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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Nehemiah

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FRAMEWORKS: Nehemiah 13: Nehemiah's Final Reforms

    

v.1-3 The Law is read and foreigners excluded

v.4,5 Wrong use of store rooms comes to light

v.6-9 Nehemiah returns from an absence & brings correction

v.10-13 Nehemiah brings correction for care of the Levites

v.14-22 Nehemiah stops trade on the Sabbath

v.23-27 Nehemiah rebukes mixed marriages

v.28-31 Nehemiah purifies the Priesthood

 

v.1-3 The Law is read and foreigners excluded

 

v.1 On that day the Book of Moses was read aloud in the hearing of the people and there it was found written that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever be admitted into the assembly of God, 

v.2 because they had not met the Israelites with food and water but had hired Balaam to call a curse down on them. (Our God, however, turned the curse into a blessing.) 

v.3 When the people heard this law, they excluded from Israel all who were of foreign descent. 

 

[Notes: First Correction: A part of this day of celebration involved reading the Law and as they came to that part that excluded foreigners from the community of the people of God, so they took steps to ensure this was so.]

 

 

v.4,5 Wrong use of store rooms comes to light

 

v.4 Before this, Eliashib the priest had been put in charge of the storerooms of the house of our God. He was closely associated with Tobiah, 

v.5 and he had provided him with a large room formerly used to store the grain offerings and incense and temple articles, and also the tithes of grain, new wine and olive oil prescribed for the Levites, musicians and gatekeepers, as well as the contributions for the priests. 

 

[Notes: Second Correction: Nehemiah notes another correction that was needed, a store room that had been given to one of their detractors.]

 

 

v.6-9 Nehemiah returns from an absence & brings correction

 

v.6 But while all this was going on, I was not in Jerusalem, for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon I had returned to the king. Some time later I asked his permission 

v.7 and came back to Jerusalem. Here I learned about the evil thing Eliashib had done in providing Tobiah a room in the courts of the house of God. 

v.8 I was greatly displeased and threw all Tobiah's household goods out of the room. 

v.9 I gave orders to purify the rooms, and then I put back into them the equipment of the house of God, with the grain offerings and the incense. 

 

[Notes: This had happened while Nehemiah had been away and so when he returned and found out about it he cleansed that room of all of the effects of that person.]

 

 

v.10-13 Nehemiah brings correction for care of the Levites

 

v.10 I also learned that the portions assigned to the Levites had not been given to them, and that all the Levites and musicians responsible for the service had gone back to their own fields. 

v.11 So I rebuked the officials and asked them, “Why is the house of God neglected?” Then I called them together and stationed them at their posts. 

v.12 All Judah brought the tithes of grain, new wine and olive oil into the storerooms. 

v.13 I put Shelemiah the priest, Zadok the scribe, and a Levite named Pedaiah in charge of the storerooms and made Hanan son of Zakkur, the son of Mattaniah, their assistant, because they were considered trustworthy. They were made responsible for distributing the supplies to their fellow Levites. 

 

[Notes: Third Correction: He further finds that the provision for the Levites had been neglected and so he corrects that.]

 

 

v.14-22 Nehemiah stops trade on the Sabbath

 

v.14 Remember me for this, my God, and do not blot out what I have so faithfully done for the house of my God and its services. 

v.15 In those days I saw people in Judah treading winepresses on the Sabbath and bringing in grain and loading it on donkeys, together with wine, grapes, figs and all other kinds of loads. And they were bringing all this into Jerusalem on the Sabbath. Therefore I warned them against selling food on that day. 

v.16 People from Tyre who lived in Jerusalem were bringing in fish and all kinds of merchandise and selling them in Jerusalem on the Sabbath to the people of Judah. 

v.17 I rebuked the nobles of Judah and said to them, “What is this wicked thing you are doing—desecrating the Sabbath day? 

v.18 Didn't your ancestors do the same things, so that our God brought all this calamity on us and on this city? Now you are stirring up more wrath against Israel by desecrating the Sabbath.” 

v.19 When evening shadows fell on the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I ordered the doors to be shut and not opened until the Sabbath was over. I stationed some of my own men at the gates so that no load could be brought in on the Sabbath day. 

v.20 Once or twice the merchants and sellers of all kinds of goods spent the night outside Jerusalem. 

v.21 But I warned them and said, “Why do you spend the night by the wall? If you do this again, I will arrest you.” From that time on they no longer came on the Sabbath. 

v.22 Then I commanded the Levites to purify themselves and go and guard the gates in order to keep the Sabbath day holy. Remember me for this also, my God, and show mercy to me according to your great love. 

 

[Notes: Fourth Correction: Nehemiah notes that work is being done on the Sabbath with trade being carried out, so he steps in, rebukes the leaders, and orders the gates shut over Sabbath to prevent trade.]

 

 

v.23-27 Nehemiah rebukes mixed marriages

 

v.23 Moreover, in those days I saw men of Judah who had married women from Ashdod, Ammon and Moab. 

v.24 Half of their children spoke the language of Ashdod or the language of one of the other peoples, and did not know how to speak the language of Judah. 

v.25 I rebuked them and called curses down on them. I beat some of the men and pulled out their hair. I made them take an oath in God's name and said: “You are not to give your daughters in marriage to their sons, nor are you to take their daughters in marriage for your sons or for yourselves. 

v.26 Was it not because of marriages like these that Solomon king of Israel sinned? Among the many nations there was no king like him. He was loved by his God, and God made him king over all Israel, but even he was led into sin by foreign women. 

v.27 Must we hear now that you too are doing all this terrible wickedness and are being unfaithful to our God by marrying foreign women?” 

 

[Notes: First Correction Again: Following v.1-3 it seems Nehemiah now takes strong action to correct the mixed marriage unfaithfulness.]

 

 

v.28-31 Nehemiah purifies the Priesthood

 

v.28 One of the sons of Joiada son of Eliashib the high priest was son-in-law to Sanballat the Horonite. And I drove him away from me. 

v.29 Remember them, my God, because they defiled the priestly office and the covenant of the priesthood and of the Levites. 

v.30 So I purified the priests and the Levites of everything foreign, and assigned them duties, each to his own task. 

v.31 I also made provision for contributions of wood at designated times, and for the firstfruits. Remember me with favor, my God.

 

[Notes: There was also an ongoing relationship from within the city with one of their detractors – even from within the priesthood – and Nehemiah acts to bring further change. Thus the book comes to an end, with a people restored from exile and their leaders seeking to restore them as the holy people of God with no pollution of those unbelieving detractors from outside.]