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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Isaiah

(Return to Old Testament Contents)


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. To focus each verse we have also added in italic a description of what is happening)



Part 1: Words of Judgment: Ch.1-39

Part 2: Words of Comfort: Ch.40-66


Part 1: Words of Judgment: Ch.1-39  

1.1 The Sins of Israel & Judah Ch.1-12

1.2 Judgment against heathen nations Ch.13-23

1.3 God's Purpose in Judgment Ch.24-27

1.4 Jerusalem's true and false hopes Ch.28-35

1.5 Events during the Reign of Hezekiah Ch.36-39


1.1 The Sins of Israel & Judah Ch.1-12



FRAMEWORKS: Isaiah 1: God's intentions towards a fallen nation


v.1 Introduction of the Vision of God speaking

v.2-8 Your awful state now

v.9,10 You could be like the cities of judgment in the past except for God's mercy

v.11-15 Your false religiosity is meaningless to God

v.16-20 Get yourselves cleaned up

v.21-25 Your fall has been so great I'm now going to step in and deal with you

v.26-31 What I will do with you


[Comment: This chapter focuses well and truly on Judah and Jerusalem. v.2-8 show the land in a desolate state after marauders have pillaged it. v.9 & 10 acknowledge that if God hadn't left some survivors, they would be like cities destroyed in the past, mere memories. v.11-15 eyeball their meaningless religion; they have outward show but are spiritually bankrupt. v.16-20 is a challenge to sort themselves out and v.21-25 is a warning from the Lord that He is coming to do that, and v.26-31 specifically what He will do. An awesome chapter of warning with a demand to face their state and do something about it.

For an outline of 1.1 The Sins of Israel & Judah, see the bottom of this page]



v.1 Introduction of the Vision of God speaking


v.1 (the pictures of Judah AND Jerusalem God gave Isaiah during four reigns in Judah) The vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah son of Amoz saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.



v.2-8 Your awful state now


v.2 (Listen everyone, I raised them as children and they turned against me) Hear me, you heavens! Listen, earth! For the Lord has spoken: “I reared children and brought them up, but they have rebelled against me.
v.3 (animals know their masters but these people don't recognise me) The ox knows its master, the donkey its owner's manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.”

v.4 (oh what a people you are, given over to evil having turned their backs on me!) Woe to the sinful nation, a people whose guilt is great, a brood of evildoers, children given to corruption! They have forsaken the Lord ; they have spurned the Holy One of Israel and turned their backs on him.

v.5 (can't you see the terrible state you're in?) Why should you be beaten anymore?  Why do you persist in rebellion? Your whole head is injured, your whole heart afflicted.
v.6 (everything about you is ravaged) From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness— only wounds and welts  and open sores, not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with olive oil.

v.7 (your country, the cities, the fields all overrun) Your country is desolate, your cities burned with fire; your fields are being stripped by foreigners right before you, laid waste as when overthrown by strangers.
v.8 (Jerusalem, you're like a hut in a field that is under siege) Daughter Zion is left like a shelter in a vineyard, like a hut in a cucumber field, like a city under siege.


v.9,10 You could be like the cities of judgment in the past except for God's mercy


v.9 (without some survivors we would be like the destroyed cities of old) Unless the Lord Almighty had left us some survivors, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been like Gomorrah.

v.10 (you're just like them, let them teach you) Hear the word of the Lord , you rulers of Sodom; listen to the instruction of our God, you people of Gomorrah!


v.11-15 Your false religiosity is meaningless to God


v.11 (your meaningless sacrifices mean nothing to me) “The multitude of your sacrifices— what are they to me?” says the Lord . “I have more than enough of burnt offerings, of rams and the fat of fattened animals; I have no pleasure in the blood of bulls and lambs and goats.
v.12 (if you come seeking me I'll ask you who told you to do this) When you come to appear before me, who has asked this of you, this trampling of my courts?
v.13 (cut out all this utterly meaningless religiosity) Stop bringing meaningless offerings! Your incense is detestable to me. New Moons, Sabbaths and convocations— I cannot bear your worthless assemblies.
v.14 (I'm tired just watching it all) Your New Moon feasts and your appointed festivals I hate with all my being. They have become a burden to me; I am weary of bearing them.
v.15 (I'm no longer listening to your pseudo-prayers) When you spread out your hands in prayer, I hide my eyes from you; even when you offer many prayers, I am not listening. Your hands are full of blood!



