Jesus Calms the Storm
1: Teaching Approaches & Content: v.1-34
Jesus teaches by the Lake
(similar to 3:9,10) Again
Jesus began to teach by the lake. The crowd that gathered
around him was so large that he got into a boat and sat in it
out on the lake, while all the people were along the shore at
the water's edge.
he uses parables) He taught
them many things by parables, and in his teaching said:
The Parable of the Sower told
(this one is about a farmer) “Listen!
A farmer went out to sow his seed.
(ground type 1) As
he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and
the birds came and ate it up.
(ground type 2) Some
fell on rocky places, where it did not have much soil.
It sprang up quickly, because the soil was shallow. But
when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered
because they had no root.
(ground type 3) Other
seed fell among thorns, which grew up and choked the plants,
so that they did not bear grain.
(ground type 4) Still
other seed fell on good soil. It came up, grew and produced
a crop, some multiplying thirty, some sixty, some a hundred times.”
(call to consider & pay attention) Then
Jesus said, “Whoever has ears to hear, let them hear.”
Principles of the Kingdom
(in the group of the twelve) When
he was alone, the Twelve and the others around him asked him about
(the privilege of being close to Jesus – 1st mention
of the kingdom) He told them,
“The secret of the kingdom of God has been given to you.
But to those on the outside everything is said in parables
(just as it was prophesied forgiveness follows understanding)
so that, “‘they may be ever seeing but never perceiving, and ever
hearing but never understanding; otherwise they might turn and
be forgiven!' [Isa
The Parable of the Sower explained
challenges the disciples) Then
Jesus said to them, “Don't you understand this parable? How
then will you understand any parable?
(The seed is the word of God) The
farmer sows the word.
(person response & reason 1) Some
people are like seed along the path, where the word is sown. As
soon as they hear it, Satan comes and takes away the word
that was sown in them.
response & reason 2) Others,
like seed sown on rocky places, hear the word and at once receive
it with joy. But since they have no root, they last only
a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the
word, they quickly fall away.
(person response & reason 3) Still
others, like seed sown among thorns, hear the word; but the worries
of this life, the deceitfulness of wealth and the
desires for other things come in and choke the word, making
(person response 4) Others,
like seed sown on good soil, hear the word, accept it, and produce
a crop—some thirty, some sixty, some a hundred times what was
Illustration of a Lamp on a Stand
(he asks about using a lamp) He
said to them, “Do you bring in a lamp to put it under a bowl
or a bed? Instead, don't you put it on its stand?
(its purpose & application) For
whatever is hidden is meant to be disclosed, and whatever is concealed
is meant to be brought out into the open.
(further call to consider & pay attention)
If anyone has ears to hear, let them
(challenge: use what you hear) “Consider
carefully what you hear,” he continued. “With the measure
you use, it will be measured to you—and even more.
(whoever uses it gets more) Whoever
has will be given more; whoever does not have, even what they
have will be taken from them.”
The Parable of the Growing Seed
(2nd mention of the kingdom – another parable)
He also said, “This is what
the kingdom of God is like. A man scatters seed on the ground.
(growth is automatic) Night
and day, whether he sleeps or gets up, the seed sprouts and grows,
though he does not know how.
(growth is in stages) All
by itself the soil produces grain—first the stalk, then the head,
then the full kernel in the head.
(maturity = ready for harvest) As
soon as the grain is ripe, he puts the sickle to it, because the
harvest has come.”
The Parable of the Mustard Seed
(another kingdom parable) Again
he said, “What shall we say the kingdom of God is like, or
what parable shall we use to describe it?
(about a tiny mustard seed) It
is like a mustard seed, which is the smallest of all seeds on
(yet it grows to be the biggest) Yet
when planted, it grows and becomes the largest of all garden plants,
with such big branches that the birds can perch in its shade.”
Jesus' Teaching Method
used lots of parables in his teaching) With
many similar parables Jesus spoke the word to them, as much as
they could understand.
(yet with his disciples he explained them) He
did not say anything to them without using a parable. But
when he was alone with his own disciples, he explained everything.
2: End of the Day Miracle on the Lake: v.35-41
Jesus Calms the Storm
(Jesus' decision to leave) That
day when evening came, he said to his disciples, “Let us
go over to the other side.”
(they go to cross the lake) Leaving
the crowd behind, they took him along, just as he was, in the
boat. There were also other boats with him.
(a storm occurs & threatens them) A
furious squall came up, and the waves broke over the boat, so
that it was nearly swamped.
(Jesus sleeps, the disciples wake him) Jesus
was in the stern, sleeping on a cushion. The disciples woke him
and said to him, “Teacher, don't you care if we drown?”
(Jesus calms the storm) He
got up, rebuked the wind and said to the waves, “Quiet!
Be still!” Then the wind died down and it was completely
(he challenges the disciples lack of faith)
He said to his disciples, “Why
are you so afraid? Do you still have no faith?”
were awestruck by him) They
were terrified and asked each other, “Who is this? Even the wind
and the waves obey him!”