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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Paul's letter to the Romans

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Frameworks: Romans 1


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)




v.1-7 Opening Salutations

v.8-17 Paul's Longing to Visit Rome

v.18-31 God's Wrath Against Sinful Humanity



v.1-7 Opening Salutations


v.1-4 (Paul introduces himself, Christ's servant, an apostle called to preach the good news) Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God— (the gospel about the Son of God emerges in the Old Testament prophets) the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures regarding his Son, (this Son's context was a descendant of David) who as to his earthly life was a descendant of David, and (and shown to be the Son of God by his resurrection) who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.

v.5 (through Christ came God's grace to enable Paul to be an apostle to call Gentiles to faith) Through him we received grace and apostleship to call all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith for his name's sake.

v.6 (and so you Romans are part of that group) And you also are among those Gentiles who are called to belong to Jesus Christ.

v.7 (therefore this is to you in Rome who he has called) To all in Rome who are loved by God and called to be his holy people: (his resourcing that brings his peace be yours) Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ.



v.8-17 Paul's Longing to Visit Rome


v.8 (I thank God for you as I hear about your faith) First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, because your faith is being reported all over the world.

v.9,10 (God knows I frequently pray for you and now that I might be able to come to you) God, whom I serve in my spirit in preaching the gospel of his Son, is my witness how constantly I remember you in my prayers at all times; and I pray that now at last by God's will the way may be opened for me to come to you.

v.11,12 (I want to come to bless you with the gifting that God has for you) I long to see you so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to make you strong— that is, that you and I may be mutually encouraged by each other's faith.

v.13 (I've often wanted to come but have been prevented) I do not want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters, that I planned many times to come to you (but have been prevented from doing so until now) in order that I might have a harvest among you, just as I have had among the other Gentiles.

v.14 (I come to all men, the educated and not educated) I am obligated both to Greeks and non-Greeks, both to the wise and the foolish.

v.15 (this is why I'm so eager to come) That is why I am so eager to preach the gospel also to you who are in Rome.

v.16 (this Gospel is God's power bringing salvation to both Jew and Gentile) For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile.

v.17 (the Gospel brings right living before God, expressed through faith, just as the scriptures say) For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed—a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: “The righteous will live by faith. ” [Hab. 2:4]



v.18-31 God's Wrath Against Sinful Humanity


(Stage 1: turning from the obvious truth)

v.18,19 (but the Gospel begins with bad news – God is angry about godlessness and wickedness, because people should be able to learn about God from the world) The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them.

v.20 (from the beginning, His nature is obvious when you observe the earth) For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.

v.21 (so people inherently knew of Him but turned from Him, failed to glorify Him and thank Him, and so became stupid) For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.


(Stage 2: turning to worship idols)

v.22,23 (although they thought themselves clever they weren't as they turned from God to idols ) Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles.


(Stage 3: God's threefold judgement, letting them do what they want with twisted thinking and behaviour)

v.24 (so God lifted off His hands of restraint from them and one expression of that was how they degenerated sexually) Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another.

v.25 (they turned from the truth and worshipped the world rather than the Creator) They exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator—who is forever praised. Amen.

v.26 (so again, God took His hand of restraint off them and let them go their own way so they rejected His design and distorted their desires) Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones.

v.27 (men and women both did it) In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men and received in themselves the due penalty for their error.

v.28 (turning from knowing God, a third time he lifted off His hand of restraint and let them come up with crazy thinking, ignoring His design, doing what they wanted) Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done.


(Stage 4: sin expressed in so many ways becomes ‘normal' across the earth)

v.29-31 (we see this expressed in so many kinds of evil and wrong) They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy.

v.32 (although deep down their consciences know this is wrong they still do these things and even approve them) Although they know God's righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them.



Summary Conclusions


A. Introduction: v.1-17

1. Paul introduces himself as the gospel bringer, a gospel all about Jesus Christ.

2. He longs to come to them and bring God's blessing to them but hasn't been able to – so he writes

3. The gospel is about God's way of making us righteous by faith in His plan


B. The Need of the Gospel v.18-32

4. The good news begins with bad news – facing the reality of our world

5. Mankind has ignored what the world shows us about God the Creator

6. We should be worshipping Him and thanking him but we don't

7. This is seen in a variety of ways – we ignore God, turn to idols and our own ways of thinking

8. God is angry about this because His presence and His good design should be obvious.

9. God's design is good and should bring peace and harmony and blessing through life

10. Instead we turn away from God so He respects our self-will, even if it is folly, and so lifts His hands of restraint off us so we can run amok with twisted and distorted thinking and behaviour that follows.

11. We so often think this is freedom not realising the way we live is ultimately harmful and destructive.

12. For these reasons we need His salvation that draws us back from the brink and transforms our lives.