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FRAMEWORKS: Jeremiah 21: God rejects Zedekiah's request


[Preliminary Comment: As Nebuchadnezzar comes against Jerusalem for the third time, Zedekiah, who is now king, wants to see if he can get the Lord to act on his behalf but the Lord responds that the Babylonians will take the city and the royal family but whoever surrenders to Babylon will at least spare their life. Yet again the Lord calls for the rulers to act justly before it is too late.]



v.1,2 Zedekiah sends Pashhur to ask Jeremiah to enquire of the Lord

v.1  The word came to Jeremiah from the Lord when King Zedekiah sent to him Pashhur son of Malkijah and the priest Zephaniah son of Maaseiah. They said:

v.2  ‘Enquire now of the Lord for us because Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon is attacking us. Perhaps the Lord will perform wonders for us as in times past so that he will withdraw from us.'


v.3-6 The Lord declares that Jerusalem will fall to Babylon and plague

v.3  But Jeremiah answered them, ‘Tell Zedekiah,

v.4  “This is what the Lord , the God of Israel, says: I am about to turn against you the weapons of war that are in your hands, which you are using to fight the king of Babylon and the Babylonians who are outside the wall besieging you. And I will gather them inside this city.

v.I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and a mighty arm in furious anger and in great wrath.

v.6  I will strike down those who live in this city – both man and beast – and they will die of a terrible plague.


v.7 He declares that Zedekiah will be given to Nebuchadnezzar

v.7  After that, declares the Lord, I will give Zedekiah king of Judah, his officials and the people in this city who survive the plague, sword and famine, into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and to their enemies who want to kill them. He will put them to the sword; he will show them no mercy or pity or compassion.”


v.8-10 Life is offered to whoever will surrender to Nebuchadnezzar

v.8  ‘Furthermore, tell the people, “This is what the Lord says: see, I am setting before you the way of life and the way of death.

v.9  Whoever stays in this city will die by the sword, famine or plague. But whoever goes out and surrenders to the Babylonians who are besieging you will live; they will escape with their lives.

v.10  I have determined to do this city harm and not good, declares the Lord. It will be given into the hands of the king of Babylon, and he will destroy it with fire.”


v.11,12 A demand for the rulers to reign righteously

v.11  ‘Moreover, say to the royal house of Judah, “Hear the word of the Lord .

v.12  This is what the Lord says to you, house of David:

‘“Administer justice every morning;
     rescue from the hand of the oppressor
     the one who has been robbed,
or my wrath will break out and burn like fire
     because of the evil you have done –
     burn with no one to quench it.

v.13,14 Although Jerusalem feels secure it will fall

v.13  I am against you, Jerusalem,
     you who live above this valley
     on the rocky plateau, declares the Lord  –
you who say, ‘Who can come against us?
     Who can enter our refuge?'
v.14  I will punish you as your deeds deserve,
     declares the Lord .
I will kindle a fire in your forests
     that will consume everything around you.”'



Continue to Chapter 22