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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel

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Frameworks: Luke's Gospel, chapter 5

For preliminaries see chapter 1

   

v.1-11   Jesus Calls His First Disciples

v.12-16 Jesus Heals a Man With Leprosy

v.17-26 Jesus Forgives and Heals a Paralyzed Man

v.27-32 Jesus Calls Levi and Eats With Sinners

v.33-39 Jesus Declaration about new structures for a new kingdom

 

 

v.1-11 Jesus Calls His First Disciples

 

v.1 (one day he was teaching by the lake) One day as Jesus was standing by the Lake of Gennesaret, the people were crowding around him and listening to the word of God.

v.2 (there were two groups of fishermen nearby) He saw at the water's edge two boats, left there by the fishermen, who were washing their nets.

v.3 (he asked Simon if he could preach from his boat) He got into one of the boats, the one belonging to Simon, and asked him to put out a little from shore. Then he sat down and taught the people from the boat.

v.4 (afterwards he suggested to Peter they get a catch) When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into deep water, and let down the nets for a catch.”

v.5 (Peter demurred) Simon answered, “Master, we've worked hard all night and haven't caught anything. But because you say so, I will let down the nets.”

v.6 (Yet they caught a massive haul) When they had done so, they caught such a large number of fish that their nets began to break.

v.7 (and needed the other boat to help) So they signaled their partners in the other boat to come and help them, and they came and filled both boats so full that they began to sink.

v.8 (Peter is devastated) When Simon Peter saw this, he fell at Jesus' knees and said, “Go away from me, Lord; I am a sinful man!”

v.9,10 (Jesus reassures him) For he and all his companions were astonished at the catch of fish they had taken, and so were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, Simon's partners. Then Jesus said to Simon, “Don't be afraid; from now on you will fish for people.”

v.11 (so they left with Jesus) So they pulled their boats up on shore, left everything and followed him.

 

v.12-16 Jesus Heals a Man With Leprosy

 

v.12 (while traveling around a leper approached Jesus) While Jesus was in one of the towns, a man came along who was covered with leprosy . When he saw Jesus, he fell with his face to the ground and begged him, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean.”

v.13 (Jesus touched him and healed him) Jesus reached out his hand and touched the man. “I am willing,” he said. “Be clean!” And immediately the leprosy left him.

v.14 (Jesus told him to do what the Law required after a cleansing) Then Jesus ordered him, “Don't tell anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the sacrifices that Moses commanded for your cleansing, as a testimony to them.”

v.15 (the news about him spread even more) Yet the news about him spread all the more, so that crowds of people came to hear him and to be healed of their sicknesses.

v.16 (in order to pray Jesus often had to find solitude) But Jesus often withdrew to lonely places and prayed.

 

v.17-26 Jesus Forgives and Heals a Paralyzed Man

 

v.17 (one day when Jesus was teaching and healing Pharisees were watching) One day Jesus was teaching, and Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting there. They had come from every village of Galilee and from Judea and Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was with Jesus to heal the sick.

v.18 (some men brought a paralyzed man to Jesus) Some men came carrying a paralyzed man on a mat and tried to take him into the house to lay him before Jesus.

v.19 (so crowded was it they had to break through the roof) When they could not find a way to do this because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and lowered him on his mat through the tiles into the middle of the crowd, right in front of Jesus.

v.20 (Jesus forgave the man) When Jesus saw their faith, he said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven.”

v.21 (the Pharisees were upset at that) The Pharisees and the teachers of the law began thinking to themselves, “Who is this fellow who speaks blasphemy? Who can forgive sins but God alone?”

v.22 (Jesus challenged them) Jesus knew what they were thinking and asked, “Why are you thinking these things in your hearts?

v.23 (which is easier - to heal or to speak words) Which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,' or to say, ‘Get up and walk'?

v.24 (but to help you … he instructs the man) But I want you to know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” So he said to the paralyzed man, “I tell you, get up, take your mat and go home.”

v.25 (he is immediately healed) Immediately he stood up in front of them, took what he had been lying on and went home praising God.

v.26 (this amazes all the onlookers) Everyone was amazed and gave praise to God. They were filled with awe and said, “We have seen remarkable things today.”

 

v.27-32 Jesus Calls Levi and Eats With Sinners

 

v.27,28 (he calls tax-collector Levi to follow him) After this, Jesus went out and saw a tax collector by the name of Levi sitting at his tax booth. “Follow me,” Jesus said to him, and Levi got up, left everything and followed him.

v.29 (Levi sets up a feast for Jesus and invites his tax-collector friends) Then Levi held a great banquet for Jesus at his house, and a large crowd of tax collectors and others were eating with them .

v.30 (this upset the ‘religious' people) But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law who belonged to their sect complained to his disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?”

v.31,32 (Jesus explains) Jesus answered them, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”

 

v.33-39 Jesus Declaration about new structures for a new kingdom

 

v.33 (Jesus is questioned about prayer & fasting) They said to him, “John's disciples often fast and pray, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours go on eating and drinking.”

v.34 (do you fast at a wedding) Jesus answered, “Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast while he is with them?

v.35 (when the groom is gone, you can fast) But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them; in those days they will fast.”

v.36 (imagine mending an old garment with new material – they won't go together) He told them this parable: “No one tears a piece out of a new garment to patch an old one. Otherwise, they will have torn the new garment, and the patch from the new will not match the old.

v.37 (similarly you don't put new wine into old skins) And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the new wine will burst the skins; the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined.

v.38 (new wine needs new skins) No, new wine must be poured into new wineskins.

v.39 (those who drink old (matured) wine won't want new wine) And no one after drinking old wine wants the new, for they say, ‘The old is better.'” [Note: implication – the new life that Jesus was bringing would upset those who preferred the old and the old ‘structures' of religion wouldn't cope with the new ‘life']