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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Numbers

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FRAMEWORKS: Numbers 9: Passover & Presence

 

Part 1.3: A Holy Camp

Ch.5: Working for a Pure Camp

Ch. 6: Nazarites

Ch.7: Offerings at the Dedication of the Tabernacle

Ch. 8: Setting Apart the Levites

Ch. 9: Passover & Presence

FRAMEWORKS: Numbers 9: Passover & Presence

 

v.1-3 God Instructs Moses

v.4,5 Moses Instructs the People

v.6-8 Some query their unavailability

v.9-12 The Lord instructs when they can do it

v.13,14 Instructions for Everyone Else

v.15-23 The Cloud Above the Tabernacle

 

 

v.1-3 God Instructs Moses

 

v.1 The Lord spoke to Moses / in the Desert of Sinai / in the first month of the second year after they came out of Egypt. He said,

v.2 “Have the Israelites celebrate the Passover at the appointed time.

v.3 Celebrate it at the appointed time, at twilight on the fourteenth day of this month, in accordance with all its rules and regulations.”

 

[Notes: A year has passed since the first actual Passover. Now it is time for the first remembrance celebration.]

 

 

v.4,5 Moses Instructs the People

 

v.4  So Moses told the Israelites to celebrate the Passover,

v.5 and they did so in the Desert of Sinai at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month. The Israelites did everything just as the Lord commanded Moses.

 

[Notes: Thus, at Moses instruction the people celebrate it at the foot of Mount Sinai.]

 

 

v.6-8 Some query their unavailability

 

v.6 But some of them could not celebrate the Passover on that day because they were ceremonially unclean on account of a dead body. So they came to Moses and Aaron that same day

v.7 and said to Moses, “We have become unclean because of a dead body, but why should we be kept from presenting the Lord 's offering with the other Israelites at the appointed time?”

v.8 Moses answered them, “Wait until I find out what the Lord commands concerning you.”

 

[Notes: The awareness of being a holy people is revealed as some approach Moses and Aaron and say because of death in the family they are not in a fit state to celebrate this holy Festival. What should they do?]

 

 

v.9-12 The Lord instructs when they can do it

 

v.9 Then the Lord said to Moses,

v.10 “Tell the Israelites: ‘When any of you or your descendants are unclean because of a dead body or are away on a journey, they are still to celebrate the Lord 's Passover,

v.11 but they are to do it on the fourteenth day of the second month at twilight. They are to eat the lamb, together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

v.12 They must not leave any of it till morning or break any of its bones. When they celebrate the Passover, they must follow all the regulations.

 

[Notes: When Moses questions the Lord, He acknowledges this is a legitimate reason for not celebrating it on the appropriate day but says they can celebrate it on the same day in the second month instead, thus giving them time to prepare.]

 

 

v.13,14 Instructions for Everyone Else

 

v.13 But if anyone who is ceremonially clean and not on a journey fails to celebrate the Passover, they must be cut off from their people for not presenting the Lord 's offering at the appointed time. They will bear the consequences of their sin.

v.14 “‘A foreigner residing among you is also to celebrate the Lord 's Passover in accordance with its rules and regulations. You must have the same regulations for both the foreigner and the native-born.'”

 

[Notes: All other people are required to celebrate the Passover on the set day which will become one of their most important feasts.]

 

 

v.15-23 The Cloud Above the Tabernacle

 

v.15 On the day the tabernacle, the tent of the covenant law, was set up, the cloud covered it. From evening till morning the cloud above the tabernacle looked like fire.

v.16 That is how it continued to be; the cloud covered it, and at night it looked like fire.

v.17 Whenever the cloud lifted from above the tent, the Israelites set out; wherever the cloud settled, the Israelites encamped.

v.18 At the Lord 's command the Israelites set out, and at his command they encamped. As long as the cloud stayed over the tabernacle, they remained in camp.

v.19 When the cloud remained over the tabernacle a long time, the Israelites obeyed the Lord 's order and did not set out.

v.20 Sometimes the cloud was over the tabernacle only a few days; at the Lord's command they would encamp, and then at his command they would set out.

v.21 Sometimes the cloud stayed only from evening till morning, and when it lifted in the morning, they set out. Whether by day or by night, whenever the cloud lifted, they set out.

v.22 Whether the cloud stayed over the tabernacle for two days or a month or a year, the Israelites would remain in camp and not set out; but when it lifted, they would set out.

v.23 At the Lord 's command they encamped, and at the Lord 's command they set out. They obeyed the Lord 's order, in accordance with his command through Moses.

 

[Notes: This paragraph is quite remarkable in that it shows us what dictated the movement of the nation – the Lord. When the cloud of His presence [first observed in Ex 13:21,22] moved from above the Tabernacle [v.15,16], it was time for Israel to move on [v.17,18]. The time of remaining stationary varied from overnight [v.21], just a few days [v.20], or even a much longer time [v.19,22], but records appear not to have been kept as to exactly what those times were.]

      

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 10