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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Isaiah

(Return to Framework Contents)

 

(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)

 

FRAMEWORKS: Isaiah 10: Discipline & Accountabilty 

          

For structure & preliminaries, see chapter 1

  

v.1-4 The Causes of the Coming Judgment

v.5-11 How Assyria Misunderstands their task

v.12-15 Why they will be disciplined in turn

v.16-19 The Extent of Assyria's Destruction

v.20-22 A Remnant of Israel will Survive

v.23-27 Assyria's Time of Disciplining Israel will be limited

v.28-34 Their progress through the Land

 

[Notes: Israel will be disciplined for their unjust lives by the coming of the Assyrian armies and although they are coming at God's behest, Assyria will be held accountable for their wilful destructive attitudes and their land will be destroyed in turn. Their time of disciplining Israel will be limited by the Lord and there will be a faithful remnant left in Israel when they have finished.]

 

 

v.1-4 The Causes of the Coming Judgment

 

v.1,2 (Judgment is coming on those who practice injustice and care nothing for the poor and needy) Woe to those who make unjust laws,   to those who issue oppressive decrees, to deprive the poor of their rights and withhold justice from the oppressed of my people, making widows their prey and robbing the fatherless.
v.3 (what will be left after judgment) What will you do on the day of reckoning, when disaster comes from afar? To whom will you run for help? Where will you leave your riches?
v.4 (you will be left in a pitiful state) Nothing will remain but to cringe among the captives or fall among the slain. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.

 

 

v.5-11 How Assyria Misunderstands their task

 

v.5 (But Assyria also who I have used to bring discipline) “Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger,   in whose hand is the club of my wrath!
v.6 (I have sent you against this godless nation) I send him against a godless nation, I dispatch him against a people who anger me,
to seize loot and snatch plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets.
v.7 (but mere discipline is not what was on your mind, but total destruction) But this is not what he intends, this is not what he has in mind his purpose is to destroy, to put an end to many nations.
v.8 (you said my commanders are all powerful) ‘Are not my commanders all kings?' he says.
v.9 (wherever we've gone we've destroyed) ‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus?
v.10 (I've wiped out bigger idols than in Jerusalem and Samaria) As my hand seized the kingdoms of the idols, kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria—
v.11 (so I won't have any problem destroying Jerusalem) shall I not deal with Jerusalem and her images as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?'”

 

 

v.12-15 Why they will be disciplined in turn

 

v.12 (once Assyria has finished disciplining Jerusalem, they will be punished in turn) When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the wilful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes.

v.13 (because you have been proud and arrogant) For he says: “‘By the strength of my hand I have done this, and by my wisdom, because I have understanding. I removed the boundaries of nations    I plundered their treasures;   like a mighty one I subdued their kings.
v.14 (you thought you could take what you wanted) As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as people gather abandoned eggs,   so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing,   or opened its mouth to chirp.'”

v.15 (but does the axe or the saw vaunt itself above its user?) Does the axe raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood!

 

 

v.16-19 The Extent of Assyria's Destruction


v.16 (so plague will come on your soldiers, a fire to burn you all up) Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame.
v.17 (God will come as a fire to consume you) The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers.
v.18 (your land will be ruined) The splendour of his forests and fertile fields   it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away.
v.19 (with virtually nothing left) And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.

 

 

v.20-22 A Remnant of Israel will Survive

 

v.20 (but in Israel there will be a faithful remnant) In that day the remnant of Israel,   the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the Lord ,   the Holy One of Israel.
v.21 (a small number who will turn back to the Lord) A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob   will return to the Mighty God.
v.22 (they will survive the destruction) Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return. Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous.

 

v.23-27 Assyria's Time of Disciplining Israel will be limited

 

v.23 (the destruction will come on your land) The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.

v.24 (yet don't be afraid) Therefore this is what the Lord, the Lord Almighty, says: “My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did.
v.25 (this judgment will be of limited time) Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”

v.26 (and then God will destroy them as He destroyed other enemies in the past) The Lord Almighty will lash them with a whip as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb;
and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt.
v.27 (and then the yoke of enemy oppression will be lifted off you) In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.

 

 

v.28-34 Their progress through the Land

 

v.28-31 (so they will work their way through the land) They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash. They go over the pass, and say,    “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. Cry out, Daughter Gallim!   Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth! Madmenah is in flight;   the people of Gebim take cover.
v.32 (until they see Jerusalem) This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.

v.33,34 (but see how the Lord will fell them like trees, clear them like forests) See, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled,   the tall ones will be brought low. He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.

 

 

[Comment: As we noted above, the Assyrians are to be sent to discipline the nation. The only problem is that such a sinful warrior people are unrestrained and so, where the Lord would just chastise Israel, Assyria would seek to utterly destroy them. But the Lord will not allow that, He will ensure there are survivors, a remnant who will turn back to Him. And Assyria? He will hold them accountable for their godless and unrighteous lack of restraint and destroy them. The lesson is that even those the Lord may use to chastise His people, will be held accountable to Him.]