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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: John's Gospel

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Frameworks: John's Gospel, chapter 10

 

(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

 

 

CHAPTER 10

 

v.1-21 The Good Shepherd and His Sheep
v.22-42 Further Conflict Over Jesus' Claims

    

v.1-21 The Good Shepherd and His Sheep

 

v.1  (Jesus continues to challenge the Pharisees) “Very truly I tell you Pharisees, anyone who does not enter the sheep pen by the gate, but climbs in by some other way, is a thief and a robber.

v. 2 (he teaches on keeping sheep, the shepherd enters the sheepfold) The one who enters by the gate is the shepherd of the sheep.

v. 3 (the sheep know the voice of the shepherd) The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.

v. 4 (he goes ahead of his sheep and they follow him) When he has brought out all his own, he goes on ahead of them, and his sheep follow him because they know his voice.

v. 5 (sheep will run from a stranger) But they will never follow a stranger; in fact, they will run away from him because they do not recognize a stranger's voice.”

v. 6 (Jesus uses this analogy to help the Pharisees) Jesus used this figure of speech, but the Pharisees did not understand what he was telling them.

v. 7 (claim 1 – to be the entry gate) Therefore Jesus said again, “Very truly I tell you, I am the gate for the sheep .

v. 8 (previous leaders failed to have the sheep listen to them) All who have come before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep have not listened to them.

v. 9 (claim 1 again – entry through him = salvation) I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. They will come in and go out, and find pasture.

v. 10 (thieves come to steal and kill, he comes to bring life ) The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full.

v. 11 (claim 2 - to be the shepherd who lays down his life) I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

v. 12,13 (‘hired hands' aren't the shepherds and abandon the sheep to wolves) The hired hand is not the shepherd and does not own the sheep. So when he sees the wolf coming, he abandons the sheep and runs away. Then the wolf attacks the flock and scatters it. The man runs away because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep.

v. 14,15 (claim 2 again – his sheep know him and he lays down his life for them) I am the good shepherd ; I know my sheep and my sheep know me— just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep.

v. 16  (he has other sheep as well) I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to my voice, and there shall be one flock and one shepherd.

v. 17 (the Father's love is revealed through his death and resurrection) The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again.

v. 18 (he lays down his life willingly) No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.”

v. 19 (this causes disagreement in the listeners) The Jews who heard these words were again divided.

v. 20 (some deride him) Many of them said, “He is demon-possessed and raving mad. Why listen to him?”

v. 21 (others face the fact of the healing) But others said, “These are not the sayings of a man possessed by a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”

 

v.22-42 Further Conflict Over Jesus' Claims

 

v. 22,23 (next it is the Feast of Dedication) Then came the Festival of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter, and Jesus was in the temple courts walking in Solomon's Colonnade.

v. 24 (the Jews demand he reveal who he is) The Jews who were there gathered around him, saying, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”

v. 25,26 (Jesus replies, I told you but you didn't believe me) Jesus answered, “I did tell you, but you do not believe. The works I do in my Father's name testify about me, but you do not believe because you are not my sheep.

v. 27 (remember, I said my sheep listen to my voice) My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me.

v. 28 (I give them eternal life) I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will snatch them out of my hand.

v. 29 (my Father protects them) My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father's hand.

v. 30 (He and me are one) I and the Father are one.”

v. 31,32 (they go again to stone him for blasphemy but he queries why) Again his Jewish opponents picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?”

v. 33 (it's blasphemy to claim to be God) “We are not stoning you for any good work,” they replied, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.”

v. 34 (what about the psalms?) Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I have said you are “gods”' [Psa 82:6]?

v. 35,36 (doesn't it mean the one who has come is God's son?) If he called them ‘gods,' to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be set aside— what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God's Son'?

v. 37 (believe me if I do my Father's works) Do not believe me unless I do the works of my Father.

v. 38 (but even then I know you won't believe) But if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.”

v. 39 (he evaded their clutches) Again they tried to seize him, but he escaped their grasp.

v. 40,41 (he left there and crossed to the east of the Jordan where many people came) Then Jesus went back across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing in the early days. There he stayed, and many people came to him. They said, “Though John never performed a sign, all that John said about this man was true.”

v. 42 (there, away from Jerusalem, many believed in him) And in that place many believed in Jesus.