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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Leviticus

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FRAMEWORKS: Leviticus 5: Offences & Sin Offering

 

Context:

 

1:3-17

BURNT OFFERING

2:1-16

GRAIN OFFERING

3:1-16

FELLOWSHIP OFFERING

4:1- 5:13

SIN OFFERING

5:14 - 6:7

GUILT OFFERING

 

v.1-5 Three Offences requiring Confession

v.6-13 Three forms of the Sin Offering

v.14-19 The Guilt Offering

 

 

v.1-5 Three Offences requiring Confession

 

v.1 Failure to speak up

v.1 “‘If anyone sins because they do not speak up when they hear a public charge to testify regarding something they have seen or learned about, they will be held responsible.

v.2,3 Unwittingly touching something ‘unclean'

v.2 “‘If anyone becomes aware that they are guilty—if they unwittingly touch anything ceremonially unclean (whether the carcass of an unclean animal, wild or domestic, or of any unclean creature that moves along the ground) and they are unaware that they have become unclean, but then they come to realize their guilt;

v.3 or if they touch human uncleanness (anything that would make them unclean) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt;

v.4 A Careless vow

v.4 or if anyone thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything, whether good or evil (in any matter one might carelessly swear about) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt—

v.5 Awareness creates need to confess

v.5 when anyone becomes aware that they are guilty in any of these matters, they must confess in what way they have sinned.

 

[Notes: Chapter 4 introduced us to the concept of a Sin Offering and the following verses 6 to 13 will show is the different forms that offering can take. Meanwhile v.1-5 gives us illustrations of the various forms that sin can take – the sins of omission [v.1], sins of breaking the rules [v.2,3], sins of careless speaking [v.4] – and these sins all need confession, the acknowledgement that we failed.]

 

 

v.6-13 Three forms of the Sin Offering

 

v.6 Offering a Goat

v.6 As a penalty for the sin they have committed, they must bring to the Lord a female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement for them for their sin.

v.7-10 Offering birds

v.7 “‘Anyone who cannot afford a lamb is to bring two doves or two young pigeons to the Lord as a penalty for their sin—one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.

v.8 They are to bring them to the priest, who shall first offer the one for the sin offering. He is to wring its head from its neck, not dividing it completely,

v.9 and is to splash some of the blood of the sin offering against the side of the altar; the rest of the blood must be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering.

v.10 The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way and make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.

v.11,12 Offering Flour

v.11 “‘If, however, they cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons , they are to bring as an offering for their sin about 3.5 pounds (1.6k) of the finest flour for a sin offering. They must not put olive oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.

v.12 They are to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the food offerings presented to the Lord. It is a sin offering.

v.13 It makes Atonement

v.13 In this way the priest will make atonement for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.'”

 

[Notes: These rules are rules of grace. They start out by saying sins need atoning for and that should be done with the use of a sheep or goat [v.6] but there is the recognition that not everyone would own a sheep or goat, and so then there is the option of bringing two birds instead. The ‘sinner' brings the offering but the priest handles it [v.6b,8,10] But then there is provision for those at the bottom of the social scale who cannot even afford a couple of birds, they are permitted to bring a flour, oil, incense mix to be burnt. In this latter case only part of it is burnt and then rest given to the priests. All offerings bring atonement.]

 

 

v.14-19 The Guilt Offering

 

v.14 The Lord said to Moses:

v.15 The Need & the Method

v.15 “When anyone is unfaithful to the Lord by sinning unintentionally in regard to any of the Lord's holy things, they are to bring to the Lord as a penalty a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt offering.

v.16 Restitution

v.16 They must make restitution for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.

v.17 Unaware sin still means guilt

v.17 “If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord's commands, even though they do not know it, they are guilty and will be held responsible.

v.18,19 The ram as a guilt offering brings atonement

v.18 They are to bring to the priest as a guilt offering a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.

v.19 It is a guilt offering; they have been guilty of wrongdoing against the Lord.”

 

[Notes: The need for this offering shown here is failure in respect of somehow doing something wrong in respect of the tabernacle, offerings etc. and requires both restitution and paying a fine. Unwitting sin still means guilt and the guilt offering will a male sheep to make atonement for the sin.]

     

    

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 6