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FRAMEWORKS: Psa 109: May justice be done


For the director of music. Of David. A psalm.


[Preliminary Comments: David is clearly struggling with opposition from people who have spoken lies against him, betraying his friendship [v.1-5] and he asks the Lord to hold a court against one specifically [v.6,7] so that the Lord will bring a multi-faceted judgment on him [v.8-15] for having brought curses against him [v.16-18]. He wants the Lord to overcome those curses with His own blessing [v.19,20] and deliver him [v.21] for he feels wounded and weak [v.22-25]. He continues by asking the Lord to save him [v.26], dealing with his enemy in such a way that he will know it is the Lord dealing with him [v.27] as his curses are reversed by the Lord's blessing [v.28] and they are put to shame [v.29]. He concludes with a declaration of faith that he will praise the Lord who he knows is a deliverer [v.30,31]. A psalm asking for justice to be done.]



v.1-5 David asks the Lord to speak against [implied] his enemies


v.1  My God, whom I praise,
     do not remain silent,
v.2  for people who are wicked and deceitful
     have opened their mouths against me;
     they have spoken against me with lying tongues.
v.3  With words of hatred they surround me;
     they attack me without cause.
v.4  In return for my friendship they accuse me,
     but I am a man of prayer.
v.5  They repay me evil for good,
     and hatred for my friendship.


v.6,7 He asks for his enemies to be tried and found guilty


v.6  Appoint someone evil to oppose my enemy;
     let an accuser stand at his right hand.
v.7  When he is tried, let him be found guilty,
     and may his prayers condemn him.


v.8-15 His eight-fold desire of what will happen to them


v.8  May his days be few;
     may another take his place of leadership.
v.9  May his children be fatherless
     and his wife a widow.
v.10   May his children be wandering beggars;
     may they be driven from their ruined homes.
v.11   May a creditor seize all he has;
     may strangers plunder the fruits of his labour.
v.12   May no one extend kindness to him
     or take pity on his fatherless children.
v.13   May his descendants be cut off,
     their names blotted out from the next generation.
v.14   May the iniquity of his fathers be remembered before the Lord ;
     may the sin of his mother never be blotted out.
v.15  May their sins always remain before the Lord,
     that he may blot out their name from the earth.


v.16-18 His threefold accusation of his enemy's sins


v.16  For [i] he never thought of doing a kindness,
[ii] hounded to death the poor
     and the needy and the broken-hearted.
v.17  He [iii] loved to pronounce a curse 
     may it come back on him.
He found no pleasure in blessing 
     may it be far from him.
v.18  He wore cursing as his garment;
     it entered into his body like water,
     into his bones like oil.

v.19,20 He wants his cursing to be the cause of bringing him down

v.19  May it be like a cloak wrapped about him,
     like a belt tied for ever round him.
v.20  May this be the Lord's payment to my accusers,
     to those who speak evil of me.


v.21 He appeals to the Lord to intervene


v.21  But you, Sovereign Lord,
     help me for your name's sake;
     out of the goodness of your love, deliver me.

v.22-25 What he feels about himself after this attack


v.22  For I am poor and needy,
     and my heart is wounded within me.
v.23  I fade away like an evening shadow;
     I am shaken off like a locust.
v.24  My knees give way from fasting;
     my body is thin and gaunt.
v.25  I am an object of scorn to my accusers;
     when they see me, they shake their heads.


v.26 An appeal for the Lord to save him


v.26   Help me, Lord my God;
     save me according to your unfailing love.

v.27 He appeals for the Lord to act in such a way that his enemy will know it is Him


v.27   Let them know that it is your hand,
     that you, Lord, have done it.

v.28 He asks that the Lord will overcome their curses with His blessing


v.28  While they curse, may you bless;
     may those who attack me be put to shame,
     but may your servant rejoice.

v.29 He asks that they will be put to shame


v.29   May my accusers be clothed with disgrace
     and wrapped in shame as in a cloak.


v.30,31 He determines to praise the Lord because He is a deliverer


v.30  With my mouth I will greatly extol the Lord;
     in the great throng of worshippers I will praise him.
v.31  For he stands at the right hand of the needy,
     to save their lives from those who would condemn them.



[Additional Comments: David's appeal for justice never puts it in those specific terms but he lays out what has been happening to him, his plight and his need caused by an enemy who deserves to have the Lord act against him, delivering David and shaming that enemy with judgment.]



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