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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Leviticus

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FRAMEWORKS: Leviticus 8 : The Ordination of Aaron and His Sons

 

v.1-5 The Assembly Gather

v.6-9 Aaron Washed & Clothed

v.10-12 Aaron Anointed

v.13 Aaron's Sons Presented & Dressed

v.14,15 Sin Offering Bull's blood for atonement

v.16,17 Body Burned

v.18-21 Burnt Offering Ram slaughtered

v.22-24 Second Ram's blood used

v.25-28 Wave Offering becomes a Burnt Offering for the Priests

v.29-30 Priests consecrated with blood

v.31,32 Priests eat the meat

v.33-36 Seven days of ordination

 

 

v.1-5 The Assembly Gather

 

v.1 The Lord said to Moses,

v.2 “Bring Aaron and his sons, their garments, the anointing oil, the bull for the sin offering, the two rams and the basket containing bread made without yeast,

v.3 and gather the entire assembly at the entrance to the tent of meeting.”

v.4 Moses did as the Lord commanded him, and the assembly gathered at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

v.5 Moses said to the assembly, “This is what the Lord has commanded to be done.”

 

[Notes: The Ordination of Aaron, a one-off historical event, was to take place before the people who would act as witnesses and know there is no question as to his role or authority.]

 

 

v.6-9 Aaron Washed & Clothed

 

v.6 Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and washed them with water.

v.7 He put the tunic on Aaron, tied the sash around him, clothed him with the robe and put the ephod on him. He also fastened the ephod with a decorative waistband, which he tied around him.

v.8 He placed the breast-piece on him and put the Urim and Thummim in the breast-piece.

v.9 Then he placed the turban on Aaron's head and set the gold plate, the sacred emblem, on the front of it, as the Lord commanded Moses.

 

[Notes: This is to be seen as a holy operation and so even as Israel had had to clean themselves up before originally meeting with God [Ex 19:10,14] Aaron is ritually washed before he was dressed in the appointed priests apparel.]

  

   

v.10-12 Aaron Anointed

 

v.10 Then Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything in it, and so consecrated them.

v.11 He sprinkled some of the oil on the altar seven times, anointing the altar and all its utensils and the basin with its stand, to consecrate them.

v.12 He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him to consecrate him.

 

[Notes: The next part was anointing him with oil and the altar etc. that he would oversee, as a sign of the touch of the Holy Spirit on all that went on. The oil was poured over his head – see reference in Psa 133:2]

 

 

v.13 Aaron's Sons Presented & Dressed

 

v.13 Then he brought Aaron's sons forward, put tunics on them, tied sashes around them and fastened caps on them, as the Lord commanded Moses.

 

[Notes: The first phase had been to pick out Aaron. The second phase now includes his sons, also to be assisting priests.]

 

 

v.14,15 Sin Offering Bull's blood for atonement

 

v.14 He then presented the bull for the sin offering, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head.

v.15 Moses slaughtered the bull and took some of the blood, and with his finger he put it on all the horns of the altar to purify the altar . He poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. So he consecrated it to make atonement for it.

 

[Notes: Having dressed them all, they now have to acknowledge their sinfulness and unworthiness to enter the presence of the holy God without atonement being made through the sin offering. This is not for any particular sin, but simply in the recognition, as Paul declared centuries later, “All have sinned and come short of the glory of God" – Rom 3:23 and also anything they put their hands to, i.e. the altar.]

 

 

v.16,17 Body Burned

 

v.16 Moses also took all the fat around the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, and both kidneys and their fat, and burned it on the altar.

v.17 But the bull with its hide and its flesh and its intestines he burned up outside the camp, as the Lord commanded Moses.

 

[Notes: So with the blood having been used, the inner parts are burned on the altar and the rest burned outside the camp.]

