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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Judges

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FRAMEWORKS: Judges 19: The Mishaps of a Levite


v.1-3 A Levite and his Concubine part and rejoin

v.4-9 His father-in-law keeps getting him to delay leaving

v.10-14 Eventually they leave and get to Gibeah by nightfall

v.15-21 An old man offers them hospitality

v.22-26 Men of the city demand the man but are given the concubine

v.27 The Levite cuts up the dead concubine and calls out Israel



v.1-3 A Levite and his Concubine part and rejoin


v.1 In those days Israel had no king.

Now a Levite who lived in a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim took a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.

v.2 But she was unfaithful to him. She left him and went back to her parents' home in Bethlehem, Judah. After she had been there four months,

v.3 her husband went to her to persuade her to return. He had with him his servant and two donkeys. She took him into her parents' home, and when her father saw him, he gladly welcomed him.


[Notes: We appear to have another Levite story, but this one is about a relationship that goes wrong and leads on the other massive wrongs. His concubine leaves him and goes home and some time later he goes to her parents' home to persuade her to go back with him. He was welcomed by his father-in-law.]



v.4-9 His father-in-law keeps getting him to delay leaving


v.4 His father-in-law, the woman's father, prevailed on him to stay; so he remained with him three days, eating and drinking, and sleeping there.

v.5 On the fourth day they got up early and he prepared to leave, but the woman's father said to his son-in-law, “Refresh yourself with something to eat; then you can go.”

v.6 So the two of them sat down to eat and drink together. Afterward the woman's father said, “Please stay tonight and enjoy yourself.”

v.7 And when the man got up to go, his father-in-law persuaded him, so he stayed there that night.

v.8 On the morning of the fifth day, when he rose to go, the woman's father said, “Refresh yourself. Wait till afternoon!” So the two of them ate together.

v.9 Then when the man, with his concubine and his servant, got up to leave, his father-in-law, the woman's father, said, “Now look, it's almost evening. Spend the night here; the day is nearly over. Stay and enjoy yourself. Early tomorrow morning you can get up and be on your way home.”


[Notes: For five days his father-in-law persuades him to remain there and when eventually he feels he can stay no longer his father-in-law keeps on so that they eventually only leave in the afternoon. A lesson how small things can have big consequences. ]



v.10-14 Eventually they leave and get to Gibeah by nightfall


v.10 But, unwilling to stay another night, the man left and went toward Jebus (that is, Jerusalem), with his two saddled donkeys and his concubine.

v.11 When they were near Jebus and the day was almost gone, the servant said to his master, “Come, let's stop at this city of the Jebusites and spend the night.”

v.12 His master replied, “No. We won't go into any city whose people are not Israelites. We will go on to Gibeah.”

v.13 He added, “Come, let's try to reach Gibeah or Ramah and spend the night in one of those places.”

v.14 So they went on, and the sun set as they neared Gibeah in Benjamin.


[Notes: Eventually he gets away from Bethlehem and on their route back home pass near Jerusalem and when his servant suggests they stop overnight there, he refuses because the Jebusites were not Israelites and so kept going until they are out of Judah's territory and in Benjamin's.]



v.15-21 An old man offers them hospitality


v.15 There they stopped to spend the night. They went and sat in the city square, but no one took them in for the night.

v.16 That evening an old man from the hill country of Ephraim, who was living in Gibeah (the inhabitants of the place were Benjamites), came in from his work in the fields.

v.17 When he looked and saw the traveler in the city square, the old man asked, “Where are you going? Where did you come from?”

v.18 He answered, “We are on our way from Bethlehem in Judah to a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim where I live. I have been to Bethlehem in Judah and now I am going to the house of the Lord. No one has taken me in for the night.

v.19 We have both straw and fodder for our donkeys and bread and wine for ourselves your servants—me, the woman and the young man with us. We don't need anything.”

v.20 “You are welcome at my house,” the old man said. “Let me supply whatever you need. Only don't spend the night in the square.”

v.21 So he took him into his house and fed his donkeys. After they had washed their feet, they had something to eat and drink.


[Notes: They reach Gibeah and sat in the square until an old man living there, but from their own territory of Ephraim, sees them and offers them a roof for the night. Eventually they go in and eat with him.]



v.22-26 Men of the city demand the man but are given the concubine


v.22 While they were enjoying themselves, some of the wicked men of the city surrounded the house. Pounding on the door, they shouted to the old man who owned the house, “Bring out the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him.”

v.23 The owner of the house went outside and said to them, “No, my friends, don't be so vile. Since this man is my guest, don't do this outrageous thing.

v.24 Look, here is my virgin daughter, and his concubine. I will bring them out to you now, and you can use them and do to them whatever you wish. But as for this man, don't do such an outrageous thing.”

v.25 But the men would not listen to him. So the man took his concubine and sent her outside to them, and they raped her and abused her throughout the night, and at dawn they let her go.

v.26 At daybreak the woman went back to the house where her master was staying, fell down at the door and lay there until daylight.


[Notes: Word gets out that there is a stranger in town and some men come demanding they have sex with the Levite. The old man goes out and tries to dissuade them but they will not be put off. Out of desperation, presumably, the Levite pushes his concubine outside where she is gang raped and then abandoned. In the morning she totters to the house and collapses.]



v.27-30 The Levite cuts up the dead concubine and calls out Israel


v.27 When her master got up in the morning and opened the door of the house and stepped out to continue on his way, there lay his concubine, fallen in the doorway of the house, with her hands on the threshold.

v.28 He said to her, “Get up; let's go.” But there was no answer. Then the man put her on his donkey and set out for home.

v.29 When he reached home, he took a knife and cut up his concubine, limb by limb, into twelve parts and sent them into all the areas of Israel.

v.30 Everyone who saw it was saying to one another, “Such a thing has never been seen or done, not since the day the Israelites came up out of Egypt. Just imagine! We must do something! So speak up!”


[Notes: When the Levite opens the door in the morning he finds her dead. He heaps her on his donkey and leaves. It is a most terrible incident from every aspect and there can be no excuses for it. When he gets home, he is so angry that he cuts up her body and sends the twelve parts, presumably by twelve servants, to all the tribal areas. Every tribal leader is, understandably, utterly shocked.]