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FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel

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FRAMEWORKS: Luke's Gospel, Chapter 13


v.1-5 Guilt & Death

v.6-9 Parable of the Fig Tree

v.10-17 Jesus Heals a Crippled Woman on the Sabbath

v.18-21 The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast

v.22-30 The Narrow Door

v.31-35 Jesus' Sorrow for Jerusalem



v.1-5 Guilt & Death


v.1 (some imply some Galileans who died at Roman hands had been bigger sinners) Now there were some present at that time who told Jesus about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices.

v.2 (they were no worse than any others, he replies) Jesus answered, “Do you think that these Galileans were worse sinners than all the other Galileans because they suffered this way?

v.3 (repentance is the only issue that will save any of you) I tell you, no! But unless you repent, you too will all perish.

v.4 (those killed in that tower collapse were no worse either) Or those eighteen who died when the tower in Siloam fell on them—do you think they were more guilty than all the others living in Jerusalem?

v.5 (no, I say again repentance is the issue for all of you) I tell you, no! But unless you repent, you too will all perish.”



v.6-9 Parable of the Fig Tree


v.6 (a man had a fig tree that bore no fruit) Then he told this parable: “A man had a fig tree growing in his vineyard, and he went to look for fruit on it but did not find any.

v.7 (having been looking for three years he determined to cut it down) So he said to the man who took care of the vineyard, ‘For three years now I've been coming to look for fruit on this fig tree and haven't found any. Cut it down! Why should it use up the soil?'

v.8 (his manager suggested one more year's reprieve) “‘Sir,' the man replied, ‘leave it alone for one more year, and I'll dig around it and fertilize it.

v.9 (OK, just one more year) If it bears fruit next year, fine! If not, then cut it down.'”



v.10-17 Jesus Heals a Crippled Woman on the Sabbath


v.10,11 (while teaching in a synagogue Jesus sees a crippled woman) On a Sabbath Jesus was teaching in one of the synagogues, and a woman was there who had been crippled by a spirit for eighteen years. She was bent over and could not straighten up at all.

v.12 (he declares freedom for her) When Jesus saw her, he called her forward and said to her, “Woman, you are set free from your infirmity.”

v.13 (she is healed) Then he put his hands on her, and immediately she straightened up and praised God.

v.14 (the callous synagogue leader is offended) Indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, the synagogue leader said to the people, “There are six days for work. So come and be healed on those days, not on the Sabbath.”

v.15 (Jesus turned on them pointing out they would each care for their ox on the Sabbath) The Lord answered him, “You hypocrites! Doesn't each of you on the Sabbath untie your ox or donkey from the stall and lead it out to give it water?

v.16 (then is it worse to free this poor woman) Then should not this woman, a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has kept bound for eighteen long years, be set free on the Sabbath day from what bound her?”

v.17 (they were shamed) When he said this, all his opponents were humiliated, but the people were delighted with all the wonderful things he was doing.



v.18-21 The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast


v.18 (he asked about the kingdom of God) Then Jesus asked, “What is the kingdom of God like? What shall I compare it to?

v.19 (and likened it to a tiny mustard see that grows into a tree) It is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his garden. It grew and became a tree, and the birds perched in its branches.”

v.20 (again he asks) Again he asked, “What shall I compare the kingdom of God to?

v.21 (it's like yeast in the dough that works its way through the whole dough) It is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty pounds of flour until it worked all through the dough.”



v.22-30 The Narrow Door


v.22  (on his way to Jerusalem he teaches in every town and village) Then Jesus went through the towns and villages, teaching as he made his way to Jerusalem.

v.23 (someone asked how many will be saved) Someone asked him, “Lord, are only a few people going to be saved?” He said to them,

v.24 (it's a narrow door, he replies, and so not all will be able to enter) “Make every effort to enter through the narrow door, because many, I tell you, will try to enter and will not be able to.

v.25 (once the door is shut some will be shut outside) Once the owner of the house gets up and closes the door, you will stand outside knocking and pleading, ‘Sir, open the door for us.' “But he will answer, ‘I don't know you or where you come from.'

v.26 (they will make excuses) “Then you will say, ‘We ate and drank with you, and you taught in our streets.'

v.27 (but the owner will deny knowing them) “But he will reply, ‘I don't know you or where you come from. Away from me, all you evildoers!'

v.28 (there will be much anguish when the faithless are shut out) “There will be weeping there, and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but you yourselves thrown out.

v.29 (many from all over the world will come and enter) People will come from east and west and north and south, and will take their places at the feast in the kingdom of God.

v.30 (those you might expect to be last will be first in line and vice-versa) Indeed there are those who are last who will be first, and first who will be last.”



v.31-35 Jesus' Sorrow for Jerusalem


v.31 (Pharisees tried to make him leave) At that time some Pharisees came to Jesus and said to him, “Leave this place and go somewhere else. Herod wants to kill you.”

v.32 (he resisted) He replied, “Go tell that fox, ‘I will keep on driving out demons and healing people today and tomorrow, and on the third day I will reach my goal.'

v.33 (he can't die outside Jerusalem) In any case, I must press on today and tomorrow and the next day—for surely no prophet can die outside Jerusalem!

v.34 (how often God had yearned to draw the people of Jerusalem to Himself) “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were not willing.

v.35 (yet they have rejected Him) Look, your house is left to you desolate. I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.' [Psa 118:26]”



Continue to Chapter 14