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FRAMEWORKS: Isaiah

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FRAMEWORKS: Isaiah 63: Judgment and Redemption

 

Part 1: v.1-6: The Bringer of Judgment

v.1,2 Questions over the returning Lord

v.3-6 His answers

Part 2: v.7-19: The Bringer of Judgment AND Redemption

v.7-9 The Compassionate Saviour

v.10-14 Judgment and Redemption in the Past

v.15-19 Appeals to the Lord in the time of distress in the Present

 

[Preliminary notes: Having heard the declarations of the servant [ch.61], and then poured out his heart for the day of redemption to come [ch.62], in Part 1 the prophet now has a picture of a war hero returning [v.1,2] and when he expresses his wonderings, he is given answers by the Lord: He has returned from bringing judgment on the nations [v.3,4] and after having looked around to see if there was anyone ready to wage spiritual warfare on the world, found no one [v.5], so He brought the judgment Himself [v.6].

In Part 2, the prophet realises that this coming judgment on the world was on behalf of Israel and he praises the Lord for having become their Saviour [v.7-9]. But then he reflects back on their past history, how they had failed the Lord [v.10] but then He had saved them [v.11-14].

But now he is aware that there are days of apostasy that he is so often living through [1:1 – Uzziah – part good 2 Chron 26:4,5,16 / Jotham – good 2 Chron 27 / Ahaz – bad 2 Chron 28 / and Hezekiah – mostly good 2 Chron 29] he appeals to the Lord again [v.15-19]. A chapter of vision, understanding and intercession.]

 

 

Part 1: v.1-6: The Bringer of Judgment

 

v.1,2 Questions over the returning Lord

 

v.1 Questions from the prophet for the returning king

v.1   [i] Who is this coming from Edom, [ one of Israel's enemies of the past ]
    from Bozrah,
[ a city of Edom, south east of the Dead Sea ] with his garments stained crimson?
[ii] Who is this, robed in splendour,
    striding forward in the greatness of his strength?

‘It is I, proclaiming victory,
    mighty to save.'

 

v.2 He wonders at his appearance, what has he been doing?

v.2   [iii] Why are your garments red,
    like those of one treading the winepress?

 

 

v.3-6 His answers

 

v.3 He replies, he has vanquished their enemies in the world

v.3   [i] ‘ I have trodden the winepress alone;
    from the nations no one was with me.
[ii] I trampled them in my anger
    and trod them down in my wrath;
their blood spattered my garments,
    and
[iii] I stained all my clothing.
    

v.4 He had brought vengeance, it was a time of redemption

v.4  It was for me the day of vengeance;
    the year for me to redeem had come.
    

v.5 No one had been there to help so the Lord had acted alone [see also 59:16]

v.5  [iv] I looked , but there was no one to help,
    
[v] I was appalled that no one gave support;
so
[vi] my own arm achieved salvation for me,
    and
[vii] my own wrath sustained me.
     

v.6 So He had brought His judgment on the nations of the world

v.6  [viii] I trampled the nations in my anger;
    in my wrath
[ix] I made them drunk
    and
[x] poured their blood on the ground.'

 

 

Part 2: v.7-19: The Compassionate Judge and Redeemer

 

v.7-9 The Compassionate Saviour

 

v.7 The prophet sees this as deliverance for Israel and praises the Lord

v.7  I will tell of the kindnesses of the Lord,
    the deeds for which he is to be praised,
    according to all the Lord has done for us  –
yes, the many good things
    he has done for Israel,
    according to his compassion and many kindnesses.
     

v.8 He had looked to His people and acted as their Saviour

v.8  He said, ‘Surely they are my people,
    children who will be true to me';
    and so he became their Saviour.
     

v.9 He felt for them [see also Ex 3:7] and so came to save & redeem them

v.9  In all their distress he too was distressed,
    and the angel of his presence saved them.
In his love and mercy he redeemed them;
    he lifted them up and carried them
    all the days of old.
    

 

v.10-14 Judgment and Redemption in the Past

 

v.10 Yet they had rejected Him and He had had to act against them

v.10  Yet they rebelled
    and grieved his Holy Spirit.
So he turned and became their enemy
    and he himself fought against them.

 

v.11-14 But then they remembered their earliest days of deliverance

v.11  Then his people recalled the days of old,
    the days of Moses and his people –
where is he who brought them through the sea,
    with the shepherd of his flock?
Where is he who set
    his Holy Spirit among them,

v.12  who sent his glorious arm of power
    to be at Moses' right hand,
who divided the waters before them,
    to gain for himself everlasting renown,

v.13  who led them through the depths?
Like a horse in open country,
    they did not stumble;

v.14  like cattle that go down to the plain,
    they were given rest by the Spirit of the Lord.
This is how you guided your people
    to make for yourself a glorious name.

 

 

v.15-19 Appeals to the Lord in the time of distress in the Present

 

v.15 So now he appeals to the Lord

v.15  Look down from heaven and see,
    from your lofty throne, holy and glorious.
Where are your zeal and your might?
    Your tenderness and compassion are withheld from us.
     

v.16 He appeals to Him as their Father

v.16  But you are our Father,
    though Abraham does not know us
    or Israel acknowledge us;
you, Lord, are our Father,
    our Redeemer from of old is your name.
    

v.17 He cries to Him to came and save them from their wanderings

v.17  Why, Lord, do you make us wander from your ways
    and harden our hearts so we do not revere you?
Return for the sake of your servants,
    the tribes that are your inheritance.
     

v.18 Their once time of worship has gone under the boots of the invader

v.18  For a little while your people possessed your holy place,
    but now our enemies have trampled down your sanctuary.
    

v.19 He recognizes they are far from those previous days

v.19  We are yours from of old;
    but you have not ruled over them,
    they have not been called by your name.

    

 

Continue to Chapter 64