preliminaries, see chapter 1
2 Synopsis: In the new (scattered) people of God there
are practical outworkings of the Faith to be realised. First,
we are all equal before God so don't show favouritism. Second,
we are a community of faith but faith is meaningless unless it
is accompanied by deeds]
Faith and Deeds
the new (scattered) people of God there is equality between all,
so don't let there ever be favouritism shown because that is sin]
(a call for
brothers and sisters, believers in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ
must not show favouritism.
contrasting men) Suppose
a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes,
and a poor man in filthy old clothes also comes in.
don't discriminate between them) If
you show special attention to the man wearing fine clothes and
say, “Here's a good seat for you,” but say to the poor man, “You
stand there” or “Sit on the floor by my feet,” have you not discriminated
among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?
(God loves the
poor just as much) Listen,
my dear brothers and sisters: Has not God chosen those who are
poor in the eyes of the world to be rich in faith and to inherit
the kingdom he promised those who love him?
(if your show
favouritism you dishonour them; observe the rich) But
you have dishonoured the poor. Is it not the rich who are exploiting
you? Are they not the ones who are dragging you into court?
(so often they
are the ones rejecting God) Are
they not the ones who are blaspheming the noble name of him to
whom you belong?
you neighbour [whoever they are]) If
you really keep the royal law found in Scripture, “Love your neighbor
as yourself,” [Lev. 19:18]
you are doing right.
is sin) But
if you show favouritism, you sin and are convicted by the law
(break one bit
of the law you're just a lawbreaker generally) For
whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point
is guilty of breaking all of it.
(you don't choose
one law over another) For
he who said, “You shall not commit adultery,” also said, “You
shall not murder.” [Exo
20:13; Deut. 5:17] If you do
not commit adultery but do commit murder, you have become a lawbreaker.
Law assessing you, rely on mercy or be judged) Speak
and act as those who are going to be judged by the law that gives
freedom, because judgment without mercy will be shown to anyone
who has not been merciful. Mercy triumphs over judgment.
Faith and Deeds
Synopsis: Don't talk about faith if you don't have the deeds.
Faith is revealed through deeds]
(don't say you
have faith if you don't ‘do') What
good is it, my brothers and sisters, if someone claims to have
faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save them?
(imagine a needy
brother or sister) Suppose
a brother or a sister is without clothes and daily food.
(if you just
talk the talk but do nothing, what is that?) If
one of you says to them, “Go in peace; keep warm and well fed,”
but does nothing about their physical needs, what good is it?
(so faith needs
deeds to prove it is real) In
the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action,
(one OR the
other doesn't work) But
someone will say, “You have faith; I have deeds.” Show me your
faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by my deeds.
yourself by saying you believe in God) You
believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that—and
about this..) You
foolish person, do you want evidence that faith without deeds
considered righteous by his deeds) Was
not our father Abraham considered righteous for what he did when
he offered his son Isaac on the altar?
(it was his
faith in action) You
see that his faith and his actions were working together, and
his faith was made complete by what he did.
(it was believing
that counted) And
the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God,
and it was credited to him as righteousness,” [Gen.
15:6] and he was called God's
(but doing proves
the faith) You
see that a person is considered righteous by what they do and
not by faith alone.
exhibit faith with her deeds) In
the same way, was not even Rahab the prostitute considered righteous
for what she did when she gave lodging to the spies and sent them
off in a different direction?
(you need both)
the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is
to CHAPTER 3)