the final speech of Job covers six chapters, we provide the following
structure to help the reader follow it:
Job (9) Part 1: Attack - Rebuke of the ‘friends' - only God knows
Job (9) Part 2: Defence -
Job's Personal Integrity
& the fate of his enemies
Job (9) Part 3: Interlude:
Where Wisdom is Found
Job (9) Part 4: The Past
- Job looks back almost nostalgically
Job (9) Part 5: The
Present - Roles Reversed & a Resultant Wreck
Job (9) Part 6: Final Defence
- Job's Final Words of Self-Vindication
Job 26: Job
(9) Part 1: Rebuke of the 'friends' - only God knows the
Comments: This is the start of Job's last, ninth and
easily longest speech [going on to chapter 31 although not all
of it might be Job's]. He starts out by verbally chastising [v.1-3]
either Bildad who has just spoken, or all three ‘friends'. Where
has their wisdom come from, is it from those from the past, the
dead who now know nothing? [v.4,5] Although the dead are in no
position to advise these ‘comforters' the all-powerful Creator
God sees everything and knows everything [implied v.6-14]
Job's irony implying they have not helped him at all
you have helped the powerless! How you have saved the arm that
you have offered to one without wisdom! And what great insight
you have displayed!
He queries where they have got their ‘wisdom' from, the long passed
Who has helped
you utter these words? And whose spirit spoke from your mouth?
dead are in deep anguish, those beneath the waters and all that
live in them.
But God the Creator is mysterious and beyond our understanding
of the dead is naked before God; Destruction lies uncovered.
out the northern skies over empty space; he suspends the earth
He wraps up
the waters in his clouds, yet the clouds do not burst under their
the face of the full moon, spreading his clouds over it.
out the horizon on the face of the waters for a boundary between
light and darkness.
of the heavens quake, aghast at his rebuke.
By his power
he churned up the sea; by his wisdom he cut Rahab to pieces.
By his breath
the skies became fair; his hand pierced the gliding serpent.
are but the outer fringe of his works; how faint the whisper we
hear of him! Who then can understand the thunder of his power?”
Comments: This fairly short chapter put the ‘friends'
in their place [v.1-5] and essentially extols the Lord for His
greatness in Creation which implies as Creator He knows all things,
things even unknown to us. This greatness means He is way beyond
to sum up, what
has Job been saying in this chapter? He
he implies the
friends have not helped him at all [v.1-3]
he wonders where
they have got their so-called ‘wisdom' from [v.4-5],
he extols the
greatness of the Creator who sees all things [v.6-14]
is clearly a preparatory chapter opening the way for the rest
of the speech that continues over six chapters. His starting place?
The friends don't know the truth, only God does!]