, Moses says, “I will make you envious by those who are not a nation; I will make you angry by a nation that has no understanding.” [Deut 32:21]

v.20 (but it also said the Gentiles would hear and believe) And Isaiah boldly says, “I was found by those who did not seek me; I revealed myself to those who did not ask for me.” [Isa 65:1]

v.21 (yet it confronted Israel with their unbelief) But concerning Israel he says, “All day long I have held out my hands  to a disobedient and obstinate people.” [Isa 65:2]