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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Revelation

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(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

FRAMEWORKS: Revelation 19 & 20


GO TO Ch.20



FRAMEWORKS: Revelation 19: Praise in Heaven and the Return of the King


v.1-10 Threefold Hallelujah Over Babylon's Fall
v.11-21 The Son of God Returns


v.1-10 Fourfold Hallelujahs in Heaven


v.1,2 (heaven acclaims the Lord's sovereignty: the first Hallelujah declares His judgment…) After this I heard what sounded like the roar of a great multitude in heaven shouting: “Hallelujah! [1] Salvation and glory and power belong to our God, for true and just are his judgments. He has condemned the great prostitute who corrupted the earth by her adulteries. He has avenged on her the blood of his servants.”

v.3 ( …acknowledging eternal punishment) And again they shouted: “Hallelujah! [2] The smoke from her goes up for ever and ever.”

v.4 (Agreement is given) The twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God, who was seated on the throne. And they cried: “Amen, Hallelujah!” [3]

v.5 (encouragement from the throne) Then a voice came from the throne, saying: “Praise our God, all you his servants, you who fear him, both great and small!”


v.6-8 (the wedding of the Lamb is proclaimed) Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters and like loud peals of thunder, shouting: “Halleujah!  [4] For our Lord God Almighty reigns. Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready. Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear.” (Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of God's holy people.)


v.9 (blessed are all believers who are invited) Then the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!” And he added, “These are the true words of God.”

v.10 (John wants to worship the messenger but is stopped) At this I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Don't do that! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers and sisters who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For it is the Spirit of prophecy who bears testimony to Jesus.”



v.11-21 The Son of God Returns


v.11 (the coming of a conqueror from heaven) I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and wages war.

v.12 (an all-seeing ruler) His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.

v.13 (who has to be Jesus [see Jn 1]) He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God.

v.14 (he leads an army of purity) The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean.

v.15 (he brings judgment by the word of God) Coming out of his mouth is a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. “He will rule them with an iron scepter.” [Psa 2:9] He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty.

v.16 (he is identified as The Ultimate King and Lord) On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: king of kings and lord of lords.

v.17,18 (the angels affirm the slaughter to come) And I saw an angel standing in the sun, who cried in a loud voice to all the birds flying in midair, “Come, gather together for the great supper of God, so that you may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and the mighty, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, great and small.”

v.19 (all the rebels of earth, demonic & human amass to fight him) Then I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies gathered together to wage war against the rider on the horse and his army.

v.20 (but the beast & false prophet are cast into the lake of fire) But the beast was captured, and with it the false prophet who had performed the signs on its behalf. With these signs he had deluded those who had received the mark of the beast and worshiped its image. The two of them were thrown alive into the fiery lake of burning sulfur.

v.21 (all the human rebels were killed) The rest were killed with the sword coming out of the mouth of the rider on the horse, and all the birds gorged themselves on their flesh.



[Note: in Rev 16:16 this gathering against the Lamb and his army was noted at Armageddon. Note their rebellion right up to the end, to resist the Second Coming of Christ. Nevertheless the son of God simply speaks the word of God and the demonic leaders are cast down and all the human rebels killed.]



FRAMEWORKS: Revelation 20: Peace, Testing & the Final Judgment


v.1-6 The Thousand Years
v.7-10 The Judgment of Satan
v.11-15 The Judgment of the Dead. i.e. the Final Judgment


v.1-6 The Thousand Years


v.1 (an angel is shown with authority over Satan) And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain.

v.2 (Satan is bound for a thousand years) He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years.

v.3 (he is locked up in the underworld to free the world from his activities and then is released for a short time) He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time.

v.4 (this is a time when the martyrs reign) I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony about Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

v.5 (all others who had died remain out of sight during this period) (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended.) This is the first resurrection.

v.6 (this is called ‘the first resurrection' when all the martyrs of history come alive again to reign) Blessed and holy are those who share in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years.


[Note: These verses, which have attracted much controversy over the years, reveal

•  Satan being bound for a thousand years (v.1-3)
•  the martyrs of history are resurrected to reign for this period


In v.19 of the previous chapter were revealed a rebel army being defeated but presumably there were still many humans still alive who had not been soldiers which would account for ‘the nations' of v.8 that follows. Satan being released [see below] is surely to reveal those with hearts still not committed to God and vulnerable to Satan's persuasive activities of deception.]



v.7-10 The Judgment of Satan


v.7,8 (after this period Satan is released to deceive those who will be deceived and lead them astray) When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth—Gog and Magog—and to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore.

v.9 (they go to war against God's people but are destroyed by fire from heaven) They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God's people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them.

v.10 (the devil then joins the other two demonic beings in the lake of fire) And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.


[Note: After his period of further deception and Satan is finally cast down, we should note that he, the Beast and the false prophet are the only ones recorded who suffer eternal punishment. Although, after the Final Judgment [see below], all unbelievers are thrown into the lake of fire there is no mention of them continuing there eternally. Fire usually burns up material beings and so all humans will thus be utterly burnt up and destroyed in the lake and it is only the three spirit-beings who remain there eternally]


v.11-15 The Judgment of the Dead. i.e. the Final Judgment


v.11 (everything disappears from before God's throne [except [people]) Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and there was no place for them.

v.12 (the dead are brought before the throne and records noted of how they had lived) And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books.

v.13 (everyone who had died, by whatever means, was brought before Gd to be judged) The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done.

v.14 (all past ‘waiting rooms' were destroyed) Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death.

v.15 (all unbelievers are finally annihilated) Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.


[Note: ‘Human existence' appears here in three ‘periods' although outside of time perhaps ‘stages' is a better word to use:

•  Being born and existing in human life on earth.
•  Death – the stage between the other two stages
•  Raised for Judgment – to appear before the Final Judgment.

In the ongoing-ness of this last stage, believers continue into eternity with God, and unbelievers are destroyed and cease to be.]