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FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel

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FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel, Chapter 2


For preliminaries see chapter 1


v.1-7     The Birth of Jesus
v.8-21   The Angel comes to the Shepherds
v.22-40 Jesus Presented in the Temple
v.41-52 The Boy Jesus at the Temple


v.1-7 The Birth of Jesus


v.1 (the emperor exerts his will to bolster his pride) In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world.

v.2 (the date is specific) (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.)

v.3 (each family head had to return to his family home) And everyone went to their own town to register.

v.4 (so Joseph takes Mary to Bethlehem) So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David.

v.5  (the new little family to be registered) He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child.

v.6,7 (there it was that Jesus was born) While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no guest room available for them.



v.8-21 The Angel comes to the Shepherds


v.8 (the first ones to be told were shepherds) And there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night.

v.9 (an angel was sent to them) An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.

v.10 (he came bringing good news) But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. I bring you good news that will cause great joy for all the people.

v.11 (the Saviour, the Messiah had just been born) Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord.

v.12 (they would find him in a stable) This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.”

v.13 (then there was a heavenly choir) Suddenly a great company of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying,

v.14 (they praised and glorified God) “Glory to God in the highest heaven,   and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests.”

v.15 (afterwards the shepherds went down to Bethlehem…) When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let's go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”

v.16 (and found the little family as they had been told) So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger.

v.17,18 (they spread the news far and wide) When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child, and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them.

v.19 (Mary reflected on these things) But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart.

v.20 (the shepherds went back into the hills praising God) The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things they had heard and seen, which were just as they had been told.

v.21 (they named him Jesus as instructed) On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise the child, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he was conceived.



v.22-40 Jesus Presented in the Temple


v.22-24 (later they travelled up to Jerusalem to the temple) When the time came for the purification rites required by the Law of Moses, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord” [Exo 13:2,12], and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: “a pair of doves or two young pigeons.” [Lev. 12:8]

v.25 (Simeon a godly man was waiting for them) Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was on him.

v.26 (having been told he would see the Messiah) It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord's Messiah.

v.27 (the Spirit led him to the Temple as the young family came) Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required,

v.28 (he took the child in his arms) Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying:

v.29 (and thanked God) “Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you may now dismiss your servant in peace.
v.30-32 (for he saw the Lord's answer to prophecy)  For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of all nations: a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.”

v.33 (Mary & Joseph marvelled at this ) The child's father and mother marveled at what was said about him.

v.34,35 (then Simeon prophesied over the baby) Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: “This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too.”

v.36,37 (a prophetess, Anna was also there) There was also a prophet, Anna, the daughter of Penuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very old; she had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage, and then was a widow until she was eighty-four. She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying.

v.38 (she too came and praised God for the child) Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem.

v.39 (later Mary & Joseph eventually returned to Nazareth) When Joseph and Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth.

v.40 (and Jesus grew as a wonderful child) And the child grew and became strong; he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was on him.



v.41-52 The Boy Jesus at the Temple


v.41 (the family's regular trip to Jerusalem) Every year Jesus' parents went to Jerusalem for the Festival of the Passover.

v.42 (and Jesus was 12) When he was twelve years old, they went up to the festival, according to the custom.

v.43 (Jesus stayed behind) After the festival was over, while his parents were returning home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but they were unaware of it.

v.44 (his parents didn't realize) Thinking he was in their company, they traveled on for a day. Then they began looking for him among their relatives and friends.

v.45 (they return to look for him) When they did not find him, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him.

v.46 (after 3 days' searching they find him) After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions.

v.47 (people are amazed by him) Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers.

v.48 (his parents chide him) When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you.”

v. 49 (he gives a strange answer) “Why were you searching for me?” he asked. “Didn't you know I had to be in my Father's house?”

v.50 (but they didn't understand) But they did not understand what he was saying to them.

v.51 (Mary pondered these things) Then he went down to Nazareth with them and was obedient to them. But his mother treasured all these things in her heart.

v.52 (and Jesus grew well) And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man.



Continue to Chapter 3