v.16-20 Get yourselves cleaned up


v.16 (clean yourselves up by stop doing wrong) Wash and make yourselves clean. Take your evil deeds out of my sight; stop doing wrong.
v.17 (do right, seek justice for the needy) Learn to do right; seek justice. Defend the oppressed. Take up the cause of the fatherless; plead the case of the widow.

v.18 (let's sort this out, let me transform you) “Come now, let us settle the matter,” says the Lord. “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson,  they shall be like wool.
v.19 (I just need your obedience) If you are willing and obedient, you will eat the good things of the land;
v.20 (if you don't invaders will wipe you out) but if you resist and rebel, you will be devoured by the sword.” For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.



v.21-25 Your fall has been so great I'm now going to step in and deal with you


v.21 (Jerusalem used to be holy, but now sold out to false religions) See how the faithful city has become a prostitute! She once was full of justice;  righteousness used to dwell in her— but now murderers!
v.22 (everything of value has become useless) Your silver has become dross, your choice wine is diluted with water.
v.23 (your leaders are as bad as the unrighteous mob, uncaring for the weak and needy) Your rulers are rebels, partners with thieves; they all love bribes and chase after gifts. They do not defend the cause of the fatherless; the widow's case does not come before them.

v.24 (so, says the Lord, I will deal with you) Therefore the Lord, the Lord Almighty, the Mighty One of Israel, declares: “Ah! I will vent my wrath on my foes and avenge myself on my enemies.
v.25 (I will work against you and cleanse you) I will turn my hand against you;  I will thoroughly purge away your dross and remove all your impurities.



v.26-31 What I will do with you


v.26 (I will deal with your leaders so you'll be known as holy once more) I will restore your leaders as in days of old, your rulers as at the beginning. Afterward you will be called the City of Righteousness, the Faithful City.”

v.27 (justice and righteousness will return) Zion will be delivered with justice, her penitent ones with righteousness.
v.28 (but the unrighteous and ungodly will be dealt with) But rebels and sinners will both be broken, and those who forsake the Lord will perish.

v.29 (you will be ashamed at all the evidences in your midst of false religion) “You will be ashamed because of the sacred oaks  in which you have delighted; you will be disgraced because of the gardens  that you have chosen.
v.30 (you'll be like a tree and garden without life) You will be like an oak with fading leaves, like a garden without water.
v.31 (those who feel strong will become matchwood for burning judgment) The mighty man will become tinder and his work a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the fire.”



Summary: 1.1 The Sins of Israel & Judah Ch.1-12


Ch.1: God's intentions towards a fallen nation – warnings about present state

Ch.2: The Mountain & Day of the Lord – Jerusalem exalted in the last days, after a time of judgment

Ch.3: Judgment on Jerusalem & Judea – what the Lord will do and why

Ch.4: A Chapter of Hope – the work of the Branch at the End Time - after judgment, survivors

Ch.5: Judgment on the Vineyard – Israel as an unfruitful vineyard and what will follow

Ch.6: Isaiah's Heavenly Revelation & Commissioning

Ch.7: Immanuel & Assyria – the speed of judgment

Ch.8: Warnings of Impending Invasion as Judgment

Ch.9: Light & Darkness – distant blessing, impending judgment

Ch.10: Discipline & Accountability – Assyria, the means of discipline and their own judgment

Ch.11: The Branch and his work
Ch.12: A Song of Praise

Although these are chapters about how God will bring disciplinary judgment on Israel, there are a number of times where reference is made to the distant future (the End Time) when God's ultimate goal is achieved through the Messiah (the Branch) and Israel are ultimately blessed. (Shown in bold above)


Continue to Chapter 2