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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel

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Frameworks: Luke's Gospel, chapter 19

     

For preliminaries see chapter 1

v.1-10 Zacchaeus the Tax Collector
v.11-27 The Parable of the Ten Minas
v.28-44 Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King
v.45-48 Jesus at the Temple

 

v.1-10 Zacchaeus the Tax Collector

 

v.1  (they enter Jericho) Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through.

v.2 (chief tax-collector Zacchaeus is there) A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy.

v.3 (he wanted to see Jesus ) He wanted to see who Jesus was, but because he was short he could not see over the crowd.

v.4 (so he climbs a tree to watch) So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore-fig tree to see him, since Jesus was coming that way.

v.5 (Jesus calls him down and invites himself to his home) When Jesus reached the spot, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down immediately. I must stay at your house today.”

v.6 (Zacchaeus responds ) So he came down at once and welcomed him gladly.

v.7 (the crowd object to him accepting this crook) All the people saw this and began to mutter, “He has gone to be the guest of a sinner.”

v.8 (Zacchaeus says he will make ammends) But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount.”

v.9 (Jesus approves him) Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham.

v.10 (for this is why he came) For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.”

 

v.11-27 The Parable of the Ten Minas

 

v.11 (he told another story) While they were listening to this, he went on to tell them a parable, because he was near Jerusalem and the people thought that the kingdom of God was going to appear at once.

v.12 (a man went off to become king before he returned) He said: “A man of noble birth went to a distant country to have himself appointed king and then to return.

v.13 (he gave his servants money to put to use) So he called ten of his servants and gave them ten minas. ‘Put this money to work,' he said, ‘until I come back.'

v.14 (some of his people rejected him) “But his subjects hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We don't want this man to be our king.'

v.15 (but he returned nevertheless and held an accounting) “He was made king, however, and returned home. Then he sent for the servants to whom he had given the money, in order to find out what they had gained with it.

v.16 (the first man had doubled his money) “The first one came and said, ‘Sir, your mina has earned ten more.'

v.17 (he is approved by the king and given proportionate authority) “‘Well done, my good servant!' his master replied. ‘Because you have been trustworthy in a very small matter, take charge of ten cities.'

v.18 (the second earned another 50%) “The second came and said, ‘Sir, your mina has earned five more.'

v.19 (he is given proportionate authority) “His master answered, ‘You take charge of five cities.'

v.20 (a third one handed back just what he had been given) “Then another servant came and said, ‘Sir, here is your mina; I have kept it laid away in a piece of cloth.

v.21 (he saw the king as a hard man) I was afraid of you, because you are a hard man. You take out what you did not put in and reap what you did not sow.'

v.22,23 (he is condemned for this) “His master replied, ‘I will judge you by your own words, you wicked servant! You knew, did you, that I am a hard man, taking out what I did not put in, and reaping what I did not sow? Why then didn't you put my money on deposit, so that when I came back, I could have collected it with interest?'

v.24 (his money is given to the riches servant) “Then he said to those standing by, ‘Take his mina away from him and give it to the one who has ten minas.'

v.25 (others question this) “‘Sir,' they said, ‘he already has ten!'

v.26 (Jesus lays down a principle) “He replied, ‘I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given, but as for the one who has nothing, even what they have will be taken away.

v.27 (those who reject him will be judged) But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them—bring them here and kill them in front of me.'”

 

v.28-44 Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King

 

v.28 (after this they leave for Jerusalem) After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.

v.29-31 (nearing there he sent two disciples ahead with instructions) As he approached Bethphage and Bethany at the hill called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, “Go to the village ahead of you, and as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here. If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?' say, ‘The Lord needs it.'”

v.32-35 (they obey and bring a colt for him to ride on) Those who were sent ahead went and found it just as he had told them. As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?” They replied, “The Lord needs it.” They brought it to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it.

v.36 (the crowds spread a ‘road' for a king) As he went along, people spread their cloaks on the road.

v.37,38 (the crowd rejoice loudly) When he came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of disciples began joyfully to praise God in loud voices for all the miracles they had seen: “Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!” [Psa 118:26] “Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”

v.39 (the Pharisees object) Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples!”

v.40 (Jesus rejects their objection) “I tell you,” he replied, “if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out.”

v.41,42 (he wept over Jerusalem) As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he wept over it and said, “If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace—but now it is hidden from your eyes.

v.43 (he foresaw the days of siege that would come) The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side.

v.44 (and the death and destruction that would follow) They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God's coming to you.”

 

v.45-48 Jesus at the Temple

 

v.45 (in the temple he drives out the market sellers) When Jesus entered the temple courts, he began to drive out those who were selling.

v.46 (he quotes scripture) “It is written,” he said to them, “‘My house will be a house of prayer' [Isa 56:7]; but you have made it ‘a den of robbers.' [Jer 7:11]

v.47 (while he taught there the authorities plotted to kill him) Every day he was teaching at the temple. But the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the leaders among the people were trying to kill him.

v.48 (but the people were on his side) Yet they could not find any way to do it, because all the people hung on his words.