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FRAMEWORKS: Psa 105: The Covenant that took Israel to Canaan


[Preliminary Comments: In many ways a very straight forward psalm that starts with a call to remember what God had done and praise Him for it, [v.1-6] and goes on to describe how the sovereign Lord [v.7] made a covenant with Abraham [Gen 15:12-20] and the other patriarchs [v.8-10], having called Abram [v.11-15], used Joseph [v.16-22] to eventually bring Israel to Egypt [v.23-25] and years later used Moses to bring judgment on Egypt [v.26-36] and to deliver Israel from Egypt to Canaan [v.37-45] to be His chosen people.]



v.1-6 Instructions to Israel


v.1  Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name;
     make known among the nations what he has done.
v.2  Sing to him, sing praise to him;
     tell of all his wonderful acts.
v.3 Glory in his holy name;
     let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice.
v.4  Look to the Lord and his strength;
     seek his face always.

v.5  Remember the wonders he has done,
     his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced,
v.6  you his servants, the descendants of Abraham,
     his chosen ones, the children of Jacob .

v.7 All that follows is because He is sovereign Lord


v.7  He is the Lord our God;
     his judgments
[divine decrees] are in all the earth.


v.8-10 All that follows is how He worked out His covenant with Israel


v.8  He remembers his covenant for ever,
     the promise he made, for a thousand generations,
v.9  the covenant he made with Abraham,
     the oath he swore to Isaac.
v.10  He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree,
     to Israel as an everlasting covenant:

v.11-15 He took a wandering nomad [Abram] and chose him


v.11  ‘To you I will give the land of Canaan
     as the portion you will inherit.'

v.12  When they were but few in number,
     few indeed, and strangers in it,
v.13  they wandered from nation to nation,
     from one kingdom to another.
v.14  He allowed no one to oppress them;
     for their sake he rebuked kings:
v.15  ‘Do not touch my anointed ones;
     do my prophets no harm.'


v.16-22 He brought about His plan through Joseph


v.16  He called down famine on the land
     and destroyed all their supplies of food;
v.17  and he sent a man before them –
     Joseph, sold as a slave.
v.18  They bruised his feet with shackles,
     his neck was put in irons,
v.19  till what he foretold came to pass,
     till the word of the Lord proved him true.
v.20  The king sent and released him,
     the ruler of peoples set him free.
v.21  He made him master of his household,
     ruler over all he possessed,
v.22  to instruct his princes as he pleased
     and teach his elders wisdom.


v.23-25 He took Jacob & family to Egypt which became inhospitable


v.23  Then Israel entered Egypt;
     Jacob resided as a foreigner in the land of Ham.
v.24  The Lord made his people very fruitful;
     he made them too numerous for their foes,
v.25  whose hearts he turned to hate his people,
     to conspire against his servants.

v.26-36 He used Moses to bring ten plagues on Egypt


v.26  He sent Moses his servant,
     and Aaron, whom he had chosen.
v.27  They performed his signs among them,
     his wonders in the land of Ham.
v.28  He sent darkness and made the land dark –
     for had they not rebelled against his words?
v.29  He turned their waters into blood,
     causing their fish to die.
v.30  Their land teemed with frogs,
     which went up into the bedrooms of their rulers.
v.31  He spoke, and there came swarms of flies,
     and gnats throughout their country.
v.32  He turned their rain into hail,
     with lightning throughout their land;
v.33  he struck down their vines and fig-trees
     and shattered the trees of their country.
v.34  He spoke, and the locusts came,
     grasshoppers without number;
v.35  they ate up every green thing in their land,
     ate up the produce of their soil.
v.36  Then he struck down all the firstborn in their land,
     the first-fruits of all their manhood.

v.37-45 The Exodus: He delivered Israel from Egypt into Canaan


v.37  He brought out Israel, laden with silver and gold,
     and from among their tribes no one faltered.
v.38  Egypt was glad when they left,
     because dread of Israel had fallen on them.

v.39  He spread out a cloud as a covering,
     and a fire to give light at night.
v.40  They asked, and he brought them quail;
     he fed them well with the bread of heaven.
v.41  He opened the rock, and water gushed out;
     it flowed like a river in the desert.

v.42  For he remembered his holy promise
     given to his servant Abraham.
v.43  He brought out his people with rejoicing,
     his chosen ones with shouts of joy;
v.44  he gave them the lands of the nations,
     and they fell heir to what others had toiled for –
v.45  that they might keep his precepts
     and observe his laws.

Praise the Lord



[Additional Comments: There are various times in Scripture where we find summary histories of how Israel came to be the people of God. This is one of them and that provides the background for an opportunity to praise the Lord.]



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