Front Page

Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Revelation

(Return to Framework Contents)


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

[NOTE: As we move on through this particular book it might be worth while reminding ourselves that this is a book of prophecy and prophecy often uses analogies and other picture forms that leave it open to different interpretations. Although these notes may make occasional references to this, what we provide are only meant as very basic notes to aid the reader digesting what they read, and any deeper comments about schools of interpretation etc. are beyond this goal.]


GO TO Ch.11


FRAMEWORKS: Revelation 10:  The Little Scroll


v.1-7 The Angel, the Little Scroll & the Seven Thunders
v.8-11 John eats the little scroll


[ Note: Chapter 10 and the first half of chapter 11 are the Interlude between the sixth and seventh trumpets]


v.1-7 The Angel, the Little Scroll & the Seven Thunders


v.1 (enter a powerful angel) Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven. He was robed in a cloud, with a rainbow above his head; his face was like the sun, and his legs were like fiery pillars.

v.2,3 (he holds a little scroll and brings seven thunders) He was holding a little scroll, which lay open in his hand. He planted his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land, and he gave a loud shout like the roar of a lion. When he shouted, the voices of the seven thunders spoke.

v.4 (John is told not to record them) And when the seven thunders spoke, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven say, “Seal up what the seven thunders have said and do not write it down.”

v.5 (the angel declares his authority) Then the angel I had seen standing on the sea and on the land raised his right hand to heaven.

v.6 (he acts on God's behalf) And he swore by him who lives for ever and ever, who created the heavens and all that is in them, the earth and all that is in it, and the sea and all that is in it, and said, “There will be no more delay!

v. 7 (the seventh trumpet will complete the work) But in the days when the seventh angel is about to sound his trumpet, the mystery of God will be accomplished, just as he announced to his servants the prophets.”



v.8-11 John eats the little scroll


v.8 (John is told to eat the scroll) Then the voice that I had heard from heaven spoke to me once more: “Go, take the scroll that lies open in the hand of the angel who is standing on the sea and on the land.”

v.9 (he is warned of its effect) So I went to the angel and asked him to give me the little scroll. He said to me, “Take it and eat it. It will turn your stomach sour, but ‘in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey.' [ Ezek. 3:3 ]”

v.10 (that proves true) I took the little scroll from the angel's hand and ate it. It tasted as sweet as honey in my mouth, but when I had eaten it, my stomach turned sour.

v.11 (he is told to prophesy) Then I was told, “You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, languages and kings.”

[Comment: This ‘interlude' so far introduces an angel who brings a prophetic scroll that John is to eat. There are, mysteriously seven thunder messages but they are clearly to be hidden for some future date.]



Revelation 11 : The Two Witnesses & The Seventh Trumpet


v.1,2 Measuring Instructions
v.3-6 The Two Witnesses
v.7-10 The Death of the Two Witnesses
v.11-14 The Resurrection & Ascension of the Two Witnesses
v.15-19 The Seventh Trumpet: The Third Woe



v.1,2 Measuring Instructions


v.1 (he is now instructed to measure the temple…) I was given a reed like a measuring rod and was told, “Go and measure the temple of God and the altar, with its worshipers.

v.2 (… but not include the outer court which the gentile unbelievers inhabit for three and a half years) But exclude the outer court; do not measure it, because it has been given to the Gentiles. They will trample on the holy city for 42 months.


[Note: the period of three and a half years appears in various forms. Now seven in scripture is taken as number of ‘perfection or completeness'. Three and a half seem to signify a set period designated by God which is only part of the total time for God's plans to be fulfilled.]


v.3-6 The Two Witnesses


v.3 (two witnesses for God whose ministry lasts three and a half years [see above]) And I will appoint my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth.”

v.4 (?the church and Israel? or simply anointed men of God) They are “the two olive trees” and the two lampstands, and “they stand before the Lord of the earth.” [See Zech 4:3,11,14]

v.5 (their words have destructive effect in defence) If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies. This is how anyone who wants to harm them must die.

