Psa 110: The coming Priest-Conqueror
David. A psalm.
Comments: A prophetic psalm that speaks of the coming
Messiah [see below on NT uses and fulfilment] who will reign at
God's right hand [v.1] ruling in the midst of his enemies [v.2].
His reign will culminate in a great battle [v.3] but as well as
being a conqueror, he will also be a high priest bringing in a
new priesthood [v.4]. God will uphold him and guarantee him victory
over their enemies [v.5-7]. See below for more.]
God says to David's Lord, the Messiah, he is to rule at His side
says to my lord:
at my right hand
I make your enemies
footstool for your feet.'
The Messiah will rule on the earth in the midst of his enemies
will extend your mighty sceptre from Zion, saying,
in the midst of your enemies!'
There will come a day of battle when his followers will be beside
troops will be willing
your day of battle.
Arrayed in holy splendour,
young men will come to you
dew from the morning's womb.
He will also bring in a new priesthood
will not change his mind:
You are a priest for ever,
the order of Melchizedek.' [see
On that day of judgment God will triumph over His enemies
Lord is at your right hand;
will crush kings on the day of his wrath.
will judge nations, heaping up the dead
crushing the rulers of the whole earth.
will drink from a brook along the way;
so he will lift his head high.
Comments: This psalm is quoted in the New Testament
Peter uses these verses to show Jesus was this Messiah. 1 Cor
15:25 Paul uses it about the duration of Jesus' reign. Numerous
times Paul refers to Jesus now seated at his Father's right hand.
The writer to the Hebrews 1:13 uses v.1 to show how Jesus
is superior to angels. Jesus also uses this verse Mt 22:44
in his arguments with the Pharisees.
The writer to
the Hebrews Heb 5:6, 7:17 uses this verse to show Jesus is
this high priest. He also combines v.1 & 4 Heb 8:1 &
10:12-14 to show Jesus the high priest sat down at God's right
hand when he had finished his work.
appear to reflect the
battle that ensues when Jesus returns - Rev 19:11-21 and the judgment
to Psa 111