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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 2


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in in italic a description of what is happening)

[Additional Notes: any regular reader of the Bible knows that there are often footnotes at the bottom of pages explaining possible variants of a few words in the occasional verse. The footnotes also give references sometimes of the quotes from the Old Testament. Paul being a Jewish scholar uses such quotes in increasing numbers in some of these chapters. References to the ‘Septuagint' is in respect of Greek translations of the Old Testament scrolls that started to come into being a little under 300 years before Christ, initially by seventy two scholars but added to as the years went on. The reason for the Greek translation is that many Jews lived outside Israel and historians suggest they came under such Greek influence that they were more comfortable with Greek rather than the original Hebrew. The Greek and Hebrew scriptures thus often differed in small ways of interpretation and New Testament writers often used the Greek words rather than the original Hebrew, hence the differences. We have not picked up on general footnotes and have only included references within the text.]




v.1-12 Jesus Changes Water into Wine

v.13-17 Jesus Clears the Temple Courts

v.18-22 Jesus challenged over his authority

v.23-25 Jesus ministers in Jerusalem



v.1-12 Jesus Changes Water into Wine


v.1,2  (venue: a wedding in Cana. Jesus is invited) On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus' mother was there, and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding.

v.3  (his mother points out a crisis) When the wine was gone, Jesus' mother said to him, “They have no more wine.”

v.4  (Jesus hesitates) “Woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My hour has not yet come.”

v.5  (she nevertheless instructs the servants) His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”

v.6  (there are six large water jars there) Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.

v.7  (Jesus instructs the servants to fill them with water) Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim.

v.8-10  (he then told then to draw some. It has turned into choice wine) Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.” They did so, and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.”

v.11  (this first sign stirred belief) What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.

v.12  (he then went to Capernaum) After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother and brothers and his disciples. There they stayed for a few days.



v.13-17 Jesus Clears the Temple Courts


v.13  (at Passover he goes to Jerusalem) When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

v.14  (the temple courts have become a market) In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money.

v.15  (he drove out the animals and upset the tables) So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables.

v.16  (he rebuked the sellers) To those who sold doves he said, “Get these out of here! Stop turning my Father's house into a market!”

v.17  (later his disciples remember Psa 69:9) His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.”



v.18-22 Jesus challenged over his authority


v.18  (the Jews demand a sign) The Jews then responded to him, “What sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?”

v.19  (he challenges destroy this temple and I will rebuild it) Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”

v.20  (they deny this is possible) They replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?”

v.21  (but he is referring to his body) But the temple he had spoken of was his body.

v.22  (the disciples remember this after the resurrection) After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.



v.23-25 Jesus ministers in Jerusalem


v.23  (he heals people and they believe) Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival, many people saw the signs he was performing and believed in his name.

v.24  (yet he didn't open himself to them) But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all people.

v.25  (he didn't need their testimonies) He did not need any testimony about mankind, for he knew what was in each person.