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For the director of music. To the tune of “Lilies.” Of the Sons of Korah. A maskil. A wedding song.


[Preliminary Comments: Very obviously, from the title, a song composed for a wedding which, as the text shows, is a royal wedding. A song that extols in turn both the king and his bride.]



Part 1: v.1-9: Focus on the Groom, the King


v.1 It is an honourable task to write for the king


v.1  My heart is stirred by a noble theme
    as I recite my verses for the king;
    my tongue is the pen of a skillful writer.


v.2 The king, blessed by God, is to be honoured


v.2  You are the most excellent of men
    and your lips have been anointed with grace,
    since God has blessed you forever.


v.3-5 He is a warrior who brings justice for his people & triumphs over his enemies


v.3  Gird your sword on your side, you mighty one;
    clothe yourself with splendor and majesty.
v.4  In your majesty ride forth victoriously
    in the cause of truth, humility and justice;
    let your right hand achieve awesome deeds.
v.5  Let your sharp arrows pierce the hearts of the king's enemies;
    let the nations fall beneath your feet.

v.6 This throne is God-appointed to bring justice to the kingdom


v.6  Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever;
    a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.

v.7-9 Because you have a righteous & good heart, God has elevated you


v.7  You love righteousness and hate wickedness;
    therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions
    by anointing you with the oil of joy
v.8  All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia;
    from palaces adorned with ivory
    the music of the strings makes you glad.
v.9  Daughters of kings are among your honored women;
    at your right hand is the royal bride in gold of Ophir.



Part 2: v.10-17: Focus on the Bride, her beauty & her place in history


v.10 Advice to the bride: give yourself to your groom and leave the past


v.10  Listen, daughter, and pay careful attention:
    Forget your people and your father's house.
v.11  Let the king be enthralled by your beauty;
    honor him, for he is your lord.

v.12-15 Even the wealthy of the north will so gift you, your beauty will be enhanced


v.12  The city of Tyre will come with a gift,
    people of wealth will seek your favor.
v.13  All glorious is the princess within her chamber;
    her gown is interwoven with gold.
v.14  In embroidered garments she is led to the king;
    her virgin companions follow her—
    those brought to be with her.
v.15  Led in with joy and gladness,
    they enter the palace of the king.


v.16 Your future will be established, your sons exalted with world renown


v.16  Your sons will take the place of your fathers;
    you will make them princes throughout the land.

v.17  I will perpetuate your memory through all generations;
    therefore the nations will praise you for ever and ever.



[Additional Thoughts: The King is extolled for who he is and (inferred) what he has done. The Queen is extolled for her beauty, her position, and her role in creating future generations of this dynasty. For those who would see in this psalm a ‘type' of Jesus and his church, he is seen as the all-victorious king who brings grace, truth and justice, while his bride is seen for the beauty she has received [Isa 61:10] and the way she has lived [see Rev 19:7,8] and her place in history perpetuating the kingdom through her children. For the concept of the church being Christ's bride, see Mt 9:15, 25:1-, Jn 3:29, Rev 19:7, 21:2,9,17]



Continue to Psa 46