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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 4


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)




v.1-26   Jesus Talks with a Samaritan Woman

v.27-38 The Disciples rejoin Jesus

v.39-42 Many Samaritans Believe

v.43-54 Jesus Heals an Official's Son



v.1-26 Jesus Talks with a Samaritan Woman


v.1-6 Arrival in Samaria


v.1,2 (Jesus hears of the Pharisees) Now Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that he was gaining and baptizing more disciples than John— although in fact it was not Jesus who baptized, but his disciples.

v.3 (so he leaves Judea and returns to Galilee) So he left Judea and went back once more to Galilee.

v.4 (this required going through Samaria) Now he had to go through Samaria.

v.5 (he came near Sychar) So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph.

v.6 (he stopped at a well) Jacob's well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about noon.



v.7-15 Jesus talks to the woman about living water


v.7 (when a Samaritan women comes he asks for water) When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?”

v.8 (the disciples had gone to town for food) (His disciples had gone into the town to buy food.)

v.9 (the woman points out he's a Jew) T he Samaritan woman said to him, “You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.)

v.10 (he speaks about living water) Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.”

v.11 (she questions him) “Sir,” the woman said, “you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water?

v.12 (she speaks of their ancestry) Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?”

v.13,14 (Jesus speaks of living water he can provide) Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”

v.15 (she asks for this water) The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water so that I won't get thirsty and have to keep coming here to draw water.”


(Note: if she is to receive from him she needs to face herself)



v.16-19 Jesus confronts her lifestyle


v.16 (he speaks about her husband) He told her, “Go, call your husband and come back.”

v.17 (she confesses she has no husband) “I have no husband,” she replied. Jesus said to her, “You are right when you say you have no husband.

v.18 (Jesus speaks [word of knowledge] about her true situation) The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.”

v.19 (she recognises revelation) “Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet.



v.20-26 They talk about worship & the Messiah

v.20 (she hedges the argument to worship) Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.”

v.21 (Jesus speaks about her future openness to God) “Woman,” Jesus replied, “believe me, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.

v.22 (he prods about their history) You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews.

v.23 (he speaks of the present, a new worship) Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks.

v.24 (it's all about spirit) God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”

v.25 (she tentatively wonders about the Messiah) The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”

v.26 (he acknowledges that is he) Then Jesus declared, “I, the one speaking to you—I am he.”



v.27-38 The Disciples rejoin Jesus


v.27 (the disciples return) Just then his disciples returned and were surprised to find him talking with a woman. But no one asked, “What do you want?” or “Why are you talking with her?”

v.28,29 (he witnesses back in the town) Then, leaving her water jar, the woman went back to the town and said to the people, “Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did. Could this be the Messiah?”

v.30 (so townspeople come to see) They came out of the town and made their way toward him.

v.31 (the disciples are concerned for him) Meanwhile his disciples urged him, “Rabbi, eat something.”

v.32 (he says he has food) But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you know nothing about.

v.33 (they wonder) Then his disciples said to each other, “Could someone have brought him food?”

v.34 (his food is doing his Father's will) “My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work.

v.35 (he says harvest time is there) Don't you have a saying, ‘It's still four months until harvest'? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest.

v.36 (it's time for it all to come together to bring salvation) Even now the one who reaps draws a wage and harvests a crop for eternal life, so that the sower and the reaper may be glad together.

v.37 (usually it takes two roles) Thus the saying ‘One sows and another reaps' is true.

v.38 (their role is to be harvesters) I sent you to reap what you have not worked for. Others have done the hard work, and you have reaped the benefits of their labour.”



v.39-42 Many Samaritans Believe


v.39 (many Samaritan believed) Many of the Samaritans from that town believed in him because of the woman's testimony, “He told me everything I ever did.”

v.40 (he stayed two days there) So when the Samaritans came to him, they urged him to stay with them, and he stayed two days.

v.41 (many more believed) And because of his words many more became believers.

v.42 (hearing for themselves they believed) They said to the woman, “We no longer believe just because of what you said; now we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this man really is the Saviour of the world.”



v.43-54 Jesus Heals an Official's Son


v.43 (he then left for Galilee ) After the two days he left for Galilee.

v.44 (yet implies he is ore believed in an alien culture) (Now Jesus himself had pointed out that a prophet has no honour in his own country.)

v.45 (in Galilee he is welcome because of what he had done in Jerusalem) When he arrived in Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him. They had seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival, for they also had been there.

v.46 (he again visited Cana where there is a need) Once more he visited Cana in Galilee, where he had turned the water into wine. And there was a certain royal official whose son lay sick at Capernaum.

v.47 (the man begs Jesus for help) When this man heard that Jesus had arrived in Galilee from Judea, he went to him and begged him to come and heal his son, who was close to death.

v.48 (Jesus implied the man struggled because he had not been in Jerusalem) “Unless you people see signs and wonders,” Jesus told him, “you will never believe.”

v.49 (the man persists) The royal official said, “Sir, come down before my child dies.”

v.50 (Jesus said it was done. The man believed) “Go,” Jesus replied, “your son will live.” The man took Jesus at his word and departed.

v.51 (his servants came and told him his son was healed) While he was still on the way, his servants met him with the news that his boy was living.

v.52 (he enquired when it had happened ) When he inquired as to the time when his son got better, they said to him, “Yesterday, at one in the afternoon, the fever left him.”

v.53 (he realises it was when Jesus declared it) Then the father realized that this was the exact time at which Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.” So he and his whole household believed.

v.54 (the second ‘sign') This was the second sign Jesus performed after coming from Judea to Galilee.