 

 

v.18-21 Burnt Offering Ram slaughtered

 

v.18 He then presented the ram for the burnt offering , and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head.

v.19 Then Moses slaughtered the ram and splashed the blood against the sides of the altar.

v.20 He cut the ram into pieces and burned the head, the pieces and the fat.

v.21 He washed the internal organs and the legs with water and burned the whole ram on the altar. It was a burnt offering, a pleasing aroma, a food offering presented to the Lord, as the Lord commanded Moses.

 

[Notes: The bull had dealt with their sinfulness, now a ram is killed as a simple burnt offering, a simple sign of giving to God and desiring to bless Him, hence the picture of aroma ascending to Him and it being food offered to Him.]

 

 

v.22-24 Second Ram's blood used

 

v.22 He then presented the other ram, the ram for the ordination, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head.

v.23 Moses slaughtered the ram and took some of its blood and put it on the lobe of Aaron's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.

v.24 Moses also brought Aaron's sons forward and put some of the blood on the lobes of their right ears, on the thumbs of their right hands and on the big toes of their right feet. Then he splashed blood against the sides of the altar.

 

[Notes: So the first ram has been used for its ‘purifying' blood and as a burnt offering indication of desire to please God, and now the second one is used, not merely to get past their sinfulness, but now to declare them holy and fit for the role of priest. Thus the sacrificed blood is dabbed on each of their extremities as we've noted before.]

 

 

v.25-28 Wave Offering becomes a Burnt Offering for the Priests

 

v.25 After that, he took the fat, the fat tail, all the fat around the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, both kidneys and their fat and the right thigh.

v.26  And from the basket of bread made without yeast, which was before the Lord, he took one thick loaf, one thick loaf with olive oil mixed in, and one thin loaf, and he put these on the fat portions and on the right thigh.

v.27 He put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons, and they waved them before the Lord as a wave offering.

v.28 Then Moses took them from their hands and burned them on the altar on top of the burnt offering as an ordination offering, a pleasing aroma, a food offering presented to the Lord.

 

[Notes: The blood of the second ram having been used, the ‘good portions', together with a loaf, are waved by Aaron and his sons as if to say, “Look Lord, we're giving this to you, we want to bless you." They are then burnt on the altar as a burnt offering indication of desire to please God, again the picture of aroma ascending to Him and it being food offered to Him, a sign of fellowship and desire to bless.]

 

 

v.29-30 Priests consecrated with blood

 

v.29 Moses also took the breast, which was his share of the ordination ram, and waved it before the Lord as a wave offering, as the Lord commanded Moses.

v.30 Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood from the altar and sprinkled them on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. So he consecrated Aaron and his garments and his sons and their garments.

 

[Notes: Moses takes the breast as his portion as officiating priest, and takes some of the blood, sprinkling it on Aaron, almost as a seal, if you like, of him having been atoned for by the death of this animal and consecrated for God's service.]

 

 

v.31,32 Priests eat the meat

 

v.31 Moses then said to Aaron and his sons, “Cook the meat at the entrance to the tent of meeting and eat it there with the bread from the basket of ordination offerings, as I was commanded: ‘Aaron and his sons are to eat it.'

v.32 Then burn up the rest of the meat and the bread.

 

[Notes: As previously seen in Exodus 29 after burning the best portions as a burnt offering, having used the blood to consecrate the priests before God, the final act is for the priests to sit at the entrance of the Tent and have a meal of the remaining meat with bread.]

 

 

v.33-36 Seven days of ordination

 

v.33 Do not leave the entrance to the tent of meeting for seven days, until the days of your ordination are completed, for your ordination will last seven days.

v.34 What has been done today was commanded by the Lord to make atonement for you.

v.35 You must stay at the entrance to the tent of meeting day and night for seven days and do what the Lord requires, so you will not die; for that is what I have been commanded.”

v.36 So Aaron and his sons did everything the Lord commanded through Moses.

 

Notes: As previously stated in Ex 29:36,37, atonement is to be made every day for seven days. Thus the week is consecrated.]

     

    

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 9