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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Nehemiah

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FRAMEWORKS: Nehemiah 10: Covenanting to Establish Temple Worship


v.1-28 The people involved

v.29 The Covenant of the People

v.30-38 The Things Covenanted



v.1-28 The people involved


v.1 Those who sealed it were: Nehemiah the governor, the son of Hakaliah. Zedekiah, 

2 Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah, 

3 Pashhur, Amariah, Malkijah, 

4 Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluk, 

5 Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah, 

6 Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch, 

7 Meshullam, Abijah, Mijamin, 

8 Maaziah, Bilgai and Shemaiah. These were the priests. 

9 The Levites: Jeshua son of Azaniah, Binnui of the sons of Henadad, Kadmiel, 

10 and their associates: Shebaniah, Hodiah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan, 

11 Mika, Rehob, Hashabiah, 

12 Zakkur, Sherebiah, Shebaniah, 

13 Hodiah, Bani and Beninu. 

14 The leaders of the people: Parosh, Pahath-Moab, Elam, Zattu, Bani, 

15 Bunni, Azgad, Bebai, 

16 Adonijah, Bigvai, Adin, 

17 Ater, Hezekiah, Azzur, 

18 Hodiah, Hashum, Bezai, 

19 Hariph, Anathoth, Nebai, 

20 Magpiash, Meshullam, Hezir, 

21 Meshezabel, Zadok, Jaddua, 

22 Pelatiah, Hanan, Anaiah, 

23 Hoshea, Hananiah, Hasshub, 

24 Hallohesh, Pilha, Shobek, 

25 Rehum, Hashabnah, Maaseiah, 

26 Ahiah, Hanan, Anan, 

27 Malluk, Harim and Baanah. 

v.28 “The rest of the people—priests, Levites, gatekeepers, musicians, temple servants and all who separated themselves from the neighbouring peoples for the sake of the Law of God, together with their wives and all their sons and daughters who are able to understand— 


[Notes: The previous list had been the first people to return. This list is the latest group who now enter into covenant afresh with the Lord.]



v.29 The Covenant of the People


v.29 all these now join their fellow Israelites the nobles, and bind themselves with a curse and an oath to follow the Law of God given through Moses the servant of God and to obey carefully all the commands, regulations and decrees of the LORD our Lord


[Notes: The basic covenant is to obey the Lord and His Law conveyed through Moses.]



v.30-38 The Things Covenanted


v.30 [1] “We promise not to give our daughters in marriage to the peoples around us or take their daughters for our sons. 

v.31 [2] “When the neighbouring peoples bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or on any holy day. Every seventh year we will forgo working the land and will cancel all debts. 

v.32 [3] “We assume the responsibility for carrying out the commands to give a third of a shekel each year for the service of the house of our God: 

v.33  for the bread set out on the table; for the regular grain offerings and burnt offerings; for the offerings on the Sabbaths, at the New Moon feasts and at the appointed festivals; for the holy offerings; for sin offerings to make atonement for Israel; and for all the duties of the house of our God. 

v.34 [4] “We—the priests, the Levites and the people—have cast lots to determine when each of our families is to bring to the house of our God at set times each year a contribution of wood to burn on the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the Law. 

v.35 [5] “We also assume responsibility for bringing to the house of the LORD each year the firstfruits of our crops and of every fruit tree. 

v.36 “As it is also written in the Law, we will bring the firstborn of our sons and of our cattle, of our herds and of our flocks to the house of our God, to the priests ministering there. 

v.37   [6] “Moreover, we will bring to the storerooms of the house of our God, to the priests, the first of our ground meal, of our grain offerings, of the fruit of all our trees and of our new wine and olive oil. And we will bring a tithe of our crops to the Levites, for it is the Levites who collect the tithes in all the towns where we work. 

v.38 [7] A priest descended from Aaron is to accompany the Levites when they receive the tithes, and the Levites are to bring a tenth of the tithes up to the house of our God, to the storerooms of the treasury. 

v.39 [8] The people of Israel, including the Levites, are to bring their contributions of grain, new wine and olive oil to the storerooms, where the articles for the sanctuary and for the ministering priests, the gatekeepers and the musicians are also kept. “We will not neglect the house of our God.”


[Notes: The main thrust of the things promised are to do with the Temple, the place where they would express their devotion to the Lord [v.32-39]. Yet also at the beginning is that clarity of them being God's holy and separate people so they will remain distinct from nearby peoples [v.30] and they will ensure the sabbath is observed [v.31]. This is the people of God who are to proclaim and reveal the Lord to all others.]