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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Judges

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FRAMEWORKS: Judges 10: Failure & Repentance


v.1,2 Minor Judge - Tola

v.3-5 Minor Judge - Jair

v.6-9 Phases 1 & 2 of the cycle start again

v.10-17 Phase 3 of the cycle – repentance



v.1,2 Minor Judge - Tola


v.1 After the time of Abimelek, a man of Issachar named Tola son of Puah, the son of Dodo, rose to save Israel. He lived in Shamir, in the hill country of Ephraim.

v.2 He led Israel twenty-three years; then he died, and was buried in Shamir.


[Notes: There is no indication how this judge rose up, simply that he did “to save Israel” and kept them for 23 years. For the lack of information he tends to be referred to as a ‘minor judge'. This is not to do with his effect, merely the amount of information given about him.]



v.3-5 Minor Judge - Jair


v.3 He was followed by Jair of Gilead, who led Israel twenty-two years.

v.4 He had thirty sons, who rode thirty donkeys. They controlled thirty towns in Gilead, [to the east of the Jordan] which to this day are called Havvoth Jair.

v.When Jair died, he was buried in Kamon.


[Notes: Intriguingly although identified as a leader-judge, his family only operated over an area to the east of the Jordan. Another minor judge.]



v.6-9 Phases 1 & 2 of the cycle start again


v.6 Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord. They served the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the Ammonites and the gods of the Philistines. And because the Israelites forsook the Lord and no longer served him,

v.he became angry with them. He sold them into the hands of the Philistines and the Ammonites,

v.8 who that year shattered and crushed them. For eighteen years they oppressed all the Israelites on the east side of the Jordan in Gilead, the land of the Amorites.

v.9 The Ammonites also crossed the Jordan to fight against Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim; Israel was in great distress.


[Notes: When the two previously named judges have passed on, the cycle starts all over again. The lack of leadership leads to the nation falling back into idolatry and the Lord's discipline comes first in the form of the Philistines from the south-west and then by the Ammonites whose territory was to the east of the Dead Sea [a people Moses had been told to leave alone – Deut 1:19]



v.10-17 Phase 3 of the cycle – repentance


v.10 Then the Israelites cried out to the Lord , “We have sinned against you, forsaking our God and serving the Baals.”

v.11 The Lord replied, “When the Egyptians, the Amorites, the Ammonites, the Philistines,

v.12 the Sidonians, the Amalekites and the Maonites oppressed you and you cried to me for help, did I not save you from their hands?

v.13 But you have forsaken me and served other gods, so I will no longer save you.

v.14 Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. Let them save you when you are in trouble!”

v.15 But the Israelites said to the Lord , “We have sinned. Do with us whatever you think best, but please rescue us now.”

v.16 Then they got rid of the foreign gods among them and served the Lord . And he could bear Israel's misery no longer.

v.17 When the Ammonites were called to arms and camped in Gilead, the Israelites assembled and camped at Mizpah.

v.18 The leaders of the people of Gilead said to each other, “Whoever will take the lead in attacking the Ammonites will be head over all who live in Gilead.”


[Notes: After eighteen years [v.8] Israel have had enough and cry out to the Lord in repentance. The Lord's response [?through a prophet?] is to rebuke them for their apostasy but they continue to plead with Him, and do a general clearing up of idols, which eventually moves the Lord's heart. Israel wonder who should lead them.]