v.6 (like Elijah their prophetic words have power to bring drought, and like Moses they have the power to bring plagues) They have power to shut up the heavens so that it will not rain during the time they are prophesying; and they have power to turn the waters into blood and to strike the earth with every kind of plague as often as they want.



v.7-10 The Death of the Two Witnesses


v.7 (eventually the enemy will arise and kill them) Now when they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them, and overpower and kill them. [ Note first mention of ‘the Beast']

v. 8 (they lie in Jerusalem) Their bodies will lie in the public square of the great city—which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt—where also their Lord was crucified.

v.9 (for three and a half days [see comments on 3 ½ above] they are visible to the world [?by TV?]) For three and a half days some from every people, tribe, language and nation will gaze on their bodies and refuse them burial.

v.10 (there will be rejoicing that they are gone) The inhabitants of the earth will gloat over them and will celebrate by sending each other gifts, because these two prophets had tormented those who live on the earth.



v.11-14 The Resurrection & Ascension of the Two Witnesses


v.11 (yet shortly they are raised from the dead) But after the three and a half days the breath [or Spirit - see Ezek. 37:5,14] of life from God entered them, and they stood on their feet, and terror struck those who saw them.

v.12 (and they ascend to heaven) Then they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” And they went up to heaven in a cloud, while their enemies looked on.

v.13 (an earthquake hits Jerusalem and many are killed) At that very hour there was a severe earthquake and a tenth of the city collapsed. Seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the survivors were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

v.14 (this was all part of the second woe the 2nd trumpet announced) The second woe has passed; the third woe is coming soon.



v.15-19 The Seventh Trumpet: The Third Woe (see 8:13)


v.15 (heaven announces a new phase of the kingdom) The seventh angel sounded his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, which said: “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah, and he will reign for ever and ever.”

v.16 (the elders give thanks) And the twenty-four elders, who were seated on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God,

v.17 (this seems a new fuller phase of the reign of God [see below]) saying: “We give thanks to you, Lord God Almighty, the One who is and who was, because you have taken your great power and have begun to reign.

v.18 (the time for the Final Judgment has come) The nations were angry, and your wrath has come. The time has come for judging the dead, and for rewarding your servants the prophets and your people who revere your name, both great and small— and for destroying those who destroy the earth.”

v.19 (heaven is opened - ?in readiness) Then God's temple in heaven was opened, and within his temple was seen the ark of his covenant. And there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake and a severe hailstorm.


[ Comment: The Seventh Trumpet

The heralding of the seventh trumpet (7 = complete or perfect?) appears to herald a significant change:

•  v.15 the ‘kingdom of the world' has changed,
•  v.17 ‘you have taken your great power and have begun to reign',
•  v.18 ‘the time has come for judging' etc.


Reference to God's reign (v.17 above) is described (v.18) as: 

•  judging the dead
•  rewarding your servants the prophets
•  rewarding believers
•  destroying those who destroy the earth (implied – in their unbelief)


All of these things seem to suggest the end of the phase of life on the old earth, and getting ready to bring an end, usher in the Final Judgment and the new heaven and new earth, all of which appear later in the book. It is suggested that the big overview feeling of chapter 12 makes a division in the book so that what follows is a recap of what has been covered within the judgments of chapters 6 to 11 but seen from a different angle. We'll see if this works out.]


Summary of Chapters 6 to 11:

ch.6 – first 6 seals opened

ch.7 – Interlude: martyrs & survivors

ch.8 – Seventh seal & first 4 trumpets – judgments on the earth

ch.9 – 5 th & 6 th trumpets – torture & death of 1/3

ch.10 – Interlude Pt.1 – the little scroll

ch.11 – Interlude Pt 2 – the two witnesses, & the Seventh Trumpet heralding the end


Differences between seals & trumpets:

Seals 1-4 – general descriptions of a conqueror, violence, famine & death with various causes

Seal 5 – martyrs calling for justice

Seal 6 – cataclysmic earth upsets

Seal 7 – silence for half an hour

Trumpets 1-4 – third of earth, waters & sky burned up

Trumpet 5 & 6 – torture then death of third of world's population

Trumpet 7 – heralds the end