Micah 6: The Lord's case against Israel
The Lord calls Israel to defend themselves against His charge
to what the Lord says:
up, plead my case before the mountains;
let the hills hear what you have to say.
you mountains, the Lord's accusation;
listen, you everlasting foundations of
For the Lord has a case against his people;
he is lodging a charge against Israel.
He asks if they can fault His deliverance & provision for
people, what have I done to you?
How have I burdened you? Answer me.
brought you up out of Egypt
and redeemed you from the land of slavery.
I sent Moses to lead you,
also Aaron and Miriam.
what Balak king of Moab plotted
and what Balaam son of Beor answered.
Remember your journey from Shittim to Gilgal,
that you may know the righteous acts of
It's never been the offerings He wanted, it was righteous, godly
what shall I come before the Lord
and bow down before the exalted God?
Shall I come before him with burnt offerings,
with calves a year old?
the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams,
with ten thousand rivers of oil?
Shall I offer my firstborn for my transgression,
the fruit of my body for the sin of my
has shown you, O mortal, what is good.
And what does the Lord require of you
To act justly and to love mercy
and to walk humbly with your God.
The wise heed the Lord's call to them and His rod of correction
The Lord is calling to the city –
and to fear your name is wisdom –
‘Heed the rod and the One who appointed
Israel's guilt: Should He turn a blind eye to their wrongs
I still to forget [i] your
ill-gotten treasures, you wicked house,
and [ii] the
short ephah, which is accursed?
I acquit someone with dishonest scales,
with a bag of false weights?
[iii] Your rich people are
inhabitants are liars
and their tongues speak deceitfully.
His Judgment can be discerned
I have begun to destroy you,
to ruin you because of your sins.
Ongoing dissatisfaction is the expression of His judgment on them
will eat but not be satisfied;
your stomach will still be empty.
You will store up but save nothing,
because what you save I will give to the
will plant but not harvest;
you will press olives but not use the
you will crush grapes but not drink the
Their occultic & idol-worship practices have forced the Lord
to so act
have observed the statutes of Omri
and all the practices of Ahab's house;
you have followed their traditions.
Therefore I will give you over to ruin
and your people to derision;
you will bear the scorn of the nations.'
The prophecy presents the Lord's complaints against
Israel as a charge in a court case which He calls them to defend
[v.1,2]. He demands of them to say how His deliverance & creation
of them as a nation fell short [v.3-5]. The prophecy points out
that simply providing piles of offerings will never satisfy the
holy God, He wants them to live righteous lives [v.6-8] so now
He's coming to discipline them and the wise who fear Him would
do well to remember He is a God who disciplines [v.9]. Would the
court want Him to ignore their sins – their money grabbing, their
dishonesty in business, their violence, and their deceit and dishonesty?
[v.10-12]. Because they continue to do these things His judgment
is starting to be seen [v.13], and the fruits of it are that they
will never be satisfied, never have enough [v.14,15]. He is doing
it because they have entered into the sins of the wicked kings
of the north [v.16a] – Omri [1 Kings 16:25,26] and Ahab his son
[1 kings 16:30-33] and so the nations will see what has happened
to them and laugh at them [v.16b]. A chapter of challenge and
TO CHAPTER 7