the director of music. Of David the servant of the Lord
. He sang to
the words of this song when the Lord
him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.
Comments: This psalm is both the longest psalm we have
encountered so far and it has the longest heading/title. It is
a song; David is its composer and he, uniquely so far, describes
himself as ‘the servant of the Lord'. It is clearly a song of
rejoicing and the cause of that rejoicing is made obvious; it
is one of the several times that he was delivered from the hands
of Saul who was pursuing him. Yet it seems to include not only
Saul but all other enemies of Israel over whom David has triumphed.
This he attributes to the Lord! To help absorb the large amount
of content we have not only used subheadings, but also a summary
comment as well.]
David's thankfulness for all the way God is his security
love you, Lord
, my strength.
is my rock, my fortress and
my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge,
my shield and the horn
of my salvation , my stronghold.
on each of the images David uses here of God]
When death reach out for he, he cried to God who saved him
called to the Lord
, who is worthy
and I have been saved from my enemies.
cords of death entangled me;
the torrents of destruction overwhelmed
cords of the grave coiled around me;
the snares of death confronted me.
the four descriptions of the threat David had felt]
He had cried to the Lord in his distress
my distress I called to the Lord
I cried to my God for help.
for prayer is often crisis]
Much picturesque to describe God on the move
his temple he heard my voice;
my cry came before him, into his ears.
picture is of God in His home, hearing David's cry come to Him]
earth trembled and quaked,
and the foundations of the mountains
they trembled because he was angry.
God is troubled, the earth is troubled!]
rose from his nostrils;
consuming fire came from his mouth,
burning coals blazed out of it.
which destroys comes from God when He is angry]
parted the heavens and came down;
dark clouds were under his feet.
is a picture of God ‘coming down' from heaven above to sort this
mounted the cherubim and flew;
he soared on the wings of the wind.
like He rides his angels to come in power]
made darkness his covering, his canopy around him—
the dark rain clouds of the sky.
who is hidden [see 1 Tim 6:16] comes unseen initially]
of the brightness of his presence clouds advanced,
with hailstones and bolts of lightning.
glory is hidden from the earth as He comes]
thundered from heaven;
the voice of the Most High resounded.
when He speaks from heaven we hear thunder]
shot his arrows and scattered the enemy,
with great bolts of lightning he routed
comes with power to scatter the enemy]
valleys of the sea were exposed
and the foundations of the earth laid
at your rebuke, Lord ,
at the blast of breath from your nostrils.
speaks, God moves, and the earth is moved]
Summary: God reached down and delivered him from disaster
reached down from on high and took hold of me;
he drew me out of deep waters.
came & reached down and stopped the enemy drowning me]
rescued me from my powerful enemy,
from my foes, who were too strong for
I was helpless, He came and rescued me]
confronted me in the day of my disaster,
but the Lord was my support.
enemy came after me but God was there for me]
brought me out into a spacious place;
he rescued me because he delighted in
of the prison of hopeless circumstances, he set me free]
His righteousness has been the foundation of his relationship
has dealt with me according to my righteousness;
according to the cleanness of my hands
he has rewarded me.
Lord has accepted that I am righteous and blessed me because of
I have kept the ways of the Lord
I am not guilty of turning from my God.
have remained faithful to him at all times]
his laws are before me;
I have not turned away from his decrees.
have remained true to His Law]
have been blameless before him
and have kept myself from sin.
have been spotless, free of sin]
has rewarded me according to my righteousness,
according to the cleanness of my hands
in his sight.
so He has blessed me]
The Lord reveals Himself in different ways, depending on the person
the faithful you show yourself faithful,
to the blameless you show yourself blameless,
are faithful with those who are faithful, and right with those
who are righteous]
the pure you show yourself pure,
but to the devious you show yourself
uncorrupted see you perfect, but the sneaky are wary of your wisdom]
save the humble
but bring low those whose eyes are haughty.
humble you save, the proud you bring down]
This leaves David feeling secure and strong
keep my lamp burning;
my God turns my darkness into light.
enable me to be light, scattering the darkness]
your help I can advance against a troop;
with my God I can scale a wall.
you with me I can triumph in battle]
It also reveals the wonder of who the Lord is
for God, his way is perfect:
The Lord 's word is flawless;
he shields all who take refuge in him.
way cannot be improved upon, speaking perfectly, shielding refugees]
who is God besides the Lord
And who is the Rock except our God?
is no one like Him, a steady rock of support]
He lists ways the Lord enables him
is God who arms me with strength
and keeps my way secure.
is the one who strengthens me and makes me secure]
makes my feet like the feet of a deer;
he causes me to stand on the heights.
a deer on the crags I stand steady]
trains my hands for battle;
my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
has enabled me to be the warrior I am]
make your saving help my shield,
and your right hand sustains me;
your help has made me great.
every way you've been there for me]
provide a broad path for my feet,
so that my ankles do not give way.
my path has been sure and secure]
He reflects on his victories that the Lord has enabled him to
pursued my enemies and overtook them;
I did not turn back till they were destroyed.
been able to catch and destroy our enemies]
crushed them so that they could not rise;
they fell beneath my feet.
was enabled to bring them down]
armed me with strength for battle;
you humbled my adversaries before me.
your strength those against me fell]
made my enemies turn their backs in flight,
and I destroyed my foes.
fact they turned around and fled]
cried for help, but there was no one to save them—
to the Lord , but he did not answer.
though they cried for help it was not to you, so they fell]
beat them as fine as windblown dust;
I trampled them like mud in the streets.
were as nothing before me]
have delivered me from the attacks of the people;
you have made me the head of nations.
People I did not know now serve me,
have made me victorious over enemy neighbours who I have subdued]
cower before me;
as soon as they hear of me, they obey
fame has become known by them so they submit to me]
all lose heart;
they come trembling from their strongholds.
of me has made them submissive to me]
He concludes with praise for God his security and deliverer
lives! Praise be to my Rock!
Exalted be God my Savior!
Lord is real, a support for us, may He be exalted]
is the God who avenges me,
who subdues nations under me,
is the One who has brought down nations before me]
saves me from my enemies.
You exalted me above my foes;
from a violent man you rescued me.
saved me from violent enemies, lifting me above them
I will praise you, Lord
, among the
I will sing the praises of your name.
you are worthy of our praises]
gives his king great victories;
he shows unfailing love to his anointed,
to David and to his descendants forever.
made me king, blessed me, and have given me a future]
Thoughts: There is really so much in this psalm that
demands we take time to meditate on the things David says. It
is a psalm of great assurance in the face of challenges to our
lives and reveals the glory and might and majesty of God who David
sees has come on his behalf to deliver him from impending death.
Although the heading speaks of Saul, David's language here seems
to indicate a much wider application that might be taken to cover
all surrounding enemies. The historical text more than once declares,
“The Lord gave David victory wherever he went” [2 Sam 8:6,14,
1 Chron 18:6,13 – read the whole of 2 Sam 8 to get the full picture
of his triumphs over surrounding nations]. Take time to go back
over each verse and meditate on it.]
to Psa 19